Zephyr is good and harmful, caloric. Than useful, and what is harmful zephyr?
Zephyr (Fr. zephir ← lat zephyrus ← al-Greek - western or northwestern wind) - a genus of sugar confectionery; is obtained by knocking down the fruit and berry puree with sugar and egg whites, followed by the addition of any of the formulating (gelatinous) fillers: pectin, agar syrup, gelatinous (marmalade) mass. As additives in the production of marshmallows used food acids, essences, dyes.
Zephyr is not only an appetizing, but also a healthy treat. The benefits and harms of marshmallow are not only appreciated by sweeties, but also by dietitians. It can be safely given to children - from its use they will not break their teeth and there will be no caries.
The motherland of marshmallow is Russia. It was here that a delicious treat called Pastilla was made from sugar and apple puree. Over time, the composition of sweets changed - it added proteins and other components.
In the form to which we are now accustomed, marshmallow was invented in France. French confectioners experimented with the composition and proportions of Russian pastille, having received as a result a gentle airy delicacy, which was called "marshmallow". In translation, this means a "light breeze".
Composition and calorie content of marshmallows
The composition of marshmallows classic, known even to ancient Greek cooks, includes fruit puree, sugar and egg white. All these components are thoroughly whipped and mixed until a uniform mass is formed with a large number of air bubbles. After this, the resulting mixture is heated and added to it gelling agent - gelatin, for example, or agar-agar. After cooling, the product is sufficiently dry, soft and crumbly.
Of course, this is a natural way of preparing marshmallows. Today, with the widespread distribution of concentrates and food additives, they are not only actively used to prepare marshmallows, but sometimes completely replace some classical components. Most often - fruit puree.
In the marshmallow absolutely no fat. After all, only fruit pulps, protein, sugar and natural thickeners are used for its production. The latter include pectin, agar-agar or gelatin. Thanks to this selection of components, the calorie content of marshmallow is about 321 kcal per 100 g.
Among the beneficial substances that are contained in marshmallows, you will not find vitamins, as they are destroyed at the stage of product production. However, marshmallows are rich in iron, phosphorus and other nutrients for the body components.
Benefits of marshmallows
The main useful properties of marshmallow are due to its ingredients. Thus, the chemical composition of marshmallows includes:
1. Easily assimilated sugars
As a rule, a syrup is prepared from them. They provide the body with energy and strength. And besides, they give a good mood.
They are added to the composition of marshmallows goodies with eggs. And egg white, by the way, is considered the most valuable of those used in cooking due to the presence in it of all essential amino acids. Its characteristic feature is a sufficiently long digestibility in comparison with dairy or meat proteins.
In the case when agar-agar or pectin is added to the marshmallow. The latter, incidentally, is in itself a fiber, and in the body intensifies the speed of digestion, activates the peristalsis of the intestine and prevents the ingestion of excessive cholesterol into the blood. In other words, it is fiber - it protects our blood vessels from clogging, and the whole body - from atherosclerosis.
In addition, if the marshmallow is made from fruit puree, but using gelatin, the cellulose in it will still be, since it is an indispensable component of the composition of many fruits.
4. Fats and additional proteins.
When using instead of pectin or agar-agar gelatin. It is a derivative of meat production, therefore, the content of proteins and fats in its composition is quite large.
5. Food acids
Sometimes, when added to marshmallows various food acids - lemon, for example, or apple - stimulates the production of digestive juices and various enzymes.
Thus, the chemical composition of marshmallows provides the body with almost everything necessary for normal life: sugars - for activity and better thinking, proteins - to build your own muscle tissue or wound healing, fiber - for healing the intestines and blood and minerals from fruits - to maintain a large number physiological processes in the body.
Damage to marshmallows
This remarkable product has its drawbacks:
1. A large amount of sugars
Of course, they are smaller in it than in sweets or kozinaks, but for those suffering from diabetes or overweight persons and it will be enough for a justified and forced abandonment of egg-fruit sweetness.
2. Synthetic additives
The downside of most modern marshmallows is the use in their composition of various synthetic additives - flavors, sweeteners and dyes.
In each country and in each factory they use their own set of additives. Some of them are safe and harmless.
Some can cause really serious harm. The only important thing is that there are no useful ones among them, and therefore cheap marshmallow should be avoided.
But in general, natural marshmallows can regularly spoil not only relatives and friends, but also children. Zephyr can be given to children as soon as they have teeth. It is important only to observe the baby - on the citrus puree, many children experience allergies.
Therefore, if suddenly you decide to sweeten your table with some confectionery and hesitate with a choice, boldly stop at the marshmallow. In the absence of diabetes, you, and E-supplements in the product itself, marshmallows will surely give you a good mood, strength and vigorous well-being. It remains only to carefully choose the brand.
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|Content in 100 g of product||A, mg||B1, mg||B2, mg||PP, mg||C, mg||Carotene, mg|
|Content in 100 g of product||Sodium, mg||Potassium, mg||Calcium, mg||Magnesium, mg||Phosphorus, mg||Iron, mg|
Recipe for cooking ZEFIR in the home
How to cook ZEFIR
Via yourlifestyle.com & sostavproduktov.ru & wiki