What do we eat ...
If we knew what we were selling in the markets and in the shops, we would start growing our own food. What has the most appetizing and attractive appearance is often "illiquid" soaked in manganese and stuffed with wax.
A good buyer is an inattentive buyer. This is the whole system of deception in trade. We ourselves willingly allow sellers to deceive themselves. Most tricks and tricks are designed for this. It was decided to check whether the readers read the inscriptions on the packaging. A new label "Ostankino fruit cocktail" is pasted to the can of the usual fruit compote - the last word is specially written with an error. In theory, this should alert the attentive buyer. The package indicates the composition: kiwi, bananas, melon, watermelon, potassium cyanide, poison curare. In brackets we emphasize "Dangerous for life". These banks the seller puts on the counter with a sticker "Special price." Discounts, bonuses, special prices and promotions. All this acts on the buyer as a valerian cat. This is psychology - you always want to buy cheaper. Sellers of illiquid know this very well. Spoiled products are quickly sold at discounts or at special prices. Half an hour later the queue lined up. Surprisingly, there were many people who wanted to buy a delicacy. People pecked at the bait - cheap. A cocktail of cyanide and poison curare was bought in 20 minutes, they took what they called wholesale, a few cans at once, for friends and acquaintances. If the compote really turned out to be spoiled, they would have poisoned at least fifty people. This is an eternal game in which each of us is forced to participate. The seller must sell the goods, even spoiled, to sell at any cost. His bet is whether he will go bankrupt or not. This rate has grown especially now, during the crisis. The buyer must unravel the deception, his bet is his own health. The one who is worse prepared is losing.
For an inattentive buyer, this is a risk zone. Gum, crush, sellers rush "Next!" Evaluating the products by eye, we say "Weigh that piece to me." Carefully consider what we bought, we manage only at home in the kitchen. Alexander is a former seller. The work experience on the market is 15 years. He resigned therefrom after he sold rotten meat to an 80-year-old man. According to Alexander, he had to sell chilled meat under the guise of a pair, meat, which was running out of time, and at the same price. The cost of decommissioned products the owner necessarily deducted from the salaries of sellers, so they need to sell the entire product at any cost.
The art of cheating buyers here is brought to perfection. Masking illiquid - part of the duties of the seller. But this is a corporate secret. To see the market from the inside, using vinegar and dyes to turn rotten meat into fresh, you will learn all this further.
The fact is that sellers do not have the right to write off spoiled products. Therefore, they have to sell the illiquidity of the product. Chicken carcasses are resuscitated with bleach and soda solution. The rotten fish is turned into smoked with the help of flavors. Sometimes it leads to irreparable consequences.
Now there are no blue hens on the market, although 10 years ago you could see the "blue bird" on the shelves. This does not mean that the chicken has become better. Just for this time, sellers have mastered color correction. They take bleach "Whiteness", dilute it with water and rub the chicken. After the chicken has a little bit of rest, the blue disappears. Bleach take literally a drop on the bucket. Poisoning with chemicals in this concentration is impossible, and a spoiled chicken is easy. After all, it is better from this she did not - just changed the color. After such a makeup, the hen is given an injection, with a gel or water, a half kilogram of weight is added to it. To distinguish the disguised blue chicken can, first, by smell. She can give off with bleach. Secondly, to the touch. If you take such a chicken in your hands, it can slightly pinch your fingertips - so does bleach.
Usually we buy for a price: we always want to find cheaper - this is normal. Worse, when they try to catch us on our desire to save money. Goulash is usually sold at a discount. The secret of low price is simple: goulash is made from meat that has become worn and completely lost its marketable appearance. Sell it in this form is no longer possible, so he cut off the rotten pieces, then cut and neatly stacked in a package. Sometimes ice cream is added to the bottom of the package, for weight. The fact that you can not sell and so - goes for minced meat. Minced meat is cooked right there on the market - in the back room behind the counter. For mincemeat often go rotten edges and weathered films, which were cut from yesterday's paired meat. To fight off an unpleasant smell, vinegar and pork fat are added to it. If minced meat is cheaper than meat, this is an excuse to be on the alert. Quality minced meat can not be cheaper than meat. After all, its price is made up of the cost of the meat itself plus the cost of manufacturing. It is best to buy minced meat from sellers who make it for you.
