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History of Economic Studies - Kornіychuk L.Ya.

2. The economic concept of P. J. Proudhon

P'єr Joseph Proudhon (1809–1865) - having been born to the French Misty Besanconi in a simulated brewer. Studying in college, practicing work with drunkarn, engaging in self-awareness. 1840 p. look at the Paris book “What is the power”, in the state criticism of capitalism and the widow of the bourgeoisie, having voted yours, the faded “power is the whole property”. 1846 p. win seeing the book "The System of Extra-Superfluous Abo Philosophy of Evilness", by Yak K. Marx vidpovіv his pracey "Evil Philosophy."

Proudhon’s creative work contains a system of economical glances, the basis of which is recognized as the main idea of ​​socialist bourgeois socialism. At the upcoming prazakh vіn rosroblya, design "reform" of capitalism. In order to reform Proudhon, we are able to work through the wikup with robots of interests in the bourgeoisie, the development of the main business and the main principles, in which they will be able to offer their products and services.

1848 p. Proudhon was formed a member of the National Zborіv vіd Parisian robots. At the forefront of the project, introduce a draft reform of the reform and the creation of the People's Bank, but the project has not been approved. 1849 p. Proudhon himself, having earned the test of the idea of ​​establishing the “People's Bank” in life through the organization of a joint-stock partnership, Alevona appeared to be inconclusive (the bank gave two months). Not far off Bula і yogo dіyalіst yak vidavtsya newspapers. For informing the gostr of criticism of the capitalism of Proudhon dvіchі zaareshtovuvali.

Methodology of Proudhon of the Pride of Idealism and Sub'ktivism. The economic category of vision is like that of the “absolute mind”, like the ideal of ideas, the reality of the reality of reality. Imagine being stuck in a pre-existing Hegelian dialectical method, Proudhon is intermingled, by the day and night, in the categories and economic processes of “kindness” and “trash” of the party. From now on, the economic categories and the economic manifestations of the wisdom of the eye are not just one of the superlative ones, but the mechanical ones of the renewal of the protracted authorities. Keruyuchis such an approach, Proudhon respecting, you can wait a long time to take care of the good side, and take refuge in trash. As a matter of fact, there are economical categories, as well as capitalistic virology as a whole.

Theory of value . Validity Proudon of rosy look є I like the most abstract category, which є have two abstract prototype ideas: ideas for living values ​​and ideas for basic values. Mizhzhuyu living cіnnіstyu іnіmuyu іsnnіstu іsnuє "antinomiya" - protilinezhnost. I can live up to the idea of ​​wealth, prosperity, and new life — the image of blame.

The reconciliation of these super-responsive parties with the synthesis of healthy new values ​​in Proudhon has been constituted, but synthetic value is constituted. Vaughn to be in exchange. Obmіn, writing Proudhon, about the elemental elements of bagatism, with the opening gallows of virobnitztva, in one place. It’s about to rob the value of constitution.

In the process of exchange, for the market, there is a good product. One of them is the suspension of visas for value and including up to the warehouse of suspended baggage. Інші - ні. I am creating a combination of the elements of bagatism, which is less than the “law of proportionality of values” more than prac. Whatever the law, Proudhon called constitutionally synthetic proportionality.

From now on, there is constitutionality, at the thought of Proudhon, the winery in exchange for that and obyazykovo will be realized in the market. There’s a constitutional fact that transferring anger, a combination of the elements of bagatism are the same, a synthetic one, of knowing the last of the same values, a proportionate share of the resultant of the resulting loss.

For long-term difficulties of commodity distribution (overstock, disproportionately) it is necessary, for the thought of Proudhon, leather goods to be established by constitutional value, to guarantee their realizatsiyu. With their theory of constitutional values, Proudhon is reckoned with. Assist in the super-conditions of capital goods and goods, the super-goods and goods are penniless, which put pressure on the very goods of power, fraught with pennies.

Proudhon’s theory of values ​​is important because it’s important to have a new concept of labor concept and visibility. Two values ​​are exchange and exchange.

Economic program of Proudhon. Yak the other bourgeois ideologist Proudhon zv'yazuvav reasons for the difficulties of the other virobnik with shortcomings, with a problem zbutu. The main reason for the gossip and injustice is the ogoloshuє deception and the penny. І з поз иц х иц иц иц иц иц ра ек оном оном оном оном програм програм програм програм через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через через.

Proudhon wants to safeguard commodity virobnitstvo, in some way to rock the pinnacle of human freedom and special independence. There is a great deal of power and the transmission of great virology in power of collective collectives. Panuvannya of other goods and equipment, at one thought, to enlarge the exchange of products with products for labor equivalent. In order to get more information about the products sold, Proudhon dropping it, it’s already been indicated, having tested the opening bank - “People’s Bank” with a test. The Bank has accepted the bi-merchandise merchandise and the kind of bi-merchandise work, “robotic pennies”, as well as technical assistance, and the product has been purchased. For the price of “pennies”, the product collector and holding a bi in a bank will need a new comrade. To the rescuers of “working pennies”, the substitution of the real ones Proudon was able to become in suspension and to be honest, to take advantage of the operation, to lose leather, to save the amount of “good” goods.

Many other bourgeois and blind boulevards were created due to the lack of certainty of Proudhon of such categories, as pennies, goods, liabilities, capital and the most important days, due to the fact that there is a reform of them.

The capital Proudhon is crucial to the way, it’s penniless, we respect the pro-complete form of capital letters. Percentage on the Proudhon Duma is one and the same form, in which it is unpaid for the great praise of the robot. Pribon rozglyadka jakak as a kind of an inborn pay.

Oskilki the economic basis for the operation of Proudhon є interest, then lower interest rates “primitive laws” and reduced to zero - all the hardships to the extent that robots have gained their product. I am cursing with such a logic, winding up the idea of ​​“free credit”. Vistupayuchi against pennies, Proudhon drove a water hour through a bank to robots and commodity workers for an hour without interest on a penny. Giving a “free credit” to usability is possible to give a penny percent interest and by ourselves, to the thought of Proudhon, and liquidation of exploitation.

A commitment to such reform (giving all the skin and “free credit”) should not be less “angry,” be less than labor, be more productive, be sure to be more reliable , and to know dzherela konflіktіv.

Proudhon is an adversary of the bourgeois democracy and the monarchy, so the communism. With the help of the strength of the suspension of winnings, the class of others is viral, economically, the basis of which can become the other is power and the kind of entrapment, isolation. The youngest members are not guilty of being intercessed in the late sovereign-suspension organizations. Proudhon zagagali vistupaє against the power. The sound of the middle of the state thanks to the state through the exchange and exchange of assistance.

The other bourgeois socialism of Proudhon is significantly broader in the other half of the 19th century. in bagatokh єEuropeysky territories. Yoga ideals were spoken by the bakunists, and by the year of anarcho-syndicalism.