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Bottom relief, depth differences, pits, whirlpools, shallows, Dnieper river fairway

Карта речки Днепр

Dnieper (Belorussian. Dnipro, Dnieper, Ukrainian Dnіpro, Dnіper) - the third longest river after the Volga, Danube and the third river basin in Europe, has the longest channel within Ukraine. The length of the Dnieper in its natural state was 2285 km, now (after the construction of the cascade of reservoirs), when the fairway was straightened in many places - 2201 km; within Ukraine - 1121 km, within Belarus - 595 km (115 km are on the border territory of Belarus and Ukraine), within Russia - 485 km. The basin area is 504,000 km², of which 291,400 km² are within Ukraine. The average water flow rate is 1670 m³ / s.

Before we begin to study the topography and structure of the bottom, we need to think about whether it makes sense to study the bottom where we are? This is not an idle question, fish, as you know, is not evenly distributed across the reservoir. People also do not live anywhere, guided by some considerations.

Bottom relief, depth differences, pits, whirlpools, shallows, Dnieper river fairway

Chernobyl region Kosachivka district
Chernobyl district (1.4Mb) ​​Kosachivka district (0.7Mb)
Lyutezh district Lebedevka district Lyutezh district (0.6 Mb) Lebedevka district (0.45 Mb)
Kiev area (right) Kiev area (left) Kiev district (right) (0.19Mb) Kiev region (left) (1.0Mb)
Ukrainian region Pereslav area Karagul district Ukrainka district (1.7Mb)
Pereslav district (0.65Mb)
Karagul district (0.14Mb)
Kanev region Lepleno district Kanev region (1.58Mb)
Leplino district (0.6Mb)
Svidovok district Cherkasy district Veremeevka district Svidovok district (0.99Mb)
Cherkasy region (1.3Mb)
Veremeevka district (1.3Mb)
Sagunovka area Chigirin district Kremenchug district Komsomolsk district Sagunovka area (0.37Mb)
Chigirin area (1.2Mb)
Kremenchug district (1.6Mb) Komsomolsk district (0.39Mb) Mishurin Rog district (1.6Mb) Orlik district (1.85Mb) district Mishurin Rog Orlik area
Verkhnedneprovsk region (0.45Mb)
Dneprodzerzhinsk district (1.15Mb)
Verkhnedneprovsk district Dneprodzerzhinsk district Dnepropetrovsk region
Dnipropetrovsk region (1.22Mb) Troops area (1.27Mb)
Military District
Zaporizhia region (1.22Mb) Vasilievka district (0.9Mb) Zaporozhye area
Energodar district (1.3Mb) Nikopol district , Kamenka (1.48Mb) Zolotaya Balka district (0.47Mb) Golden Beam District Nikopol area Energodar district district of Vasilyevka, Dnieper
Lepetikhi district (1.23Mb)
Kaira district (0.52Mb)
Lepetiha district
district of New Kakhovka (0.9Mb) district of Kherson (0.6Mb)
Antonovka area New Kakhovka district Kaira District Antonovka area (0.38Mb)
Stanislav district (0.76Mb)
Ochakovo district (1.48Mb)
Ochakovo district district of Stanislava Kherson district

Cards list

Chernobyl region (0.59Mb)
Kosachivka district (0.4Mb)
Lyutezh district (0.28Mb)
Lebedevka district (0.2Mb)
Kiev region (right) (0.28Mb)
Kiev region (left) (0.28Mb)
Ukrainka district (0.7Mb)
Pereslav district (0.15Mb)
Karagul district (0.14Mb)
Kanev region (0.58Mb)
Leplino district (0.3Mb)
Svidovok district (0.5Mb)
Cherkasy region (0.54Mb)
Veremeevka district (0.56Mb)
Sagunovka area (0.37Mb)
Chigirin area (0.56Mb)
Kremenchug district (0.72Mb)
Komsomolsk district (0.22Mb)
Mishurin Rog area (0.73Mb)
Orlik district (0.7Mb)
Verkhnedneprovsk region (0.21Mb)
Dneprodzerzhinsk district (0.47Mb)
Dnipropetrovsk region (0.49Mb)
Troops area (0.54Mb)
Zaporizhia region (0.56Mb)
Vasilievka district (0.6Mb)
Energodar region (0.61Mb)
Nikopol district , Kamenka (0.54Mb)
Zolotaya Balka district (0.3Mb)
Lepetikhi district (0.6Mb)
Kaira district (0.33Mb)
New Kakhovka district (0.45Mb)
Antonovka area (0.24Mb)
Kherson district (0.49Mb)
district of Stanislav (0.58Mb)
Ochakovo district (0.66Mb)

Choosing a fishing place It is known that fish loves exoticism, that is, those places that are somewhat different from the surrounding reality.

The riverbed of the riverbed is easy to identify by the beacons that mark the fairway. If the river is not navigable and there are no beacons, then the channel passes closer to the steep bank than to the gentle. If the banks are the same, then closer to the right bank (due to Coriolis acceleration for the northern hemisphere). In the bend of the river, the channel is closer to the outer bank of the bend. From the side of the shallow shore, the edges of the channel may not exist; the depth will simply gradually increase.

Speed ​​of the current The speed of the current increases at the narrowing of the river. If the flow velocity does not noticeably increase here, then the depth increases here. If the flow velocity increases without narrowing the river, then the depth decreases here. A strip with faster surface currents on the surface of the river shows where the channel passes. In calm weather, a section with constant ripples in the water shows a sandbank. A section of the riverbed with a slower course shows a pit.

Pits A pit is a significant depression in the relief of the bottom of the river with clearly expressed components.

Perekaty Perekaty is called a shallow area in the riverbed. As a rule, at rifts, the line of change of depth is perpendicular (or almost perpendicular) to the direction of the current.

Scythe is called a narrow strip of land going from the shore, passing under the water into a sandbank.

Suvod Suvod is called the circular movement of water over whirlpools or in backwaters, sometimes a spout with a pronounced strong backward flow is sometimes called suvod.

Bank Bank called underwater sandbank. In the relief of the bottom of the river, especially if the rivers are with a strong current, and the soil through which they flow is composed of soft rocks, banks are not found so often, usually in backwaters and bays or as a continuation of braids.

Via darfish.oriontv.net & wiki