Marshmallows benefit and harm, calorie content. What is useful and what is harmful marshmallow?
Zephyr (fr. Zephir ← lat. Zephyrus ← other Greek - west or north-west wind) - a kind of sugar confectionery; it is obtained by churning fruit and berry puree with sugar and egg white, followed by the addition of any of the formative (jelly-forming) fillers in this mixture: pectin, agar syrup, gelatinous (marmalade) mass. Food additives, essences, dyes are used as additives in the production of marshmallows.
Marshmallows are not only mouth-watering, but also a healthy treat for health. The benefits and harms of marshmallows are appreciated not only by the sweet tooth, but also by nutritionists. It can be safely given to children - from its use, their teeth will not collapse and caries will not occur.
Russia is considered the homeland of marshmallows. It is here that a wonderful treat called pastille was made from sugar and applesauce. Over time, the composition of sweets changed - proteins and other components were added to it.
In the form that we are all used to now, marshmallows were invented in France. French confectioners experimented with the composition and proportions of Russian pastilles, resulting in a gentle airy delicacy, which was called "marshmallows." Translated, this means "light breeze."
The composition and calorie content of marshmallows
The composition of the classic marshmallows, known even to ancient Greek culinary specialists, includes fruit puree, sugar and egg white. All these components are thoroughly whipped and mixed until a homogeneous mass with a large number of air bubbles is formed. After that, the resulting mixture is heated and a jelly-forming substance is added to it - gelatin, for example, or agar-agar. After cooling, the product is sufficiently dry, soft and crumbling.
Of course, this is a natural way to make marshmallows. Today, with the widespread distribution of concentrates and food additives, they are not only actively used for the preparation of marshmallows, but sometimes completely replace some of the classic components. Most often - fruit puree.
There are absolutely no fats in marshmallows. Indeed, for its production only fruit purees, protein, sugar and natural thickeners are used. The latter include pectin, agar-agar or gelatin. Thanks to this selection of components, the calorie content of marshmallows is about 321 kcal per 100 g.
Among the useful substances that are contained in marshmallows, you will not find vitamins, since they are destroyed even at the stage of production of the product. However, marshmallows are rich in iron, phosphorus, and other nutrients for the body.
The benefits of marshmallows
The main beneficial properties of marshmallows are due to its ingredients. So, the chemical composition of marshmallows includes:
1. Easily digestible sugars
As a rule, syrup is prepared from them. They provide the body with energy and strength. And besides, they give a good mood.
They are introduced to the marshmallow treats with eggs. And egg white, by the way, is considered the most complete of those used in cooking due to the presence in it of all the amino acids that are essential for humans. Its characteristic feature is a fairly long digestibility in comparison with milk or meat proteins.
When agar-agar or pectin is added to marshmallows. The latter, by the way, is fiber in itself, and in the body it intensifies the rate of digestion, activates intestinal motility, and prevents excess cholesterol from entering the bloodstream. In other words, it is fiber that protects our blood vessels from clogging, and the entire body from atherosclerosis.
In addition, if the marshmallow is made from fruit puree, but using gelatin, fiber will still be in it, since it is an indispensable component of the composition of many fruits.
4. Fats and extra proteins.
When using gelatin instead of pectin or agar-agar. It is a derivative of meat production, and therefore the content of proteins and fats in its composition is quite large.
5. Food Acids
Sometimes when adding various food acids to the marshmallow - citric, for example, or malic - stimulation of the production of digestive juices and various enzymes occurs.
Thus, the chemical composition of marshmallows provides the body with almost everything necessary for normal life: sugars - for activity and better thinking, proteins - for building your own muscle tissue or healing wounds, fiber - for healing the intestines and blood and minerals from fruits - to maintain a large amount physiological processes in the body.
This wonderful product has its drawbacks:
1. A large number of sugars
Of course, there are fewer of them in it than in sweets or gozinaki, but for people suffering from diabetes or overweight people and it will be enough for a justified and involuntary rejection of egg-fruit sweets.
2. Synthetic additives
The downside of most modern marshmallows is the use in their composition of various synthetic additives - flavors, sweeteners and dyes.
Each country and each factory uses its own set of additives. Some of them are safe and harmless.
Some can cause really serious harm. The only important thing is that there are no useful ones among them, and therefore cheap marshmallows should be avoided.
But in general, natural marshmallows can be regularly pampered not only by relatives and friends, but also by children. Marshmallows can be given to children as soon as they have teeth. It is only important to watch the baby - allergies occur in many children with mashed citrus fruits.
Therefore, if you suddenly decided to sweeten your table with a confectionery product and hesitate with a choice, feel free to stop at the marshmallow. In the absence of diabetes and E-supplements in the product itself, marshmallows will definitely give you a good mood, strength and vigorous well-being. It remains only to carefully select the brand.
The energy value
|Content in 100 g of product||Proteins, g||Fats, g||Carbohydrates, g||Calories, kcal|
|Content in 100 g of product||A mg||B1 mg||B2 mg||PP, mg||C mg||Carotene, mg|
|Content in 100 g of product||Sodium, mg||Potassium mg||Calcium mg||Magnesium mg||Phosphorus mg||Iron mg|
The recipe for making ZEFIR at home
How to cook zephyr which will turn out
Via yourlifestyle.ru & sostavproduktov.ru & wiki