Lithium is an element from the group of alkali metals. Lithium salts have been proposed for a long time to treat gout and dissolve kidney stones (see Urodan). In the late 40s and 50s, it was found that lithium preparations have the ability to stop acute manic arousal in mentally ill patients and prevent affective attacks.
Recently, lithium preparations have been widely used for the treatment of endogenous affective diseases. Various lithium-containing preparations appeared, which began to unite in the group of normotimic agents (normotimics).
Other drugs that do not contain lithium, but have a similar therapeutic effect (for example, carbamazepine), also began to be referred to drugs of this group.
Subgroup Psychotropic drugs include drugs: