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Іstoriya Ukraine - Subtelny Orest

KOZATSKA EPA

STAGE FORMATION

Viddody yak at 1240 p. Bulo is lined with Kiev, the main arena of Ukrainian history and steel Galicia and Wolin. Proteus on Kinets XVI century the center is going to be shifted to Pridnіprov'ya, because by the stretch of an hour, it was deprived of sparsely populated. In the vast expanses, which were called the Ukraine, so that the lands on the ground for civilization, with a new guest, a long struggle broke out between the people and the Kochovites, and the protest of Christianity was suppressed. Gnoth, expanding in the populated areas of the region, having generated a number of utilities, they yielded to the non-residents of the frontier border in front of the city. The inheritance of the whole is a new camp - a cossack settlement that settled on the lands of the other lands. The Cossacks were assigned a position for the meta viddivati ​​attack the Tatars, spriyayuchi in such a way to master the colors. But all over the world, like the Cossacks, they had a great deal of support for their government and organization; that suspension-economic slavery of the Polish gentry. Actually, on a regular basis, in the Ukrainian period, the Cossacks began to take their grandfather's active part in the development of their key keys to the Ukrainian life, so that we can keep them safe and secure in Ukraine.

Cutting Suspension

With a stretch of the table, the population of Ukraine was shy of sweeping the depletion of family lands near the steppes. In Kiev doobu, so that you can stream Kochovikov and hide the population of the land, on the last day of Kiev, the boulevard is awakened by the measure of ukrіplen. Prote Mongolian bulk snake ix. In the year, at the period of rule of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania, the development of the lands of the past took place more successfully and steadily at the fortress in Chornomorsky uzrezhzhі, in the main Dniester. Ale, for example, of the XV century, from the last days of the Krimsk Khanate, the settlement was blown up, and the forts on the Black Sea fell by blows of the Turks. In the middle of the XVI century. the land between the Ukrainians that were populated by the land bled the whole time to Ukraine, the most vigorous strides of the steppe outskirts of Stepu included Kam'yanets, Bar, Vinnytsia, Bila Tserkva, Cherkasy, Kaniv and Kiev. On pіvden vіd tsієї lіnії lay so called "Dike Field" .

Tatars . Naybilshoy not uneasy "Wild Field" Tatars. Rik at the rivulet in the village of Ukraine, they pounded their corrals, they all plundered, drove old and German people, drove thousands of people and sold them for slavery in the Krimsk port of Kafi, which Ukrainian people called “we’re completely safe.” Qi swoosh boules for the Tatars in an economical way, fragments are really primitive to the state thanks for not being able to satisfy all consumptions. Less than in exchange for work, Tatars could have gained the necessary ready-made items and items from the Ottoman Empire. In Ukrainian folk songs often dreaded the fearful accusations of these hopes:

"Nights at night We didn’t smoke, Yak Tatars in our mountains For the first time we flew."

Especially fast boulders of the Tatar region nabigi in Kiev and Bratslavshchina for example XVI - on the cob of the XVII century. (he wants to Galicia, Volin and Podilla stinks were not spared either). So, for the period from 1450 to 1586 p. 86 bullet-proofs were documented, and from 1600 to 1647 p. —70. The average number of buried at full at one time approached up to 3 thousand., Although it took an hour to grab even ZO yew. So chi inakshe, Ukrainians recognized seryoznyh gates. Liche on Podilli mіzh 1578 і 1583 rr. third, the village of Bulo was skinned; however, it was Zruinovane by the Tatars, but it became deserted.

Colonization of lands . Independently threatened by the Tatar threat, bagati nezaymanі land unrequestably stabilized settlers. Due to the sale of goods, Polish and Polish magnates, victorious people at home, dominated the magnificent lands for gatherings. For the purpose of assimilating land, the stench was enticed by the villagers of the foremost feudal lords, propelling the land right to land without paying rent for ten, twenty, and three hours of land (settlements). Bagato peasants iz Galichini and Volyn tіkali in іd their panіv і yishli shukati shchastya on gatherings. After one or two generations, on the newly developed lands, the stench became the people of the old goat-fly, and they were deprived of it at the western lands. Already one of them, who won’t move to the house, had to give themselves good reason, said about their love and independence. Often they were afraid to hear from the musket on the throat of a Tatar attack, they stoned the mainstream, they didn’t rule the local residents, they didn’t know how much, they didn’t know anything. The stench was deprived of such a navi, if the term was settled, the framers, as a rule, paid their tycoons a penny or a natural fee, and didn’t give a shameless and humiliating crib. Due to the fact that they were larger than the land of colonies, it was a good reason that they lived for a long time, they didn’t pay much in size to the total lan (about 40 acres), but more than that, they’ve got a lower price for entering.