Roadside markets. Here are the lowest prices, there is nowhere else. And no control. Meat and fish are sold under the open sky, a few meters from the road next to the roadside ditch. Cheap and angry. At the first trade point, Rosselkhoznadzor inspectors find meat of unknown origin. Pair meat, which is considered to be the most delicious and useful, falls on the counter from the sheds, located directly behind the market. Here on the grass, a hundred meters from the road, animals are slaughtered and carcasses are cut. Inspectors can only write a fine for illegal trade - 4,000 rubles and take samples of meat for analysis. Rossselkhoznadzor employees take pieces of meat for analysis, and the entire remaining lot is confiscated until clarification. Close the illegal market inspectors can not, this is not part of their authority. But they report a spontaneous trade in the local police station. But often the next day after the closure of such spontaneous markets again smartly traded.
In a spontaneous market, meat lies on the counter under the scorching sun. The sellers mask dead meat with the help of dyes and flavors, and then sell under the guise of fresh. Lying outdoors, beef is not just illiquid, it is a real biological bomb with a cocktail of cadaveric poison, salmonella and E. coli. To destroy the smell a piece of meat is wiped with a solution of vinegar. Then cut off the dark top layer and give the meat a rich color. This is done with the help of magenta - a dye, which is used in the textile industry, in the manufacture of pencils, inks, carbon paper, pastes for ballpoint pens. After our restoration of the meat, the smell disappeared, the color changed. To recognize poor-quality meat, you must attach a paper napkin to it. If the meat is processed with magenta, there will necessarily be a bright pink chemical stain on it. At home, just in case, you can repeat the test: briefly drop the piece into clean water. If the water turns pink, then the meat is processed with magenta - such a piece must be thrown away.
Under our laws, illegal sellers face only administrative liability, that is, they will be fined and released in peace. Therefore, sellers pay a minimum fine (about 5 thousand rubles) and continue to quietly trade meat in a nearby street, until the next inspection. According to the police, this problem has a solution. The penalty for illegal trade should be such that it becomes simply unprofitable. Now the only option - nothing to buy in the illegal markets, more expensive.
Buyers here too deceive. Only in other ways. Fruit mask with wax and lipstick. On the goods with expiring shelf life, the label is interrupted. Overdue sausage goes to slicing. It is packed right in the store and put on the label a new date. Old sausages are ennobled and sent to the counter.
All products here must be checked and safe, because for each product there are certificates, certificates and warranty documents. Customers in supermarkets are cheated not so brazenly and systematically, as in the market. But here the inattentive person can receive in full. Supermarkets try in all ways to sell goods with expiring shelf life. Previously, such products were simply taken to a landfill. Now in a crisis, merchants try to extend their life by any means. Once the expiration date has expired, the products should be decommissioned and sent to a landfill. But often the overdue food is repackaged and put on the counter. Each department of the store has the right to write off a certain number of products. For example, only 3 packages of milk. If in the evening on the counter there are 4, the seller is to blame - he should sell this milk at any cost. And here in the course are various tricks.
Any of us in any store under the same law has the right to demand a certificate for any product . The expiration date is indicated not only on the label, but also in the certificate. On the first page you can see this production date. The seller must present the certificate at the first request of the buyer.
Many buyers are sure: the expiration date is indicated with a margin , and a day or two overdue products can still be eaten. We decided to check, is this really so? An anonymous buyer buys in the store the most perishable product - sour cream cake. On the day of expiration of its expiration date, the laboratory conducts an analysis. An increased number of bacteria of the group of E. coli in 0.1 gram of the product and an increased content of yeast were detected. The cake deteriorated day by day with the expiration date indicated on the label. From this moment it becomes more dangerous every hour. No spare shelf life of products does not exist - it's a myth.
