What happens to our Earth? I warn you, this is not a pleasure to watch!
Don't worry, nothing happens.
It's just another bag, another sorbet, a plastic cup, a bath, a diaper, a bottle, a wrapper, a card ...
And so do millions of other people think with you.
Pollution (of the environment, the natural environment, the biosphere) is the introduction into the environment (the natural environment, the biosphere) or the emergence in it of new, usually not characteristic physical, chemical or biological agents (pollutants), or the excess of their natural average long-term level in various environments leading to negative impacts.
In determining the main subject, anthropogenic and natural pollution is isolated. The main objects are soils, atmosphere and reservoirs. The classification by type of pollution is based on four components: mechanical, physical, chemical and biological. At that time, when classifying by scale, local, regional, and global pollution are distinguished [
- Biological - the pollutants are organisms, the introduction and reproduction of which is undesirable in nature both for humans and for ecosystems as a whole. Penetration can occur naturally, and in some cases is a consequence of human activity. As part of the isolated microbiological contamination.
- Mechanical - pollution by chemically and physically inert garbage of the environment, which, as a rule, leads to deterioration of its qualities and affects the organisms living in it. In reality, mechanical pollution comes in conjunction with physical and chemical effects.
- Physical - a pollutant leads to a change in the physical parameters of the environment, including temperature and energy (thermal pollution), wave (light, noise, electromagnetic pollution), radiation (radioactive pollution), and some others.
- Chemical - a pollutant leads to a change in the natural chemical properties of the medium, expressed in increasing their concentration, or to the penetration of substances that were absent in the medium before. An example of chemical pollution is aerosol.
The planet has become too dirty
It is interesting to know which house we live in? Our home is the planet Earth, where the air we breathe, the water we drink, the land we walk on and that feeds us. Many people are completely bogged down in their work, their entertainment, and they see nothing around. Although, it's time to open your eyes and see that our house is close to destruction. And no one is to blame, except for each of us.
American environmental researchers have studied natural changes for 6 years. After the deadline, they said that it is no longer possible to live clean; everything on the planet is polluted.
Thanks to a study worth six million dollars, we managed to find out that toxic industrial wastes had already polluted everything. According to the scientists, in the territory of 20 national parks of the USA there are at least 70 varieties of toxic substances.
Michael Kent, a professor of natural sciences at the University of Oregon, condemns the dirty intentions of toxic substances to pollute everything that is worth. "It is difficult to find more remote areas than the northern areas of Alaska and the peaks of the Rocky Mountains, but even there we found pollutants," the scientist explains.
Meanwhile, the United States is the leader in industrial emissions. In second place are Saudi Arabia and Indonesia. At the last Bali Conference, all three countries were awarded anti-prestige for their inability to keep the area clean. In the role of the award were small, filled with coal, bags of flowers of the national flag.
Solving the environmental problem at the state level in the world is not accepted. Thus, according to the results of the research of the Carbon Disclosure Project, only commercial structures solve the problem of emissions into the atmosphere, while the authorities of the state cut down good intentions in the bud. Speaking in numbers, 80% of companies see climate change as a significant risk for doing business. But they are aware of the seriousness of the situation and are working on its solution - 95% of commercial organizations.
The Greatest Garbage Dump On The Planet
In the Pacific Ocean, the plastic soup is growing terribly quickly - a floating strip of garbage, and, according to scientists, by this time it is twice the area of the continental US.
Back in 2004, the “island” weighed about 3 million tons, which is six times the amount of natural plankton. And in size corresponded to the territory of Central Europe. Four years later, the "island" afloat markedly "recovered."
This huge pile of floating debris is kept in one place under the influence of undercurrents having turbulence. The strip of "soup" stretches from a point about 500 nautical miles from the coast of California through the northern part of the Pacific Ocean past Hawaii and almost reaches distant Japan.
Actually, the "soup" is the two interconnected areas on both sides of the Hawaiian islands - they are called the West Pacific and East Pacific garbage spots. Approximately one fifth of the garbage — various differences from soccer balls and kayaks to Lego blocks and cellophane bags — is what is thrown from ships and oil platforms. The rest enters the ocean from land.
American oceanographer Charles Moore - the discoverer of this "great Pacific garbage can", it is also the "circulation-garbage", believes that about 100 million tons of floating trash are circling in this region. He warns that if consumers do not limit the use of plastic, which is not recycled, in the next ten years, the surface area of the plastic “soup” will double. This is due to the fact that modern plastic is practically not amenable to rotting, and at the North Pacific dump there are objects already half a century old.
The result is: "That which falls into the ocean turns out to be in the stomachs of the ocean inhabitants, and then - on your plate. Everything is very simple."
World Ocean Pollution
Uncontaminated man remained only 4% of the world's waters. As shown by the new atlas of the ecological state of the oceans, ten large areas were strongly affected. The most unexpected was the fact that different types of human activity, combining, cause significantly more damage to biodiversity than predicted by their simple addition.
Human activities — fishing, industrial and household waste, mining, and so on — have left an indelible mark on virtually every corner of the world's oceans. These are the findings of a new large-scale study, which for the first time enabled the creation of a map of world waters reflecting the degree of human intervention in natural ecosystems. Scientists have discovered that there are almost no water areas left unaffected by the king’s nature today, and 40% of the world's waters have been severely affected.
As a result of large-scale research work, humanity for the first time was able to see a complete picture of the consequences of its work on the development of what seemed to be the inexhaustible riches of the world's waters. The work supervisor, Ben Halpern, a researcher at the University of California at Santa Barbara, stresses that the resulting ocean pollution map reflects the cumulative effects of various types of human activity in nature. The cumulative effect of these effects was much worse than one could imagine by simple addition, and became an unpleasant surprise for Halpern himself.
Every year, by chance or intentionally, hundreds of tons of oil and fuel and lubricants enter the world ocean. The world's waters were subjected to the most devastating effects in the North, South and East China, Caribbean and Mediterranean seas, and the ecosystems of the Red and Bering seas and the Gulf of Mexico were seriously disturbed. A similar situation is observed along the entire east coast of the North American continent, as well as in the eastern Pacific Ocean. The least affected were the polar waters. However, due to the melting of the polar ice caps and they will soon be under threat.
Scientists note that different ecosystems have been affected by humans to varying degrees. Thus, about half of the coral reefs today are on the verge of extinction, the situation is also difficult with the thickets of seaweed - posidonium, seaside, water-colored and many others. The situation is bad with mangrove forests, ecosystems of sea shoals, rocky reefs and on the continental shelf. Bottom ecosystems and the inhabitants of the open ocean have suffered the least so far, but in most places they also experienced human impact.
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