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We understand the characters on the labels of clothing. Useful reminder

Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка

Symbols for the care of textiles are used for marking products (clothing and others) of textile materials. These symbols define the rules for the treatment of products for their proper operation by consumers, to prevent premature wear and damage.

Currently, these symbols are set by the international standard "ISO 3758: 2012. Textile products. Marking care with the use of characters ". There is an outdated, but acting in Russia, analogue of this standard - “GOST ISO 3758—2010. Textile products. Marking care symbols. / ISO 3758: 2005. Textiles - Care labeling code using symbols (IDT), published later than its original source.

Symbols are located on the product on a special label attached to it. The location of the label with the symbols of care, the fibrous composition of the fabric and other possible information is governed by GOST 10581—91 “Sewing products. Marking, packaging, transportation and storage ".

You have probably noticed more than once that on some of your things there are many different labels. On some clothes there are even more than 5-6. But they are attached to your things for a reason. It's time to start paying attention to them and then your favorite sweaters and pants will last much longer!

This useful memo will help you easily understand the meaning of symbols on labels.

Symbols for the care of textiles (useful memo)

Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка

Washing

Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Cleaning products with boiling. Products made of cotton and linen, white or colored resistant to boiling.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка
Cleaning products in hot water at 60 ° C. Products not resistant to boiling, for example, thin linen made of cotton or polyester fabrics.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памяткаРазбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Cleaning products with neutral detergents in warm water at a maximum temperature of 40 ° C. For example, dark colored or motley cotton, polyester and melange fabrics, fine linen from viscose and synthetic fibers.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка
Cleaning products with neutral detergents in cold water at a maximum temperature of 30 ° C. For example, wool products, suitable for washing in the machine (gentle washing).
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Only hand wash is allowed. Do not rub, do not wring out. Textiles that can not be washed in a washing machine. Washing temperature 30 ° C — 40 ° C depending on the product.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Do not wash. Products bearing this mark cannot be washed. They should be dry cleaned.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Washable.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Gentle wash. Accurately withstand the temperature of the water, do not expose to strong mechanical processing, with spinning - a slow centrifuge mode.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Delicate wash. Large amounts of water, minimal machining, quick rinsing.

Drying and spinning

Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Can be dried.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Do not dry (applies with Do Not Wash).
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка You can squeeze and dry in the washing machine or in an electric clothes dryer.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Do not squeeze and dry in a washing machine or electric dryer.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Do not wring out.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Dry at low temperature.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Dry at medium temperature.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Dry at high temperature.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Gentle pressing and drying.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Delicate spinning and drying.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Vertical drying.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Dry without spinning.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Dry on a horizontal surface.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Dry in the shade.

Ironing

Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Can be ironed.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Do not iron.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Iron at high temperature (up to 200 ° C). Cotton, linen, textiles in a wet state. Only in this mode, you can steam laundry.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка
Iron at medium temperature (up to 150 ° C). Cotton, silk, wool, polyester, viscose. Iron through a lightly moistened cloth or iron with a steam humidifier.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Iron at low temperature (up to 110 ° C). Synthetic fabrics: polyacryl, polyamide, polyester, acetate.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Do not steam.

Whitening and dry cleaning

Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Dry cleaning (dry cleaning).
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Dry cleaning is prohibited. (Do not dry clean).
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Dry cleaning with any solvent.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка
Cleaning with the use of hydrocarbons, ethylene chloride, monoflotrichloromethane.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка The line under the circle with the letter indicates the need to expose the product gentle cleaning.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Cleaning with hydrocarbon and triflotrichloromethane.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка The line under the circle with the letter indicates the need to expose the product gentle cleaning.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Can be bleached.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Do not bleach, do not use chlorinated detergents and laundry detergents with bleach.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Can be bleached using chlorine.
Разбираемся в символах на ярлыках одежды. Полезная памятка Bleach only without chlorine.

A label with recommendations for the care and operation of clothes (how to clean, wash, dry, iron (and whether these operations can be performed) should be on every thing.

Usually, there is also a tape indicating the ratio of fibers (raw material composition, in percent).

This information helps the consumer to preserve the look and color of textiles so that clothes wear longer.

Many of these conventional icons on the labels are not clear, the table shows the typical signs on the labels of clothing: cleaning, washing, drying, ironing clothes .

Via spb.ru & wiki