Sale of non-liquid is not the only way to deceive customers. In large supermarkets obveshivayut no less than in street bazaars, only technology more virtuosic. For example, in the frozen food department, buyers are sold ice at the price of shrimp. Pumping water through a conventional syringe - as much as conscience suffices. Subsequently, everything is frozen and the buyer does not see what you are buying. Packing with frozen food should only look at the light. In the package, ice and dirty stains - it means that you are trying to sell water.
Watermelons. They are now being traded on every corner. According to the Moscow Center for Public Control, half of them are stuffed with nitrates. The course of "chemotherapy" begins on melon. Under the skin of watermelon nitrites are added. After the injection, it grows twice as fast, but remains green inside. "For the color" watermelon make another injection. One day before the sale.
The most dangerous product for an inattentive buyer is the fish. Shelf life is very short, fresh fish spoils in one day. Instead of throwing rancid salmon or trout into a garbage dump, some sellers miraculously turn it into smoked. "Liquid smoke is classic" - food additive, the cost - 60 rubles. On the market, the thing is indispensable. It can often be seen under the counter from the sellers. Liquid smoke gives a rotten fish a delicate aroma of bonfire and smoked meat. Processing takes several minutes. Externally, the fish looks like smoked. In fact, all the smoking - it's flavors, dyes, and a few hours in the sun. This beautiful and fragrant salmon contains toxins that are deadly to humans. Pseudo-smoked fish can be distinguished by touch - it is softer, the pieces are stratified and creep.
A common myth is that if the meat is slightly faded, it's just enough to fry it. Indeed, bacteria die at high temperatures, but there are other dangers. For example, antibiotics. In poor conditions, animals suffer from trichinosis and other infectious diseases. A veterinarian pricks pigs and cows with horse doses of antibiotics. If the treatment does not help, the animals are sent to the meat. Sellers of meat rows even joke that their pork will cure any bronchitis. Meat with antibiotics can adversely affect the human immune system. No matter how much meat you eat, antibiotics will not go away anywhere - they are resistant to high temperatures.
Overdue sausage goes to slicing. It is packed right in the store and put on the label a new date. This is the whole trick. We think that this is the day of manufacture. In fact, the date of packing. It means that on this day the sausage was sliced and packed in a shop. When it was made, no one will know now. The native label is not saved. It is better to choose a loaf of sausage on the counter, and then ask the seller to cut it and pack it. Under the law on the protection of consumer rights in any store, this is a duty to do for free.
The shelf life of sausages in vacuum packaging expired 3 days ago, polyethylene was swollen, the sausages were foul. This date of manufacture is washed with acetone. The needle from the syringe makes a small hole inaccessible place to review the ordinary buyer. The air descends, a sticker with the name of the store affixed, with the date of packing, and the sausages are sent to the counter. Overdue sausages can be distinguished by touch. If the vacuum package is wet, juice drips from it, then sausages are far from the first freshness.
An attentive buyer can buy quality products in the markets, in supermarkets and in stores. It is only necessary to carefully read the labels, composition and shelf life. Do not hesitate to ask the seller for certificates and warranty documents. Remember that quality minced meat can not be cheaper than meat, because its price is made up of the cost of meat plus the cost of manufacturing. Before buying meat, inspect the piece from all sides. If the color is not uniform, then it was painted with magenta. Carcase a chicken in hand. If the fingertips slightly pinch, then it was bleached with chlorine. Packaged with frozen food to look at the light. If the package is ice and dirty stains, you are trying to sell the water. These are simple, not burdensome rules. They need to get used to - how to brush your teeth and wash in the morning. By observing these rules, you can protect yourself and your family.