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History of Economic Studies - Kornіychuk L.Ya.

Theory of “revenue revolution”

The theory of "revolution in income" is a warehouse element of the theory of "national capitalism". Її prihilniki stverdzhuyut scho in rozvinutih kapіtalіstichnih kraїnah puts printsipovy revolutionized the roses-podіlі natsіonalnogo income are yakogo polyagaє in postupovomu zblizhennі dohodіv rіznih verstv i klasіv kapіtalіstichnogo suspіlstva. Qiu thesis was promoted by S. Kuznets, J. K. Gelbreith, C. Boulding, M. Salvador, E. Hansen and Inshi.

Special harnesses for obgruntuvannya theories doklav the American economist S. Kuznets. In pracі "Parts of the income of the group of income and income" (1953) він navіv danny about the dynamics of the growth of national income in 1919-1948 pp. For yogo pidrahunkami, pitoma waga income 1% of the population of the United States (the most important group) became 1919-1938 pp. 13%, and 1948 p. decreased to 9%. The pitoma of the house of incomes of the “upper” 5% of the population decreased from 25 to 18% after a period of time. Vihodyachi zih indicativ, S. Kuznets zrobiv gowns about a systematically lower income in the remaining groups of the population.

Tsі rozrahunki and gallows were widely advertised in pres_. The prototype of the concept of “revenue revolution” has led to serious criticism from the side of the bag of American economists and social scientists. So, V. Perlo has a tendency to look at Kuznets. He showed VIN showing that Kuznets had roamed the income of a healthy group on the basis of these donated organs, only on the basis of less income statements. In the middle of the period, income recovery was significantly strengthened. Writing a quick moment, V. Perlo wrote: “The blacksmith’s wyvert’s scandal is politically scandalous and overwhelming by paying bagatimi money for guessing the evidence that you’ll be able to spend more money” * 26.

* 26: {Perlo V. The Income "Revolution." - N.-Y., 1954. - P. 14.}

In addition, Kuznets did not fail to secure unprofitable incomes, since only a few incomes were received, so as not to be distributed among shareholders, but rather to get more money, to approve of small funds. Mіzh іnshim, yakshcho suma dividend from 1939 to 1969 pp. (for statistics from the United States) was 4.4 times higher, while the total amount of losses was 86 times * 27.

* 27: {Historical Statistics of the United States. - 1970. - P. 481.}

Urakhuvavshi ts factori, V. Perlo showing that the income of the other group did not pass, but matured together. An analogous gadget based on the analysis of the great statistical material was blown away by American social scientist R. Mills. In the book “Panevna elita”, he called the rosemov about the “revolution in income” simply “the advertising voice”, which cannot be seriously serially * 28. For ordinary minds, without looking at the growth of the pay and pay trends, I’m willing to give my money to the incomes and benefits.

* 28: {Mills R. Dominant Elite. - M., 1959. - S. 207.}