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|home History Іstoriya Ukraine - Subtelny Orest|
Іstoriya Ukraine - Subtelny Orest
Ukrainian, similar to the Russians and the peoples of the empire, also threw political dignity into politics, which characterized the 1890s and the cob of 1900s. From one side, all of them reacting to the repressions of the 1880s, and from the other - standing in front of them is the sultry butt of the newly reaped new ideas, which were born in the middle of the Russian radicals. Another important stimulus was the girdle of a new generation of Ukrainian dyaches, who didn’t even fall for the time of the most powerful nationality proudly called themselves “national Ukrainian people”, for the majority of their own national rights.
The new “Ukrainian” boulevards were overwhelmingly the students, the first contact between them was stolen in the gymnasium and the univerical number, they looked at them in vain, and they actively shook them until they were actively opposed. Kar'єra of the Ukrainian dyyacha vividly represented such a scheme. I would like to see a young man, having gone to gymnasiums, knowing about “true” ideas, liberal mood of giving vouchers and giving you the smuggling literature and asking him to participate in the dark discourses. In such a university, a young man joining the Ukrainian community; deyakі s them, for example kiivska chi peterburzka, registered hundreds of members. At a huge student, having grasped a series of ideologues, having entered before the stake in two and a few times, having repaired, they will be engaged in illegal dyalnistyu, for example, publication and widespread anti-czarist literature.
Conflicts with the detachment of the Dedalists were more radical than students. So, in 1901 p. the force force showed the soldier of 183 students-activists of the Kiev University. All of them celebrated the mass strikes of solidarity throughout the whole of Ukraine. They called before they graduated from the university for a great number of students, some of them had a bachelor’s bag, which would have turned out to be one revolution for them. Most of the students, of course, didn’t take part in radical activities, but they went in and out. However, it’s important to know the middle of Ukrainian political events such as not having won the popularity of being a student activist but not being a member of student communities, but who served as the first alarm material for Ukrainian political organizations. Persha organized a belt of these young “svidomykh” Ukrainians vidbulasya in 1891, if a group of students in the group with Ivan Lipoy, Boris Grinchenko and Mikola Mikhnovskim was taken to the grave of Taras Shevchenko’s brotherhood Zanepokoєne tim, shrinking Ukrainian young people in the Russian revolutionary organizations, brotherhood violated the Ukrainian language as an alternative to the Russian radicalism and the Russian culture zagazolі. Vono made contacts with student groups in Kyiv, Odessa, Poltava and Chernigov, and it was the organ of organizing lectures, staging p'єs, holy in honor of T. Shevchenko. Actors of this group were promoted to a prominent fellowship, which formed up to 80 people, reckoning readers of cob schools, the main method of which was to expand the middle of students and villagers of Ukrainian literature. Lipa that one odnodumtsi, besides that, they called out to Ukrainian writers to learn from their creatures Europe’s zrazki zamіst rosіyskih.
Ale nayvidatnyshim reach of the brotherhood became public in 1893 p. the Lviv newspaper Pravda has a glorious creed - “Declaration of young Ukrainian people ”. Tsey rishuchy document, using offensive nationalism, thoroughly criticizing Ukrainian citizens for their intrinsic accumulation of cultural culture. The yogo author vowedly chatted about their name, their name was Kim Nicholas was not older than a generation, but it was true Ukrainian Intelligence. At the proof of their “Ukrainian” stink of goiters, they decided to roam all over the Ukrainian language, to go to the “Ukrainian language” of their children, to go to school in the Ukrainian language school. In the tsarine politics, by the way of the country, it’s a good idea to celebrate the life of the Ukrainian people as a ripe people in the framework of democratic federal Russia. However, in spite of all the ideas and activities of cultural activities, the fraternity has come up with insignificant concrete results and unceasingly rooted in the last Ukrainian political corruption.
Ureshti-resht deaf homin dissatisfaction, the belts of the newly created groups, as well as the growth in the number of participants in the masses, the senior dyyachiv of the Ukrainian rue were taken over the trivial break of the 1880s. At 1897 p. With the initiation of Antonovich and Konisky’s stench, you have approved the approval of the organization, which has now been able to identify all Ukrainian activities of the empire. The patronage of the whole organization was “Ukrainian Zagalnaya Organizatsiya” (UZO), which was a federation of about 20 communities, a lot of student groups and okremich osib on the basis of the advisory committee of Kyiv. There are about 450 of them, active members of the organization, and about 450, 100 of them were in Kiev. Yak zavdi, one of the first years of organization has become a request for an overrue request from the Presidency to Ukraine. Tse became, the basis, the reason for falling asleep in Kiev of the book-reader of the UZO book of books. Vaughn also smoothed out the holy revelation of the nationality of T. Shevchenko and the other prominent Ukrainian scribes, who roused the presentation of the moral spirit of the Ukrainians. Particularly significant boulevards were the holy baptism of Jubilee 1. Kotlyarevsky in 1903. that of M. Lysenka from 1904, in some took the part of thousands of representatives of the Ukrainian Intellectuals, including from the Western Ukraine. For the sake of help, by recognizing the transfer of police for Ukrainian patriotism, the UZO has supplanted a special fund. Appearance of RCDs was about those older than a generation of Ukrainians who recognized the need for self-organization, the protec- tive nature of activities, having committed to cultural activities and moving on to robotic work. Відтак наприкінці XIX century Ukrainians are still more than that, even though there are fewer minorities, say, Polish and Polish, that’s political party.
