A berry (in the everyday sense) is a small, juicy or fleshy fruit, usually a shrub or herbaceous plant. This definition does not fully correspond to the botanical term “berry”. From the point of view of science of botany, the term "berry" means a certain type of fruit, with a dense thin skin and a juicy middle. There are always seeds inside.
If you want to live long and not get sick, be sure to eat more fresh berries, the benefits of which also consist in the fact that they help in preventing colds and infectious diseases, treat arthritis, normalize blood pressure and reduce the risk of memory loss in old age. The brighter the berries, the more antioxidants in them.
You can use the berries as a medicine, especially if we are talking about hypertensive patients, cores and people who are overweight, because the berries speed up the metabolism and promote weight loss. Doctors also talk about the benefits of berries for mental health, because they contain folic acid, which is involved in the production of serotonin, the pleasure hormone. The benefits of berries for the body is also in the fact that they contain a lot of vitamin C, which is responsible for the production of collagen necessary for the skin, blood vessels and joints.
What berries have many vitamins?
The most useful berries are blackberries that reduce cholesterol in the blood, blueberries improve vision, cranberries, protects against viruses and microbes, and goji berries, prolong life and stop the growth of malignant tumors. Raspberries, strawberries, strawberries, currants and gooseberries are no less useful - they make tasty and fragrant preserves from them, make jams, jams and compotes.
Dried berries are very useful, but compotes, jam, jam and jam after heat treatment lose their vitamin value.
In winter, it is permissible to use frozen berries, which retain their valuable properties, but in the process of freezing lose some vitamins.
Despite the invaluable benefits, the berries can bring and harm. For example, due to an excess of acid, tooth enamel is damaged or the stomach walls are irritated in those who suffer from gastritis, and overeating of berries often leads to diarrhea and allergies.
Cherry (lat. Prunus subg. Cerasus) is a subgenus of plants of the Plum genus (Prunus) of the Rosaceae family.
- high content of vitamin C, pectins and tannins;
- strengthening the body's immune defenses, anti-inflammatory effects (arthritis, gout, diseases of the digestive system);
- counteracts the thickening of the blood (prevention of thrombosis);
- prevents sagging of the skin;
- antiviral and antitoxic action;
- normalizes the level of female hormones (useful for women of all ages);
- strong oncoprotector.
The blackberry is a subgenus of the genus Rubus (Rubus) of the Rosaceae family. In different places of Russia, this name is mainly called two species: Blueberry (Rubus caesius) and Bushy Blackberry (Rubus fruticosus). Some authors call the blackberry the first of these species, and the second - cumanika; sometimes the first of the species is called Ozhina (in Ukraine) or Azhina (in the Caucasus).
- antioxidant effect;
- slows down aging;
- normalizes the level of sex hormones;
- improves the condition of blood vessels, reduces swelling;
- oncoprotective action (protects protects the DNA of cells from malignant mutations).
Strawberry (lat. Fragaria) is a genus of perennial herbaceous plants of the Rosaceae family. It includes both wild-growing species (wild strawberry, flat strawberry, oriental strawberry, meadow strawberry, garden strawberry, etc.), as well as species that do not exist in wild form (for example, pineapple strawberry, often referred to as strawberries). There are also species that exist in wild and cultural forms (for example, nutmeg strawberries, forest strawberries).
- source of vitamin C, carotenoids, folic acid;
- has antistresornu and antitoxic action;
- improves the functioning of the thyroid gland;
- normalizes blood pressure;
- protects liver cells from inflammation, wear and tear;
- has a detox effect (neutralizes toxins);
- contributes to the improvement of the respiratory tract (inflammatory processes of the respiratory system, recovery from bronchitis, pneumonia, etc.);
- helps with skin diseases (dermatitis, vitiligo, eczema).
Strawberry is the name of plants and berries (many-holes) of one of the plant species of the Strawberry genus - green strawberry (Fragaria viridis). The very Russian word “strawberry” came about because of the spherical fruits of this plant from the old Russian word “club” - a ball, a twisted ball.
