Description of the medicine: Potassium acetate (Kalii acetas)
POTASSIUM ACETATE (Kalii acetas).
Synonym: Kalium aceticum.
White crystalline powder, odorless or with a slight smell of acetic acid, salty taste. Hygroscopic, spreads out in air. It is very easily soluble in water (2, 5: 1), easily - in alcohol (1: 4). Aqueous solutions have a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction. In connection with strong hygroscopicity, it is used in the form of an aqueous solution.
A solution of potassium acetate (Liquor Kalii acetatis, Calium aceticum solutum, Liquor Kali acetici). Contains 33 - 35% potassium. A clear, colorless liquid with a faint odor of acetic acid.
It has a moderate diuretic effect. The diuretic effect of potassium acetate, as well as other osmotically active substances (potassium chloride, sodium chloride, mannitol, etc.), is associated with a change in the concentration function of the kidneys, a decrease in the reabsorption of water and sodium ions, and an increase in the amount of fluid entering the distal nephron. Potassium from potassium acetate is rapidly excreted by the kidneys. However, in case of violation of the excretory function of the kidneys, potassium may be retained in the body, which will cause a violation of the conduction of the heart muscle.
Potassium acetate is sometimes used as a diuretic, mainly for edema associated with circulatory disorders.
The drug can also be used as a source of potassium ions in case of hypokalemia (see Potassium chloride).
Assign inside, the daily dose for adults is 5-10 g in several doses (in capsules or in the form of solutions).
When using potassium acetate, dyspeptic symptoms are possible.
Storage: in a well-closed container that protects from the action of light.
Rp.: Kali acatatis 30.0
Aq. destill. 200 ml