Revolution Ukrainian Party (RUE) . The group of students took the first steps in the Harkov Initiative, before which they included L. Matusevich, Yuriy Kollard, O. Kovalenko and the blue-and-white old Ukrainian - Dmitro Antonovich, Mikhailo Rusov, D. Poznansky . At sichnі 1900 r. the stinks began to conquer the Revolutionary Ukrainian Party - it’s quietly drafted to the conspiracy group. By the method of first-hand at the Ukrainian Political Party, a new generation and class are in favor of national rights and social revolution. Particularly whimsical vidgukulis on the initiative of Kharkiv group of students. Until 1902 p. there was already six organizations - in Kyiv, Kharkiv, Poltava, Lubny, Priluki and Katerynoslav, coordinated by the central committee. Before the party also included a group of smaller student groups in the gymnasium and the university. For the sake of realizing realizing kind of programs, I became a party to the warehouse of the party, the boulevards were established at the bureau in Lviv - in Galicia and Chernivtsi - in Bukovini. The RUE published two periodic views - “Gaslo” and “Peasant”, which were also transported to Russia in Ukraine, and set themselves up for meta politizuvati settlement.
In an out-of-place party, we found ourselves at a crossroads - completely upside down, as long as I got over to trying to read out your program. The problem itself came up on the cob itself: what about a revolutionary point of merit for greater respect — nationally social and economic nutrition? The slumber from the published pamphlet "Self-Ukraine" (author - stick nationalist Mikola Mikhnovskiy) was harsh, but the national nutrition brought to itself great respect from the members. Against this background, through the method of expanding one’s infusion, the position between the original core of the “home Ukraine” for settlement, the RUE of the grandfather often fell into social and economic nutrition. Prior to that, the Bagato ’’ members began to take a stand on Marxism, progressively redirecting the party to the social-democratic organization.
At go zikh zmіn among the members of the RUE of the wikipedia napruzhenіst. Most of the time with Mykola Porsche and his comrades, Volodymyr Vinnichenka and Simon Petliur, they respected that they had organized the national party, before that, they included exclusively Ukrainian and Ukrainian nationalities. Foreigners (by looking at Marjan Melenevsky as the leading newsletter) wanted to, as the RUE had their national rights, having become an autonomous organization of the Russian Social Democratic Party,
Now slid briefly on the fractions. Radically inclined to the intellect led the struggle against the tsarist autocracy, as well as re-shaped the atmosphere of tolerance, which is necessary for a calm and quiet discussion of thoughtful thoughts. Chya struggle did not give way to such ambush-European ambushes, as a mystery of political compromises and rightfulness. Viddak on all of the dilyans of the revolutionary rukh has become a broader apparition for fractionalism. If one group of revolutionaries didn’t make a fuss about it, it won, as a rule, lost its position, fanatically sounding idiological opponents in short of falling into foolishness, and in hiring in reacting. Todi, echoed in her righteousness, the group broke the tune of the first organization and began to break the fraction. Often, despair to the highest number of comrades was just as strong, as was hatred of the royal regime.
The Ukrainians did not constitute a vinyatka in the whole tendency, just to make roses, like wikis in RUE. At 1902 p. In the midst of the nationalistic mood of the Makhnovsky party, the small group was small and started to criticize the numerical strength of the Ukrainian National Party. Through two fates, a significant part of the член член members was seen, which had been promoted to Melenevsky, and belonged to the Russian social democrats. The fraction of Melenevsky (it was called "Spilka") is small for a meta, go to the Marxist party in Ukraine at the warehouse of the Russian organisation. You, who were lost in the RUE, renamed themselves the Ukrainian Social Democratic Party and the Nadal Party magnetized to renew Marxism and Nationalism.
A characteristic aspect of the dyalnosti of the RUE is boulevard ї ос ос ст ос ос ос ос з з з н н н н неу з ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос ос. At the time of the elections from the Russian Social Democratic Party, the Ukrainian Marxists knew their old long-awaited views - and, in fact, thanks to the Russian Revolution, there was a great deal of imperialism. Over and over again, if the RUE has been reckoned to thank the Russian Social Democratic Party for working, the negotiating quietly of those who have consumed food have come into the dead end every time through unauthorized access to the Ukrainian autonomous organisation status. Then, with the Polish Socialist Party, especially with the Jewish Bund, the Republican Unitary Enterprise of Belarus was able to beautifully dance. As a result, criticism from the side of the Republican Unitary Enterprise discriminated against in the empire, as well as from the Patriotic Bund, the Ukrainian people won autonomy in the warehouse of the Russian Social Democratic Party.
Pomirkovanі. RUE didn’t leave a cob for the best parties, and the first one was able to remember the Ukrainians, both in UZO, until the crook, a stink of a unique kind. At 1904 p. From the initiative of Evgeny Chikalenka, the UZO voted for re-casting to the liberal party, by setting method of establishing constitutional rule, carrying out social reforms, and exercising new national rights for the Russian Federation. Zrobity Tsey Krok with a significant peace shook the battle, especially young, radically inclined social welfare, first-ordering their own Ukrainian rukh, to hide it in such a way, if it is important to respect respectable professors, government officials. Yak i imposed a check, almost all of which became winikati and ideological essence and fractional rose. The door to the concern of their livvy members, the liberal party was renamed into the Ukrainian radical democratic party. Ale Popri Zmіnu name won for a sutty was deprived of a liberal party, even closer to the Russian cadets.
Thus, until 1905 p. Ukrainian rukh significantly zrіs. I have come to terms with a number of parties, I have heard a wide range of ways to choose the most national, political and social-economic problems of Ukraine. Ale all the party parties, earlier, were stockpiled over intellectually, and the last were sharpened by the creatures. Until then, a fragment of the whole of the Ukrainian politics triumphed, the conservative point in the Ukrainian political spectrum was not presented, but the Ukrainian parties had ceased to enter into conservative parties. Ale popri all the shortcomings didn’t pay the sum, but the Ukrainian ruch nareshti viishov for the inter-cultural, having entered a new, political stage of their development.