Description of the medicine: Alprazolam (Alprazolam)
ALPRAZOLAM (Alprazolam). 8-Chloro-1-methyl-6-phenyl-4H- [1, 2, 4] -triazolo [4, 3a] [1, 4] benzodiazepine.
Synonyms: Alprax, Xanax, Neuro, Alprax, Cassadan, Frontal, Neurol, Prinax, Restil, Solanax, Tafil, Trankimazin, Tricca, Xanax, Xanor, Zotran.
The chemical structure is close to triazolam (see), differs in the absence of a Cl atom with phenyl in position 6. Alprazolam has a less pronounced hypnotic effect. It is used mainly for short-term relief of feelings of anxiety, fear, anxiety, treatment of concomitant depression.
The drug is rapidly absorbed. Peak plasma concentrations are observed 1 to 2 hours after ingestion. The elimination half-life is 12-15 hours. Frequent repeated use can, however, lead to cumulation, especially in cases of impaired renal and hepatic function in the elderly.
Assign inside adults at a dose of 0.25-0.5 mg (0.00025-0.0005 g) 3 times a day. The highest daily dose of 3 mg. Weakened and elderly patients are prescribed 0.25 mg 2-3 times a day; if necessary and with good tolerability of the drug, the dose is gradually increased.
For possible complications, precautions and contraindications, see Chlozepide, Sibazon.
Release form: tablets of 0.25 mg white (ovoid) and 0.5 mg yellowish-pink.