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The best recipes home shawarma

Лучшие рецепты домашней шаурмы

Shawarma, shawarma (Arabic), in some countries called doner kebab, doner kebab (tur.) Is a Middle Eastern (Levantine) dish of pita or pita bread stuffed with grilled meat and then minced meat (lamb, chicken, less often veal , turkey) with the addition of spices, sauces and salad of fresh vegetables. In non-Muslim countries can occur and pork. Used without the use of cutlery.

Shawarma - a dish of Arabic origin, which is an excellent snack. Shawarma is prepared using pita bread, sauces, salad and grilled meat. Shawarma at home is prepared easily and quickly, it is great for dinner, which, according to proper nutrition, should include protein and vegetables.

Cooking

For shawarma, meat is chosen - mutton, turkey, beef, chicken, and sometimes pork . Meat is roasted using a special technology in the vertical grills designed for this. The pieces are strung on a vertically located spit rotating around its axis and relative to the heating elements located along the spit. As the meat is fried, it is cut with a long knife (or with a special electric circular knife) in thin pieces that fall into the pan. These pieces are then further ground.

Together with the meat, sauce ( white garlic and red tomato ) and vegetables ( tomatoes, cabbage and cucumbers ) are added to the pita bread or pita filling.

Shawarma with mushrooms

Шаурма с грибами - Лучшие рецепты домашней шаурмы

Ingredients:

  • Pita bread - 3 pieces.
  • Champignon mushrooms - 200 grams.
  • Chicken fillet - 200 grams.
  • Gherkins - 100 grams.
  • Hard cheese - 150 grams.
  • White cabbage - 200 grams.
  • Carrots - 100 grams.
  • Cucumber - 1 piece.
  • Mayonnaise - 100 grams.
  • Ketchup - 100 grams.
  • Hops-suneli spice - to taste.

Cooking method:

  • Boil chicken fillet, cut into slices.
  • Rinse the mushrooms, chop, fry in a pan until cooked.
  • Mix ketchup and mayonnaise until smooth.
  • Cheese grate on a fine grater.
  • Cabbage finely chop the cucumber into slices.
  • Gherkins cut into cubes.
  • Pita bread with sauce, put the stuffing layers: meat, cabbage, carrots, cucumbers, gherkins.
  • Smear the filling, sprinkle with spice and grated cheese.
  • Wrap the pita bread in shawarma, put it on a baking sheet, cook in the oven for 3 - 5 minutes.

Hard cheese shawarma

Шаурма с твердым сыром - Лучшие рецепты домашней шаурмы

Ingredients:

  • Pita bread - 3 pieces.
  • Tomatoes - 3 pieces.
  • Chicken breast large - 1 piece.
  • Cucumbers - 2 pieces.
  • Cheese hard - 200 grams.
  • Mayonnaise and ketchup - to taste.
  • Curry, ground black pepper - to taste.
  • Korean carrots - 200 grams.
  • White cabbage - 200 grams.
  • Onions - 1 piece.

Cooking method:

  • Boil chicken breast until cooked, cool, cut into cubes.
  • Fry meat with curry and black pepper until golden brown.
  • Onion cut into half rings.
  • Cabbage chop straws.
  • Wash tomatoes, cut into slices.
  • Wash cucumber, cut into strips.
  • Cheese grate on a coarse grater.
  • Pita bread smear with ketchup and mayonnaise.
  • Put on pita bread stuffing: meat, cabbage, carrot, tomato, cucumber, onion, cheese.
  • Grease with mayonnaise and ketchup, wrap pita roll.
  • Heat the shawarma in the microwave so that the cheese melts.

Classic shawarma

Классическая шаурма - Лучшие рецепты домашней шаурмы

Ingredients:

  • Pita - 1 piece.
  • Tomato - 1 piece.
  • Cucumber - 1 piece.
  • White cabbage - 100 grams.
  • Chicken fillet - 1 piece.
  • Mayonnaise - 50 milligrams.
  • Sour cream - 50 milligrams.
  • Garlic - 3 - 4 cloves.
  • Adjika - 50 milligrams.

Cooking method:

  • Pita bread put on the surface of the table.
  • Prepare garlic sauce: mix mayonnaise with sour cream and crushed garlic cloves, mix and refrigerate for 30 minutes.
  • Lubricate the pita with a thin layer of sauce and adjika.
  • Boil chicken fillet until cooked, cut into small pieces and fry in a pan until golden brown.
  • Put the chicken on the pita. It is better to spread the stuffing not in the middle, but on 2/3 of the pita edge, so that it is convenient to twist it.
  • Cabbage chop, put near or on top of the meat.
  • Tomato and cucumber wash, cut into cubes (cucumber semicircle), put the vegetables on top of the meat and cabbage.
  • Liberally sprinkle the filling with sauce and adjika.
  • Wrap pita bread in shawarma.
  • Heat the shawarma in the microwave for 1 - 1.5 minutes, then put under the grill for a few minutes on each side so that the pita bread becomes crispy.