With our rice I mastered (completely, re-mastered) the Kiev and especially Bratslava lands Bulo Shvidke zrostannya Mist. On the cob of the XVII century more than 200 new places have fallen in Kyiv, but I have gone through the last few years to 348, which has become nearly one-third of all Moscow centers in Ukraine. In the middle of the table in the middle of the city, the Bratslavshchina in leather 218 square meters. km fell on the street. Hotch in the middle of the XVII century 60% of the entire population of Porubzhzhya lived in cities; moreover, the stinks were not really Moscow centers. As a whole, sooner prikordonnі forti, behind the wooden picket fence yaky r_dko koli nalichuvalosa more than 100 yards. Pid zikhisty uh ukrіplen lived overwhelmingly villagers, scho watered over the land. Sami zіdі mіsta zdebіlshogo not a little samovryaduvannya, and belonged to the tycoons, schuvu that they defended ikh.

Magnati Volodya had a large part of the land near the village, little wasted of the middle and other nobility. The Polish gentry at the Dnieper’s warehouse was in good condition, taking the right place, not from the zemlevlasnik, but, as a rule, from the clerk, adminstrator and manager of the magnates. Less than an hour, the stench made a truly modestly volodinnya. The main reason for such a stronghold of the middle and other nobility is cutting small numbers. At the Kiev administration in the middle of the XVII century. 350-400 yew. the population fell 2-2.5 \ yew. gentry, that’s less than%%, at that time, I decided to know about 8–10% of the population in the middle of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. At the time of the accumulation of frontier lands at the magnates, more and more people from the Central Ukraine and Ukraine, the water time was spent on the winter season. Bagato magnate, who was much better off living near Krakow, Warsaw and Lviv, was hired by the managers of Ukraine on a regular basis. Proteins are quietly living in Europe, who settled down at different places, boulevards, traders and clerks, a great drinker. On the cob of the XVII century in all of Ukraine, it’s nearly 120 thousand. ревреїв.

A small group of Cossack Bagatih magnates stood on the most attractive social drabina who had a great deal of faith, and they were very high on us. The most middle-aged boules were also polonized Ukrainian Rodi, such as Vishnevetsky, Ostrozki, Zbarazki and Koretsky, newcomers from Poland, the parents of the Zamoysky, Kontspolsky, Kalinovsky, Ossolinsky and Pototsky. On the cob of the XVII century The great majestic volodynnya populated the most lands of the region. The Bratslava administration has 65 thousand yews. yard 60 yew belonged to 18 magnatsky homelands. The most magnates ’nibbler, the flattened Yaremi Vishnevetsky, more than 7.5 thousand were in possession of the Kiev administration. maєtkіv, besides that, sho yogo volodіnnya populated all May Poltava region. Near the devy pidrakhunki, on yogo lands lived about 230 yew. villagers. For their stinky stink, the boulevards were no less lavish in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and in Europe. The fragments of the lands of such magnates for the territory of the first and second populations re-honored the deeds of the princedom of the once-worn Western Europe, often called Volodars.

On the whole, the ecclesiastical order, the sound of the big baggage of feudal lords, were governed by the future, beautifully decorated palaces, embellished with paintings by Dutch painters and the greatest number of times. The stench glanced at the punishment of the king and often broke the laws. One tycoon at Im Lyashch, a house of his own staunch shutters before the villagers, in addition, having so often exposed the other nobility, 236 times he succumbed to his deserts. Zavdyaki piddrimtsі іshih moghnіh tycoons zhoden іz zih of virokіv so і not buv vykananiyu, and Lyashch znabhnіv nastіlki, punishing you by sewing yomnuyu iz court order, as worn in front of the royal court. I want the butt of Lyashcha є a vinyatka vipad, ale vin to talk about growing strength and magnitude of magnates, from one side, and that about the weakness of the royal power - from the old.