Scientists have proved that there are more good people in the world than bad people
Bipolar affective disorder ( abbreviated BAR; earlier - manic-depressive psychosis, MDP; initially - circular psychosis ) - endogenous mental disorder, manifested in the form of affective states: manic ( or hypomanic ) and depressive ( or subdepressive ), and sometimes mixed states . Various variants of mixed states are possible.
These conditions, called episodes or phases of the disease, periodically replace each other almost without the influence of external circumstances (that is, “endogenously”), directly or through “bright” intervals of mental health (intermissions, also called interphases), with or without almost no decrease in mental functions , even with a large number of transferred phases and any duration of the disease. In intermissions, the psyche and personal characteristics of the patient are fully restored. However, it should be noted that patients with bipolar disorder often (in about 75% of cases) suffer from other, concomitant, mental disorders (this can be, for example, anxiety disorder).
In the American classification of mental disorders, DSM-5, bipolar affective disorder is called ип type bipolar disorder ( English Bipolar I Disorder ) and Ⅱ type bipolar disorder ( English Bipolar II Disorder ). The second type is characterized by the presence of only hypomanic and depressive episodes - without manic.
Treatment of BAD is a difficult task, as it requires a detailed understanding of psychopharmacology. Patients with bipolar disorder usually take a lot of potent drugs (some patients have six or more drugs at a time), which makes it difficult to take into account drug interactions and to prevent side effects.
There is probably a connection between creativity and bipolar disorder, which Vincent Van Gogh also suffered. In the illustration, his painting "Starry Night"
The dark triad in psychology is a group that includes three personality traits: narcissism, Machiavellianism and psychopathy. The definition of "dark" indicates malicious, negative for others features of these traits.
Narcissism is characterized by pretentiousness, pride, narcissism and lack of empathy.
Machiavellianism includes the manipulation and exploitation of others, the cynical neglect of morality, focusing on one's own interests and deceit.
The main features of psychopathy are asocial behavior, impulsivity, selfishness, heartlessness and ruthlessness.
All three traits are associated with a heartless-manipulative interpersonal style. As a result of a factor analysis conducted at Glasgow Caledonian University, it was found that among the Big Five, the benevolence trait is poorly represented in the dark triad, while neuroticism and dishonesty are directly related to some of them.
Scientists from the United States have proved that there is much more good in people than evil. The results of the study are published by the Frontiers website.
Psychologists gathered volunteer groups from different parts of America and conducted personality tests.
The survey involved 1518 people. Scientists wanted to understand whether the triad of traits prevails in these people - dark or light.
The dark triad of personality is a group of traits that includes narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy. Scientists included humanism, Kantianism (people are perceived not as a means of achieving an end, but as an end in itself) and faith in goodness in the antonymic bright triad.
At first, volunteers answered traditional questions about the level of education, the financial side of life, marital status, etc. Then, psychologists alternately measured the prevalence of dark and light features in them.
It turned out that on average people are 1.3 times closer to the light triad than to the dark one. There were practically no real "villains" in the sample.
Scientists note that the bright triad does not exclude the dark, and vice versa. A person may possess features of both groups of traits, but one of them inevitably prevails.
Via frontiersin.org & wiki