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History of Economic Studies - Kornіychuk L.Ya.

1. Historical change of mind Winery Keynesianism

Already until the 30s of rock XX century. In the midst of economical students, a little thought was pandered, which is because of the additional mechanism of economical creation, the economy is automatically straightforward to the point of purchase - as long as it takes a drink, it will be filled up. Businesses have demanded a neoclassical health mechanism to automatically secure a return to the product market, as a matter of fact to the market capital. Naybilsh for the most part, the whole boulevard cycle nature of development of capitalist economy. Repeatedly repeating this with outward force, the crises spontaneously fell in love with the lower numbers of jobs, investments, employment, pay wages, serious difficulties with other goods, and the distribution of the most cost-effective mechanism. An economical thought of that period appeared as an unlucky date with an elucidated explanation to these apparitions, and a better way to do this is to crisis. Bagato ekonomіvіv zv'yazuvali nastannya crisis and offensive days with the mood of optimism and pesimism in business. They ubiquitous theories, as they explained the crises to the ruined proportions between the gallows of the statehood, but to navigate the bank's interest rate policy.

With the development of capitalism, the mechanisms of automatic market self-regulation were shyly ruined. At the turn of the 20th century monopolies residually deprived of vile competition as a regulator of capitalist statehood. Vilnius transfusion of capital and work force, virvnuvanny vitrat virobnitztva, price and norms for a while to melt now impotent.

Ale naybilsh gostro the lack of respect for capital economy before planned development manifested itself at the fate of the St. Petersburg economic crisis 1929-1933 pp. that offensive depressions of the 30th rock. 1933 p. In the capitalist countries, 33 million of them were unemployed, while in the USA there were 16 million, and now one third of the total labor force became. In the United States, the number of jobs required was 50% less, and in England - even less. Until 1933 p. According to the United States and the United States, the United States declined by half more than half. The investment d'yalnist in dei roki krizi povnіstyu pinned. Vihid z krizi buv nastіlki trivial and more, what to navigate at 1938 p. Rivne virobnitstva in Bagatokh Krai countries not reach show-kiv 1929 p.

The economic crisis of 1929–33 pp. demonstrated obvious nevidpovіdnі mіzh in high level of development of productive forces that іrratsіonalnіstyu elemental rinkovyh processes. The high level of success and acceleration of the gospodar mechanism was arrogantly demanded by the planned regular regulation of the economy on a national scale, so as to strengthen the role of the country in the economy.

The first one was straightforwardly tested in the USA by the USA on the implementation of the “New Deal” by President F. Roosevelt.

First of all, it was stronger than the power of the hands in the economy of life that was explained by essentially practical mirkuvanni without an ideal theoretical base. Published 1936 p. book "Zagalna teorіya zaynyatostі, that pennies per cent," anglіysky ekonomіst J. M. Keynes target platform i qiu theoreticity becoming іdeologom new directly from burzhuaznіy ekonomіchnіy nautsі buyout obgruntovuє nemozhlivіst samoregulyuvannya kapіtalіstichnoї Economy on makrorіvnі that neobhіdnіst sovereign vtruchannya in ekonomіchnі Process.