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No panic! How to behave in an emergency

Без паники! Как вести себя в чрезвычайной ситуации

An emergency is a situation in a certain territory that has developed as a result of an accident, natural hazard, catastrophe, natural or other disaster that could result in or result in human casualties, as well as damage to human health or the environment, significant material losses and violation of conditions vital activity of people.

Ukrainian legislation defines: the situation in a separate territory or business entity on it or a water body, which is characterized by a violation of normal living conditions caused by a catastrophe, accident, fire, natural disaster, epidemic, epizootic, epiphytosis, use of weapons or other dangerous event that led (may lead) to a threat to the life or health of the population, a large number of dead and injured, the task is significant material damage emblem, as well as the impossibility of giving birth to a population in such a territory or object, carrying out economic activity on it. "

It is very important to remain calm in any emergency. Unfortunately, often the danger lies in the fact that people commit rash actions that lead to their death. You definitely need to know what you will do next minute and what steps to take. However, try not to spend too much time on this, remember that delay in a dangerous situation also has serious consequences.

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Emergency Memo
Emergency Memo
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Emergency Memo
Emergency Memo

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Emergency Memo
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Emergency Memo
Emergency Memo
Emergency Memo
Emergency Memo
Emergency Memo

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Emergency Memo
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Emergency Memo

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Emergency Memo
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Emergency Memo

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Emergency Classification

Emergencies are classified according to their nature, scope, magnitude and extent of damage.

By the nature of the sources of occurrence:

  • natural
  • technogenic
  • environmental
  • biological and social nature

By area of ​​origin:

  • terrorist nature
  • humanitarian character

The classification of emergencies by scale is based on the size of the territory in which the emergency is spreading, the number of victims and the amount of damage. The scale of emergencies can be classified into:

  • Local character - an emergency zone (the territory in which the emergency occurred and the living conditions of people are violated) does not go beyond the territory of the facility, while the number of victims (people who died or have suffered damage to health) is not more than 10 people, or the amount of material damage ( the amount of damage to the environment and material losses) is not more than 100,000 rubles;
  • Municipal character - an emergency zone does not extend beyond the territory of one settlement or intracity territory of a city of federal significance, while the number of victims is not more than 50 people or the amount of material damage is not more than 5 million rubles, and an emergency cannot be attributed to an emergency local character;
  • Inter-municipal character - an emergency zone affects the territory of two or more settlements, intracity territories of a city of federal significance or inter-settlement territory, while the number of victims is not more than 50 people or the amount of material damage is not more than 5 million rubles;
  • Regional in nature - the emergency zone does not extend beyond the territory of one constituent entity of the Russian Federation, while the number of victims is more than 50 people, but not more than 500 people, or the amount of material damage is more than 5 million rubles, but not more than 500 million rubles;
  • Inter-regional nature - an emergency zone affects the territory of two or more constituent entities of the Russian Federation, while the number of victims is more than 50 people, but not more than 500 people, or the amount of material damage is more than 5 million rubles, but not more than 500 million rubles;
  • Federal character - the number of victims of more than 500 people or the amount of property damage is more than 500 million rubles.

The source of the emergency causes hazards or damaging processes. Damaging effects can have a different nature: mechanical, thermal, chemical, radiation, biological. [5] As a result, people, animals, equipment, objects and the environment are defeated.

The classification does not apply to emergencies arising from forest fires.

Information and alerts

To alert the public about an emergency, various technical means are used - sirens, broadcasting (for example, Weather Radio) and wired radio, sending SMS to mobile phones, television. In many developed countries, there is an automated centralized alert system.

This is the basic principle and the main and integral element of the whole system of measures for such protection. Information is made up of information about emergencies of a technogenic and natural nature, they are forecasted or arose, with a definition of their classification, distribution boundaries and consequences, as well as ways and methods of responding to them.

The notification of the threat of emergencies of a technogenic and natural nature and the constant informing of the population about them are provided by:

  • early creation and maintenance in constant readiness of national and territorial automated central warning systems for the population
  • organizational and technical connection of territorial systems of centralized warning and warning systems at business facilities
  • early creation and organizational and technical connection with monitoring and control systems of constantly operating local warning and information systems in areas of possible catastrophic flooding, areas of radiation and chemical plants, and other hazardous facilities
  • centralized use of national and industry communication systems, radio presenters, television alerts, broadcast networks and other technical means of transmitting information

Via ns-plus.com.ua & wiki