- source of vitamin C;
- promotes the removal of toxic substances from the body;
- helps to normalize sleep (due to the content of a substance similar to the hormone melatonin);
- slows the aging process.
Cranberry (lat. Oxycoccus) is a group of flowering plants of the Heather family, uniting evergreen creeping shrubs that grow in marshes in the Northern Hemisphere. The berries of all kinds of cranberries are edible, are widely used in cooking and food industry. The Oxycoccus taxon, which unites cranberry species, is understood in different sources in different ways: as an independent genus of Oxycoccus Hill (1756) (in Russian literature, this view is common to the present), and as a subgenus of the genus Vaccinium - Vaccinium subgen. Oxycoccus (Hill) A.Gray (1848), and as a section of the same kind, Vaccinium sect. Oxycoccus (Hill) WDJKoch (1837).
- natural antiseptic for urinary tract (acute and chronic inflammatory processes: as cystitis, pyelonephritis);
- enhances the ability of the liver to detoxify;
- protects cell DNA from malignant mutations;
- is a natural energy tonic;
The gooseberry, or the gooseberry rejected, or the European gooseberry (lat. Ribes uva-crispa) is a species of plants of the family Gooseberry (Grossulariaceae), currently considered in the genus Currant (Ribes). At the beginning of the 19th century in Altai, gooseberries were called “bersen”, in the upper part of the Yenisei - “kryg-bersen” or “kryzh-bersen”. In the botanical literature of the 19th and 20th centuries there are references to the fact that in ancient times in Russia, the gooseberry was called the “roof”. Azeris call it the "Russian Alchas" (Russian cherry plum). According to one of the versions, Bersenevskaya Embankment in Moscow got its name from the palace garden, which is located nearby and where this bush was bred.
- source of vitamins C, E, group B, carotenoids;
- promotes the activity of radionuclides and toxins;
- improves digestion;
- has a slight diuretic and laxative effect;
- increases the secretion of bile;
- contributes to the normalization of body weight;
Common raspberry (lat. Rúbus idáeus) - half shrub; Rubus genus of the Rosaceae family (Rosaceae). Grows in cuttings, forests, bushes, river banks. Often bred in the gardens.
- natural aspirin (contains salicylates);
- reduces heat, reduces pain and swelling;
- useful in any inflammatory processes in the body (dry and reddening of the skin, pain in the joints, varicose veins, etc.);
- has antitoxic and anticarcinogenic effects;
- is a powerful geroprotective agent (slows down aging);
- especially valuable - forest raspberries.
Bilberry, or Blueberry, or Blueberry myrtle (Latin. Vaccínium myrtíllus) is a short shrub, a species of the Vaccinium genus of the Heather family (previously, this genus was sometimes distinguished into the Cowberry family). The berries are edible. Berries and leaves are used for medicinal purposes. Sometimes blueberries are also grown for alpine slides for ornamental purposes.
- strong oncoprotector;
- has a pronounced detox effect;
- improves eyesight, protects the eyes when working with a computer;
- heals the liver;
- improves the condition of the skin and mucous membranes (inflammatory diseases, itching, scaling, etc.);
- treats inflammatory bowel disease (colitis);
- there are geroprotectors (slows down aging);
- strengthens the immune system;
Mulberry, or mulberry tree (lat. Morus) is a genus of the Mulberry family (Moraceae), consisting of 17 species of deciduous trees, distributed in warm temperate and subtropical zones of Eurasia, Africa and North America. Wind-pollinated plant.
- antioxidant-rich resveratrol, vitamin C;
- prevents the deposition of cholesterol "plaques" on the inner wall of blood vessels, as well as beta-amyloid plaques (Alzheimer's disease);
- anti-inflammatory effect (arthritis, vascular inflammation);
- antidiabetic action (lowers the level of sugar, prevents sudden weight loss in diabetes);
- antiviral effect (herpes simplex virus);
- enhances the effect of anti-HIV drugs;
- promotes egg maturation and fertilization;
- helps to get rid of excess weight.
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