cariota (fishtail) / caryota
Refers to the family of areca (palm trees).
General description: This palm tree got its name because of the peculiar outline of the drooping leaves, which have "ragged" outskirts. It grows up to 1.5 meters. The most common form of Caryota mitis (Karyota soft). It is densely covered with wedge-shaped green leaves. In Caryota urens, triangular leaves do not grow as thickly.
Recommendations for caring for the Cariota plant:
Illumination : Needs bright, but diffused light.
Irrigation regime : Abundant during growth, moderate in winter. He does not adore in any way the overflow, nor the drying out of the earth.
Humidity : Needs frequent spraying (2 times a day), especially in summer or in a well-heated place.
For summer it is better to place on a fresh atmosphere (in a park or on a balcony), in a room protected from wind and from direct sunlight.
Temperatures : Moderate, optimally 14-18 ° C, maximum 22 ° C in summer and winter.
Soil : Proper benign drainage is required. It is allowed to add charcoal or expanded clay.
Recommended soil mixture: 2 elements of clayey-turf ground, 2 elements of pergnome-leaf earth, 1 part of peat, 1 part of the manure and 1 part of sand.
During the growth period, it needs regular fertilizing once a week with liquid complex fertilizers or special fertilizers for palms.
Breeding : Crushing during transplantation. So in case of soil heating, seeds are sown.
Transplant : Kariota does not like transplantation at all. Transplanted in the spring, only at what time the pot is made tight (the roots begin to germinate through the drainage holes).
Pests : it is affected by a spider mite (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stems are braided with cobwebs), mealybugs (covered with white cotton wool), scabbards (brown plaques appear on the leaves and stems, leaving sticky discharge).
In these cases, the plant must be sprayed with solutions of insecticides (actinic, decis, phytoverm, etc.) right up to the completed cure.
cariota (fishtail) - caryota