These tables will help you learn English, even if you are not good at languages.
English language ( self-name - English, the English language) is the language of the Anglo-Frisian subgroup of the western group of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family. English is the most important international language, which is a consequence of the colonial policy of the British Empire in the 19th century and US global influence in the 20th-21st centuries. There is a wide variety of dialects and dialects of the English language.
English arose in the early Middle Ages as the language of part of the Germanic tribes that invaded Britain. It became native to the majority of the population of Great Britain, and with the territorial growth of the British Empire spread to Asia, Africa, North America and Australia. After independence by the British colonies, English remained either the mother tongue of the majority of the population (USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand), or one of the official languages (India, Nigeria). English is studied in educational institutions of many countries as a foreign language.
Especially for our interested readers, we have prepared a selection of useful tables that will help in mastering the basics of the English language. The most useful are based on the methodology of Dmitry Petrov. They can be printed out and embedded in your workbook so that visual examples are always at hand.
The article - in a number of natural languages (the so-called article languages) is one of the service parts of speech used as part of a noun phrase (phrases in which the main word is a noun or its grammatical counterpart) to express a number of linguistic meanings, including the category of certainty - uncertainties in relation to the field of knowledge of the speaker / writer and addressee of the speech (see. "Reference").
Use this simple table so that you do not have problems with the correct setting of the articles.
Present Simple Tense
Present Simple Tense is a grammatical tense, which is considered one of the easiest to understand, because, present simple tense exists in all languages.
If you just started reading or writing in English, you should say only what you can say (simple sentences that you have seen many times), and not what you want to say (complex sentences).
The construction of sentences in English is difficult for many. Using this table, you can easily build simple sentences.
12 times of English
One of the main tasks in the study of any foreign language is the development of temporary forms of the past, present and future tense . Their correct application in certain situations, it brings a person closer to free and correct communication in the language being studied. At first glance, it might seem a difficult task to assimilate them, since there are only twelve temporary forms in the English language, but they all have a completely understandable structure and logic.
All temporary forms in the English language have a very simple and understandable structure. For example, the development of the temporary form of simple time (Simple Tenses) makes it possible to easily understand the principle of formation of all other temporary forms.
Such a table will help to learn 12 times of the English language not only for children, but also for adults.
Prepositions are used with nouns or pronouns and stand in front of them, forming a phrase that performs the function of an indirect complement or circumstance in a sentence.
Postpositions (they are also abandoned prepositions) are used with the verb and stand behind it, while after them the already mentioned noun is meant, for example: What are you talking about? “What are you talking about?”, This bed looks as if it has been slept in “This bed looks like they were sleeping in it,” This is the book (that) I told you about “This is the book that I’m talking about I told you. "
To master the technique of using prepositions in English, 2 simple tables will help.
Irregular verb - a verb whose conjugation paradigm deviates from the typical paradigms of a given language. As a rule, the most commonly used verbs become irregular verbs, partially preserving the remnants of ancient forms lost by other verbs. Especially often they are auxiliary verbs, for example, connectives. Sometimes in the conjugation of irregular verbs, suppletivism is observed.
Irregular verbs are most typical of inflected languages, for example, Indo-European. In agglutinative languages, irregular verbs are usually very few, and sometimes they are completely absent.
Many have many difficulties with learning irregular English verbs . We offer you a simple way to remember the most used verbs.
Indirect speech is a syntactic way of introducing someone else’s speech into your speech while preserving the main content of the statement, presented as an explanatory subordinate part of a complex sentence and which is formally dependent on the phrase of the person transmitting it. Joining the main part of the sentence is carried out using various conjunctions and connecting words. The choice of a means of communication of indirect speech with the rest of the complex sentence depends on what kind of meaning is laid by the transmitter in the quoted statement.
Indirect speech itself is not reproduced on behalf of the host of the narration, in contrast to the personal forms of pronouns and verbs attached to it, and is transformed according to certain rules. The main part of a complex sentence with indirect speech is the introductory words of the author, creating a kind of syntactic center of the speech structure. In some cases, indirect speech cannot fully convey the coloring or even the meaning of the direct from which it is formed, since indirect speech cannot, for example, use imperative forms of a verb, interjection, or appeal. In written text, indirect speech is not indicated by quotation marks.
A simple table for those who have difficulty with the formation of indirect speech in English.
Basic table of verbs based on the methodology of Dmitry Petrov
The first and most fundamental table of the methodology of Dmitry Petrov is the basic table of verbs. It is she who serves as the foundation of the whole technique.
In English, there is no difference between contacting another person for you and you, only one form is used - you.
Verb forms TO BE based on the methodology of Dmitry Petrov
The most common verb in the English language about the verb - to be - to be, is, is.
In English, the presence of the verb tobe is required! Even if the sentence cannot be translated into Russian.
Table verb TO BE + ING based on the methodology of Dmitry Petrov
Gerund (gerund ['dʒeɹənd]) is a non-personal form of the verb formed with the ending `` -ing' 'and combines the grammatical features of the noun and the verb. Problems of translation into Russian arise when it becomes necessary to understand what part of speech in Russian is responsible for English gerund. It so happened that in Russian there is no form similar to gerund, however there are nouns derived from verbs. The main guideline can be the suffixes -n, -tie, -ka, -stage and verbs in indefinite form, for example: swimming → swimming, singing → singing, building → construction, running → running.
In order to form gerund, you need an infinitive of the verb (for example: to cook), to which you need to add the ending -ing (→ cooking). To form a negative form of gerund, you need to put a particle not in front of it.
Remember that gerund has both the signs of a verb and the signs of a noun, while the article in front of it is not used, and the plural is not formed.
A simplified table of verbs based on the methodology of Dmitry Petrov
English pronouns based on the methodology of Dmitry Petrov
The pronoun (lat. Pronomen) is an independent part of speech, which indicates objects, signs, quantity, but does not name them, that is, it replaces the noun, adjective, numeral and verb.
The classification of pronouns is carried out according to their semantics, morphological characteristics and syntactic roles.
The full structure of pronouns based on the methodology of Dmitry Petrov
English days of the week based on the methodology of Dmitry Petrov
English months based on the methodology of Dmitry Petrov
Useful helper tables
Question words in English
Nouns and Objects of the Pronouns
Possessive Pronouns Added
English place prepositions
English words parasites
Via kefline.ru & english-polyglot.com & wiki