Known first-aid techniques that 90% of people do wrong
First aid is the urgent implementation of medical and preventive measures necessary in case of accidents and sudden illnesses, measures of urgent help to the wounded or sick people, undertaken before the arrival of the health worker or before the patient is placed in a medical institution.
Knowing the main actions when providing first aid to the victim is vitally important. It is also important that every action always has an opposition, because of which a person's life can be even more dangerous and you will be to blame for this. We in Shram.kiev.ua collected and described the main mistakes that people make when providing first aid.
Rinsing of wounds with hydrogen peroxide, treatment with iodine and medical alcohol can be dangerous
What's wrong: hydrogen peroxide destroys the cells of connective tissue, and the wound heals longer. Iodine, zelenka and alcohol burn healthy cells, can cause pain and shock when burned on the wound.
As necessary: rinse the wound with clean drinking or boiled water, apply a healing ointment with an antibiotic. Plaster and bandage should not be applied unnecessarily, otherwise the wound will become wet and longer to heal.
Indirect cardiac massage leads to fracture of ribs and lung damage
What's wrong: when performing an indirect heart massage, they easily break down the ribs to the victim, and broken bones can seriously damage the lungs and heart.
As it should: perform an indirect heart massage, only after making sure that there is no pulse, the person does not breathe and there is no doctor nearby. While one person calls an ambulance, the second performs compression. The correct rhythm is 100 compressions per minute (in the rhythm of the song Staying Alive band BeeGees). Indirect heart massage for young children is done with the fingers in a different rhythm. Artificial respiration is performed when the heart starts. Another option: 30 compression and 2 breaths, then again 30 compressions and 2 breaths.
Source: firstaidreference.com, mayoclinic.org
Paracetamol may cause liver problems
What's wrong with paracetamol is acetaminophen. It relieves pain, temperature and soothes inflammation, is a part of popular medicines. Exceeding the dosage leads to failure of the liver, kidneys.
How to: carefully consider the dosage. For adults, the maximum single dose is 1 g, the maximum daily dose is 4 g. Acetaminophen is contained in various medications (mainly those that relieve the symptoms of a cold and headache), and as a result of the combination it is possible to easily exceed the maximum permissible dose that causes poisoning.
Source: prevention.com, medicinarf.ru
When bleeding from the nose, you can not tilt your head back and lie down on your back
What's wrong: if you throw your head back over nose bleeding or lie on your back, the blood pressure in your head rises. Determine the nature and danger of bleeding is impossible, blood can get into the lungs, cause vomiting.
How to: keep your head straight to accelerate the pressure drop. Apply something cold to the nose. With the help of the index finger and thumb to close one by one the nostrils for 15 minutes each, breathing through the mouth. If the bleeding continues, repeat the procedure. Call an ambulance if the blood continues to go, despite the effort, or if the bleeding is caused by an injury.
Source: webmd.com, prevention.com
When an accident, a person does not need to get out of the car, shift to a more comfortable position
What's wrong: most often death after an accident occurs due to a trauma to the neck and spine. A minor movement to help the victim lie more conveniently, is capable of killing him or making him disabled for life.
As necessary: if a person is injured and there is reason to fear that the head, neck or spine is damaged (for example, he does not feel limbs, but there is no blood loss), then you need to call an ambulance and monitor the breathing of the victim right up to the arrival of doctors.
Source: prevention.com, redcross.org
In severe poisoning, you should not drink medicines that cause vomiting
What's wrong: medications to induce vomiting can lead to a burn of the esophagus and lead to poisoned vomit masses entering the lungs.
As necessary: when suspected of poisoning, you need to call an ambulance, describe the symptoms and possible sources of poisoning, record the actions recommended by the doctor. Do not yourself assess the degree of danger and look for advice on the Internet - an overdose of vitamins or alcohol poisoning can be no less dangerous than a gulp of a glass of gasoline. Without the help of a doctor, death can occur within an hour.
Source: mayoclinic.org, redcross.org
Using a harness to stop bleeding leads to amputation of the limbs
What's wrong: incorrect or unnecessary attachment of the tourniquet can bring to the squeezing of the limbs. The tourniquet does not stop bleeding, but deprives the limb of blood circulation, which leads to tissue necrosis
As necessary: with a large amount of sterile gauze or clean tissue, put a bandage on the wound and hold it with force. This is enough, while the ambulance rides. An exception is a heavy bleeding, in which the risk of dying is higher than the risk of limb amputation.
Do not put a spoon in your mouth or take out the tongue to the person who started the fit
What's wrong: during a seizure, a person can swallow or suffocate because of the object that is placed to protect the language.
As necessary: during an attack a person can jerk sharply and even turn blue. But the attacks end on their own, and the body is not capable of causing serious harm. The most important thing is to call a doctor, take care that a person does not get hurt about something, and watch to make it comfortable for him to breathe. It is physically impossible to swallow the tongue, and it is not dangerous to bite. After an attack, you should put the person on his side.
When biting a snake, poisonous insects and arthropods, it is strictly forbidden to suck off poison
What's wrong: the poison, mixed with saliva, will fall into the mouth, creating another lesion. This will speed up the poisoning of the body, can bring to the swelling of the lungs and cardiac arrest.
As necessary: if the bite falls on the limb, take a horizontal position, in which the place of the bite will be lower than the heart. Call an ambulance, describe in detail the source of poisoning and drink plenty of fluids.
Important: Do not take the patient to the first hospital or nearest hospital
What's wrong: take the sick or injured to the nearest hospital.
How to: call an ambulance, describe the situation on the phone, so that the dispatcher on the basis of this said, what is the nearest medical institution you need to take the patient. Not everywhere there are the necessary drugs, specialists and equipment, and a new transportation can be too dangerous for a person.
Via adme.ru & wiki