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Types and sizes of pallets, classification and features

Типы и размеры паллет

Pallet or pallet is a transport container that has a rigid platform and a place sufficient for the creation of a consolidated cargo unit, used as a basis for the collection, storage, transshipment and transportation of goods. It is intended for storage of a cargo and its moving by means of mechanical means. Goods placed on a pallet can be pulled to it with belts (fastening tapes) or wrapped in shrink or stretch films.

Classification and features

Типы и размеры паллет

Distinguish two-input and four-pallets, the design of the first provides the ability to enter the fork from only two opposite sides, the second allow you to enter the fork of the loader on four sides.

Pallets can also be monotonous and dvuhnastilnymi, that is, having a platform for placing cargo only on one or both sides.

Типы и размеры паллет

Pallets are divided into disposable, which, as a rule, are recycled after use, and multi-turn, used repeatedly.

Pallets are made of wood, metal or plastic. Also there are pallets made of recyclable materials, for example from cardboard. An empty pallet weighs 15-21 kg. For most pallets the load capacity exceeds 1000 kg.

Dimensions of disposable pallets are usually not regulated. The dimensions of multi-turn pallets, the requirements for their strength and the designations marked on them are standardized. In Europe, the standard EUR pallet is usually used (in Russia it is called "europallets", "europallets"), which measures 800 × 1200 × 144 mm.

Types and sizes of pallets

It is used mainly for retail trade, its size is determined by the internal dimensions of the trucks that deliver from warehouses to retail establishments.

The ISO 6780 standard defines pallets of six sizes, in particular: 1000 × 1200 × 144 mm (ISO2, the so-called "Finnish pallet", as this standard is common in Finland).

In some cases, the pallets are removable or foldable. An example is the pallets for storage and transportation of automobile tires, which have foldable corner racks that provide the installation of pallets on each other without crushing the tires. When stored in a folded (empty) position, they take up to 5-6 times less volume.

Certified euro pallets (EUR-pallet)

Сертифицированный европаллет (EUR-паллет)

Linear dimensions: 800x1200x145mm.

The upper part of the euro pallets consists of five alternating boards: wide (145mm), narrow (100mm), etc.

The lower part consists of only three boards (narrow, wide, narrow) with chamfers removed.

Be sure to have chamfers at the corners of the euro pallets, as well as the brand name EUR in the oval, scorched on the right carrying pallets of the pallet. On the other legs, too, is marked, but it indicates the manufacturer (PKP, FS, DB, etc.) and information about the series, and the year of release.

Certified finpallet (FIN-pallet, Finnish pallet)

Сертифицированный финпаллет (FIN-паллет, финский паллет)

Linear dimensions: 1000х1200х145mm.

The upper part of the finplelet consists of seven alternating boards: wide (120mm), two narrow (100mm), wide, two narrow, wide.

The lower part consists of only three boards (narrow, wide, narrow) with chamfers removed.

Be sure to have chamfers at the corners of the finplelet, as well as the presence of the brand FIN stigma in the rectangle scorched on the right-carrying pallets of the pallet. The rest of the legs also carry digital information indicating the manufacturer's code and the date of issue.

American standard pallets - 1200 x 1200

Паллет американского стандарта – 1200 х 1200

Linear dimensions: 1200x1200mm.

American pallets are manufactured in accordance with the fundamental principles of the International Committee for Plant Protection ISPM15. This means that the pallets are manufactured in accordance with the international code and can be used for the transport of goods across international borders.

Wood materials with a thickness of more than 6 mm, from which pallets are produced, undergo mandatory heat treatment in order to prevent the spread of diseases of wood and insects, which can adversely affect plants or ecosystems.

As of pallets are divided

Highest grade

  • almost new, white, strong pallets;
  • without chips and cracks;
  • were used no more than three times.

First grade

  • white, strong pallets;
  • without chips and cracks;
  • were not subjected to repair.

The second grade

  • slight contamination is allowed, and darkening of the wood from time;
  • small cracks and chips are allowed (but not more than 3 cm wide and 30 cm in length);
  • some of them can be after repair.

When conducting external economic activities, or in the case of using production lines with stringent requirements for used pallets, certified European or Finnish pallets will be needed. They are made in strict accordance with the GOST accepted in the countries of Europe.

For the domestic market, any pallets are suitable.

The simplest and cheapest pallets are made of softwood and are often a non-returnable container that must be disposed of together with other packaging materials. These pallets have a simple design that allows you to lift them only from two opposite positions.

The unloaded pallet weighs 15-21 kilograms. Most pallets can easily carry a load of more than 1000 kg.

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