Famous first aid techniques that 90% of people do wrong
First aid is an urgent implementation of treatment and preventive measures required in case of accidents and sudden diseases, emergency measures for injured or sick people, taken before the arrival of a health worker or before placing the patient in a medical institution.
Knowing the main actions when providing first aid to the victim is vital. It is also important that every action always has a reaction, because of which a person’s life can be in even greater danger and you will be guilty of this. We in Shram.kiev.ua collected and described the main mistakes that people make when providing first aid.
Hydrogen peroxide wound washing with iodine and medical alcohol can be dangerous
What is wrong: hydrogen peroxide destroys connective tissue cells, and the wound heals longer. Iodine, brilliant green and alcohol burn healthy cells, they can cause painful shock and burn when they hit a wound.
How to: wash the wound with clean drinking or boiled water, apply a healing antibiotic ointment. The plaster and bandage do not need to be applied unnecessarily, otherwise the wound will get wet and heal longer.
Indirect cardiac massage leads to fractured ribs and lung damage.
What is wrong: when performing an indirect massage of the heart, the ribs of the victim are easily broken, and broken bones can seriously damage the lungs and heart.
How to: you should perform an indirect heart massage, only after making sure that there is no pulse, the person does not breathe and there is no doctor nearby. While one person calls an ambulance, the second performs compression. The correct rhythm is 100 compressions per minute (in time with BeyGees’s Staying Alive song). Indirect heart massage for small children is done with the fingers in a different rhythm. Artificial respiration is performed when the heart starts. Another option: 30 compressions and 2 breaths, then again 30 compressions and 2 breaths.
Source: firstaidreference.com, mayoclinic.org
Paracetamol may cause liver problems.
What is wrong: Paracetamol consists of acetaminophen. It relieves pain, temperature and soothes inflammation, is part of popular medicines. Excess dosage leads to failure of the liver, kidneys.
How to: carefully consider the dosage. For adults, the maximum single dose is 1 g, the maximum daily dose is 4 g. Acetaminophen is contained in various preparations (mainly those that relieve cold and headache symptoms), and as a result of the combination, it is possible to easily exceed the maximum allowable dose, which causes poisoning.
Source: prevention.com, medicinarf.ru
When bleeding from the nose can not tilt your head back and lie on your back
What is bad: if, with nosebleeds, you throw your head back or lie on your back, the blood pressure in your head rises. It is impossible to determine the nature and danger of bleeding; blood can enter the lungs and induce vomiting.
How to: keep your head straight to speed up the pressure drop. Attach something cold to the nose. Using the index and thumb, close the nostrils alternately for 15 minutes each, breathe through the mouth. If the bleeding continues, repeat the steps. Call an ambulance if blood continues to flow despite efforts, or if bleeding is caused by trauma.
Source: webmd.com, prevention.com
In case of an accident a person does not need to get out of the car, to shift to a more comfortable position
What is bad: most often death after an accident occurs due to a neck and spinal injury. A minor movement to help the victim to lie down is more convenient, able to kill him or make him disabled for life.
As it should: if a person has suffered and there is reason to fear that the head, neck or spine are damaged (for example, he does not feel limbs, but there is no blood loss), then an ambulance must be called and the victim’s breathing should be followed until the doctors arrive.
Source: prevention.com, redcross.org
In severe poisoning, you can not drink medicine that causes vomiting.
What is wrong: drugs to induce vomiting can cause burns to the esophagus and cause poisoned vomit to enter the lungs.
As it should: if you suspect poisoning, you need to call an ambulance, describe the symptoms and possible source of poisoning, write down the actions recommended by the doctor. You should not independently assess the degree of danger and seek advice on the Internet - an overdose of vitamins or alcohol poisoning can be no less dangerous than a glass of gasoline drunk in one gulp. Without the help of a doctor, death can occur within an hour.
Source: mayoclinic.org, redcross.org
Using a tourniquet to stop bleeding leads to amputation of the limbs.
What is bad: an incorrect or unnecessary imposition of the harness can lead to squeezing the limbs. The tourniquet does not stop bleeding, but robs the limb of blood circulation, leading to tissue necrosis
How to: with a large amount of sterile gauze or a clean cloth, bandage the wound and hold with force. This is enough while the ambulance rides. The exception is severe bleeding, in which the risk of dying is higher than the risk of limb amputation.
No need to put a spoon in a mouth or take out a tongue to a person who has a seizure.
What is wrong: during a seizure, a person may swallow or suffocate due to the object that is placed to protect the tongue.
As it should: during an attack, a person may sharply twitch and even turn blue. But the attacks end themselves, and the body is not able to inflict serious harm. The most important thing is to call a doctor, make sure that a person does not hurt himself about something, and make sure that he is comfortable breathing. It is physically impossible to swallow the tongue, and biting is not dangerous. After the attack should lay the man on his side.
If you are bitten by a snake, poisonous insects and arthropods, it is absolutely impossible to suck out the poison.
What is wrong: the poison mixed with saliva will fall into the oral area, creating another lesion. This will accelerate the poisoning of the body, can lead to pulmonary edema and cardiac arrest.
As it should be: if the bite fell on a limb, take a horizontal position, in which the bite will be lower than the heart. Call an ambulance, describe in detail the source of the poisoning and drink plenty of fluids.
Important: Do not take the patient to the first or nearest hospital
What is wrong: take the sick or injured to the nearest hospital.
How to: call an ambulance, describe the situation by telephone, so that the dispatcher will say on the basis of this, to which nearest medical facility the patient should be taken. Not everywhere there are the necessary drugs, specialists and equipment, and the new transportation may be too dangerous for humans.
Via adme.ru & wiki