Scientists have proven that there are more good people in the world than bad
Bipolar affective disorder ( abbr. BAR; earlier - manic-depressive psychosis, MDP; originally - circular psychosis ) - endogenous mental disorder, manifested in the form of affective states: manic ( or hypomanic ) and depressive ( or subdepressive ) and sometimes mixed states . There are various options for mixed states.
These conditions, called episodes or phases of the disease, periodically alternate with each other almost without the influence of external circumstances (that is, “endogenously”), directly or through “bright” periods of mental health (intermission, also called interphases), with little or no decrease in mental functions , even with a large number of transferred phases and any duration of the disease. In intermissions, the psyche and personality traits of the patient are completely restored. However, it should be noted that patients with bipolar disorder often (in about 75% of cases) suffer from other, concomitant, mental disorders (this can be, for example, anxiety disorder).
In the American classification of mental disorders, DSM-5 bipolar affective disorder is called bipolar disorder Ⅰ type ( English Bipolar I Disorder ) and bipolar disorder type ( English Bipolar II Disorder ). The second type is characterized by the presence of only hypomanic and depressive episodes - without manic ones.
Treatment of BAR is a complex task, as it requires a detailed understanding of psychopharmacology. Patients with bipolar disorder, as a rule, take many potent drugs (some patients have six or more drugs at the same time), which creates difficulties in taking into account drug interactions and in preventing side effects.
There is probably a link between creativity and bipolar disorder, which Vincent Van Gogh suffered as well. In the illustration of his painting "Starry Night"
The dark triad in psychology is a group that includes three personality traits: narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy. The definition of "dark" indicates a malicious, negative for surrounding features of these features.
Narcissism is characterized by pretentiousness, pride, narcissism and lack of empathy.
Machiavellianism includes the manipulation and exploitation of others, a cynical disregard for morality, a focus on self-interest and deceit.
The main features of psychopathy are asocial behavior, impulsiveness, selfishness, heartlessness and ruthlessness.
All three traits are associated with a heartlessly-manipulative interpersonal style. As a result of factor analysis conducted at Glasgow Caledonian University, it was found that, among the “Big Five,” the goodwill trait is poorly represented in the dark triad, while neuroticism and dishonesty have a direct connection with some of them.
Scientists from the United States have proved that there is more good in people than evil. The research results are published by the Frontiers website.
Psychologists gathered groups of volunteers from different parts of America and conducted personality tests.
1518 people took part in the survey. Scientists wanted to understand which triad of features prevails in these people - dark or light.
The dark triad of personality is a group of traits that includes narcissism, macchiatallism and psychopathy. Scientists have included humanism, Kantianism (people are perceived not as a means of achieving a goal, but as an end in themselves) and faith in goodness in the antonym bright triad.
First, volunteers answered traditional questions about the level of education, the financial side of life, marital status, etc. Then, psychologists alternately measured the prevalence of dark and light features in them.
It turned out that on average, people are 1.3 times closer to the light triad than to the dark. There were practically no real "villains" in the sample.
Scientists note that the light triad does not exclude the dark, and vice versa. A person may have signs of both groups of features, but one of them inevitably predominates.
Via frontiersin.org & wiki