Stroke, bleeding, coma: which drugs are dangerous to interfere with alcohol
Medicinal product, medicinal product, medicament, medicine (novolat. Praeparatum medicinale, praeparatum pharmaceuticum, medicamentum; jarg. Medicinal product) - a substance or mixture of substances of synthetic or natural origin in the form of a dosage form (tablets, capsules, solutions, ointments, etc. .) used for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Before use in medical practice, medicines must undergo clinical research and obtain permission to use.
Tablets (lat. Tabulettae) - a solid dosage form obtained by pressing powders and granules containing one or more medicinal substances with or without added excipients or obtained by molding special masses. Among the tablets are distinguished: uncoated, effervescent, coated, gastro-resistant, with a modified release, for use in the oral cavity. For a long time, medicines were made and taken mainly in the form of powders or drops, until in 1880 William Upjon learned to make medicines in the form of tablets. Four years later he created a machine for tabletting drugs, and in 1886 founded the Upjohn Pill and Granule Company, which lasted more than a century. Compared to granules, powders and drops, the tablet form allows to simplify dosing and increase dosing accuracy.
“I don’t drink, I am on pills” - we often hear from one of our friends at a party. We all know that alcohol cannot be mixed with antibiotics, but why? Unfortunately, even those who take serious medications sometimes break the rules, and with the phrase: "Take God, for the medicine," they overthrow a pile or two.
The editors of shram.kiev.ua prepared a guide on the groups of drugs and the possible consequences if you mix them with alcohol.
They are used to treat diseases caused by a bacterial infection.
Drugs: Azithromycin, Augmentin, Erythromycin, Cefazolin and others.
Some antibiotics block the breakdown of alcohol, which is accompanied by chills, vomiting, allergic reactions, and severe headaches. With such symptoms, you must seek emergency medical help. Given that the course of antibiotics is prescribed for about 7-10 days, at this time it is better to abstain from alcohol.
In response to the ingestion of an allergen, a mediator is released - histamine. Drugs that reduce its effect on the body are called antihistamines.
Preparations: Cetrin, Loratadin, Ebastin, Clemastine and others.
The first generation of antihistamines, which are also sometimes accompanied by a sedative effect, is strictly forbidden to drink with alcohol. Ethyl alcohol, contained in alcohol, reacts with the active ingredients of drugs and can cause drowsiness, fainting, and even coma.
A new generation of drugs is also not worth mixing with alcohol. The consequences, of course, are not so dangerous, but still unpleasant - headaches, lethargy and an allergic reaction of the body will manifest itself with renewed vigor.
Medicines designed to reduce pain sensitivity, including selective, when other types of sensitivity are not affected.
Preparations: Analgin, Novalgin, Solpadein and others.
Analgin is more often used in the form of an antipyretic than an analgesic. This drug already has many side effects, and in combination with alcohol, it lowers blood pressure, depresses the central nervous system and disrupts the kidneys. As for other drugs, each of them paired with ethyl alcohol is dangerous for its consequences. For example, the same “Aspirin” can lead to gastric bleeding, and Ketanov will inhibit the central nervous system, creating an inhibition effect and can create irritation of the gastric mucosa, which will lead to heartburn, and in more severe cases it will end up with nausea, vomiting, or a possible aggravation of gastrointestinal diseases .
They are used to increase the body's immune response.
Lack of benefits from taking supplements. For example, alcohol “leaches out” B vitamins, which will lead to impaired brain function in the form of memory impairment and loss of rapid concentration. Retinol A paired with ethyl alcohol damages the liver, and a lack of vitamin C will hit the immune system.
They have an effect on the level of neurotransmitters and are used to treat depressive conditions. Relieve irritability and emotional stress, positively affect sleep and appetite.
Preparations: Novo-Passit, Tsipralex and others.
Taking antidepressants with alcohol is strictly forbidden, because this can lead to death or coma. Alcohol, after taking medications or before it will only aggravate depressive states, can cause a surge of adrenaline, after which the heart rate increases and the risk of stroke is possible. In addition, such a partnership depresses the central nervous system.
A group of drugs that are used to reduce fever.
Preparations: Citramon, Paracetamol, Ibuprofen, Panadol and others.
Paracetamol in itself negatively affects the liver, and in partnership with ethyl alcohol, it destroys liver cells. It is important to understand that paracetamol is part of many antipyretic drugs. As for Ibuprofen, it reduces blood coagulability and has an irritating effect on the gastric mucosa, which will subsequently lead to an exacerbation of gastrointestinal diseases.
Oral hypoglycemic drugs
They are used in maintenance therapy for patients with type II diabetes. They regulate three main metabolic disorders: insulin secretion, peripheral insulin resistance, and slow absorption of glucose in the small intestine.
Preparations: Glucovans, Avandamet and others.
It’s dangerous to drink alcohol to patients with diabetes mellitus, because it leads to jumps in blood glucose. Together with sugar-lowering drugs, hypoglycemia and even coma are possible.
The drugs are used for hypertension to reduce pressure, due to effects on the receptors of the brain. Can be used from time to time without being a permanent therapy.
Preparations: Clonidine, Moxonidine, Moxonitex, Physiotens, Albarel and others.
These drugs lower blood pressure by dilating blood vessels. Taking them together with ethyl alcohol, the vessels expand even more, and then sharply narrow. Ultimately, it threatens with a stroke or heart attack. In the best case, such an effect will not bring grief, but it will aggravate diseases of the cardiovascular system.
They are mainly used to treat the cardiovascular system, kidneys and liver, which are accompanied by swelling. Reduce the amount of fluid in the tissues, increasing the rate of urine formation.
Preparations: Furosemide, Acripamide, Indapamide, Lasix and others.
All alcoholic beverages have a diuretic effect, and together with medications they can enhance or distort the effect of the drug on the body. For example, when taking Furasemide with ethyl alcohol, excessive urination and dehydration may appear. A "leaching" of mineral salts will provoke a malfunction in the heart.
Hormonal drugs that suppress ovulation.
Preparations: Dinoret, Belara, Lactinet, Logest and others.
Alcohol affects the liver, changing the processes of enzyme production and speeding up the metabolism. All this affects the hormones that are part of the drug. In fact, alcohol will cause the drug to last less. And this already directly affects its contraceptive capabilities.
Means for the treatment of psychoses and psychological disorders. Able to suppress delusions, hallucinations, weaken aggressiveness. This group of drugs changes the mediator processes in the brain. Some drugs are also accompanied by a sedative effect.
Preparations: Aripiprazole, Haloperidol, Clozapine and others.
Partnerships with alcohol may cause breathing problems and severe pressure drops. In addition, the possibility of manifestation of atypical patterns of intoxication increases. Like all psychotropic substances, antipsychotics are not compatible with alcohol.
They are used to relieve muscle spasms of smooth muscles (small intestine, intestine, 12-colon, etc.).
Preparations: No-Shpa, Spazmalgon and others
In combination with alcohol, inhibition is possible, as a result of the oppressed work of the central nervous system. For example, No-shpa with ethyl alcohol will lead to impaired coordination, nausea and decreased pressure. Other drugs also cause nausea, palpitations, and tinnitus.
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