Food myths that you need to stop believing
The topic of food has always been and will be extremely relevant and endless myths are steadily forming around it. Some of them had to be refuted by scientific means.
Our ancestors did not know so much about food and the effect various foods have on our bodies. The digital age has opened up new opportunities for man to study himself and his body. True, there is a downside: a huge amount of information wanders from mouth to mouth, which provokes the emergence of numerous myths about food.
Fortunately, recently, most of these contradictions have been successfully debunked, giving way to reliable information. Scientific discoveries, research, the emerging culture of rational and conscious consumption allow you to learn more relevant information about food and its nutritional properties.
We have compiled a list of the most common myths about food, in which you need to stop believing, because science itself has refuted them. Do not let yourself be fooled!
Myth (ancient Greek. Speech, word; tale, tradition) is a narration that conveys the ideas of people about the world, the place of a person in it, about the origin of everything, about gods and heroes.
Food (Food) - what they eat, what they eat - any substance suitable for eating and drinking living organisms to replenish energy reserves and essential ingredients for the normal course of chemical metabolic reactions: proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and trace elements. Nutrients enter the living organism, where they are absorbed by the cells in order to produce and accumulate energy, support vital activity, as well as ensure growth and maturation. Usually food is divided by origin into plant and animal. In relation to the nutrition of domesticated animals, the notion of food is widespread and used. The area of human activity related to cooking is called cooking (kitchen craft).
The main purpose of food is to be a source of energy, renewable materials (for example, water) and “building material” for the organism, however, the factor of enjoying pleasure (hunger satisfaction) from food is also important in human nutrition.
You can not use wood chopping boards
At one point, everyone abruptly declared a taboo on wood chopping boards. Real aesthetes and lovers of natural materials were mourned, but were forced to accept it, because the argument was weighty. There is information that when cutting meat and poultry on the board, there are microscopic scratches and grooves in which bacteria are concentrated.
Research conducted by scientists from the University of California, proved that it is not. Regardless of the material of the board, it is important to carefully care for it and disinfect its work surface. That's the whole secret!
Salt water boils faster
On numerous websites, the authors share culinary live hacks and tips that will teach you to masterfully prepare in minutes. The statement that salt water boils much faster than usual was very popular.
Chemistry also proves the opposite: no matter how much salt is in the water, it doesn’t affect the boiling point of water. This makes it a completely new way to look at the chemistry lessons at school and be upset that the academic performance on this subject left much to be desired.
Fat-free foods are healthier.
Fats terrify modern people. They are accused of all the troubles, so many try to exclude them from their diet as much as possible. This is not entirely true, but smart marketers quickly picked up this trend and launched a whole line of low-fat products: curds, dairy products, yogurts, kefir, and further down the list.
In fat-free products, unfortunately, there is little "good" fat and a lot of "harmful". Give preference to dairy products with a normal percentage of fat, nuts, seeds, fish.
The best source of calcium is dairy products.
Since childhood, the stereotype that milk is the best source of calcium, which is very useful for bone growth and health, lives in our heads. In fact, this element is quite a lot in the dark leafy greens - cabbage and spinach.
Magnesium and vitamin K, which are not found in milk, are also beneficial for bones. Where to find them? Again, leafy greens, almonds, cashews, oatmeal, potatoes. To strengthen bones, do not limit yourself to milk, but include other healthy foods in the diet.
On the day you need to drink at least 8 glasses of liquid
Unqualified nutritionists at one time advised thinners to drink at least 8 glasses of water a day. Such sacrifices are useless, because we are all different. For someone, this amount of fluid is too much. Focus on your feelings and sensations.
Make it a rule to drink a glass of water half an hour before meals and drink during workouts. This is the minimum from which to start. Later, your body itself will require the required amount of fluid.
Foods high in sodium are too salty to taste.
This is surprising, but not all foods high in sodium are equally high in salt. It is important to know if you follow the health, figure and are afraid of the development of hypertension and diabetes.
Salt and sodium are equally abundant in baking, convenience foods, fast food and sauces. As for the other products, you should carefully examine their composition in order to learn valuable information about the salt content.
Eggs raise cholesterol
Egg yolks are not as popular as squirrels. They say they increase the level of harmful cholesterol in the blood, which provokes the occurrence of diseases of the heart and blood vessels. Is it true?
Studies have found that the level of harmful cholesterol in the blood is affected by saturated fats and trans fats. In the eggs of these substances is not so much. So, in one average egg contains about 1.5 grams of fat, and trans fats and not at all. Only an insignificant part of cholesterol gets into the blood, which in no way can affect the health of the cardiovascular system with moderate consumption.
Aluminum materials adversely affect health
In the last century in America, a study was conducted in which patients with Alzheimer's disease were found to have a high aluminum content in the brain. This information caused a wide resonance in the community. As a result, aluminum cookware and foil have become undesirable attributes in the kitchen.
Many years later, different scientists independently conducted a series of studies, but did not confirm these guesses. It was proved that all aluminum is processed by the kidneys and excreted in the urine, so it can not provoke the occurrence of Alzheimer's disease.
Crust "seals" all juices in meat
You'd be surprised, but this culinary life hack is based on a study that took place in the XIX century. German chemist Justus von Liebig conducted an experiment with cooking meat.
He cooked one piece in water and cooked another on a hot surface simulating a modern oven. The fried meat turned out to be more succulent, as a result of which Liebig decided that the crust made him so, “sealing” all the juices inside. Although in reality, in the first case, all the juices were simply boiled from meat.
In the 21st century, Harold McGee, author of The Food and Cooking, repeated this experience. He tried to bake two pieces of meat: with a crust and without. The result surprised him: the meat without a crust turned out to be more juicy and tender.
You can not eat after six
This is the most insidious and dangerous myth that you can imagine. With the modern rhythm of life, many of us go to bed after midnight. If people do not eat after six, they will not be able to fall asleep from the raging hunger and rumbling in the stomach.
We share updated data: the last meal should take place 3-4 hours before bedtime and should be easy. Exactly so much time is needed for a person's stomach to calmly process food and be able to rest.
Energy drinks give energy
Fried food leads to heart attacks.
It is necessary to eat in small portions and often
Vitamin C saves you from the flu or the common cold.
Coffee is bad for the heart
Carrots are only healthy raw.
Carbonated drinks are harmful
Spices can cause ulcers
Alcohol kills brain cells