Shawarma with the addition of potatoes

Шаурма с добавлением картошки - Лучшие рецепты домашней шаурмы

Ingredients:

  • Pita - 1 piece.
  • Chicken fillet - 500 grams.
  • Onions - 1 piece.
  • French fries - 200 grams.
  • White cabbage - 150 grams.
  • Carrots - 100 grams.
  • Ketchup - 100 grams.
  • Mayonnaise - 150 grams.

Cooking method:

  • Wash chicken fillet, salt, pepper, wrap in foil.
  • Roast the fillet in the oven until cooked, cut the foil and cook for another 5 to 10 minutes to redden the meat.
  • Fry french fries if it is raw in a pan with an abundance of butter or deep-fried. Put the potatoes on a napkin so that it absorbs the excess oil.
  • Onions cut into small cubes.
  • Shred cabbage with a knife or shredder.
  • Pita bread put on a cutting board, smear with ketchup and mayonnaise.
  • Put on pita meat, french fries, cabbage, carrots and onions.
  • Top grease vegetables with mayonnaise and ketchup, wrap shawarma.
  • Put the shawarma on a baking sheet, heat in the oven until it turns red.

Shawarma without meat

Шаурма без мяса - Лучшие рецепты домашней шаурмы

Ingredients:

  • Pita bread - 2 leaves.
  • Fresh basil - 1 bunch.
  • Spinach - 300 grams.
  • Garlic - 1 clove.
  • Butter - 100 grams.
  • Cilantro - 1 bundle.
  • Mozzarella cheese - 100 grams.
  • Bulgarian pepper - 1 piece.
  • Ketchup - 100 grams.
  • Mayonnaise - 50 grams.

Cooking method:

  • Rinse cilantro, dry, chop finely.
  • Wash basil and spinach, let dry and tear finely with hands.
  • Peel garlic, crush garlic, add to mayonnaise and mix.
  • Melt the butter, smear a sheet of pita.
  • On top of the oil, grease the pita with mayonnaise with garlic and ketchup.
  • Lay out the pita bread with spinach and basil.
  • Mozzarella cheese cut into slices, put on the greens.
  • Bulgarian pepper washed, cleaned of seeds, cut into cubes, put on the cheese.
  • Put the cilantro on top of the cheese, sprinkle with ketchup and mayonnaise moderately.
  • Wrap the pita bread in a roll, heat it in a microwave for 2 minutes at 600 watts so that the cheese melts a little.

Shawarma without pita

Шаурма без лаваша - Лучшие рецепты домашней шаурмы

Ingredients:

  • Baguette - 1 piece.
  • Korean carrots - 100 grams.
  • Tomato - 1 piece.
  • Chicken leg - 300 grams.
  • Mayonnaise - 50 grams.
  • White cabbage - 150 grams.
  • Ketchup - 100 grams.
  • Salt, spices - to taste.

Cooking method:

  • Rinse the chicken ham, remove the bones, cut the meat into pieces.
  • Fry the meat in a pan until ruddy with salt and spices.
  • Cabbage chop, diced tomato.
  • Baguette cut into several pieces. Cut each piece on one side, open it, take out the flesh so that the walls are as thin as possible.
  • Grease baguette mayonnaise and ketchup over the entire surface.
  • Put carrots, cabbage, meat, tomato on the opened baguette.
  • Fold the baguette with the filling as tightly as possible so that it does not fall out.
  • Put the baguette on a greased pan, fry until crisp.

Shawarma with lettuce leaves

Шаурма с листьями салата - Лучшие рецепты домашней шаурмы

Ingredients:

  • Pita - 6 pieces.
  • Salad leaves - 300 grams.
  • Salt, spices - to taste.
  • Chicken fillet - 600 grams.
  • Garlic - 6 cloves.
  • Onions - 3 pieces.
  • Mayonnaise - 200 grams.
  • Tomatoes - 2 pieces.
  • Cucumbers - 2 pieces.
  • Dill - to taste.

Cooking method:

  • Onions to clear, cut into cubes. Fry the onions in a pan until transparent with the spices.
  • Wash chicken fillet, cut into slices, add to onions.
  • Finely chop the dill, add to the chicken, salt and pepper.
  • Fry the chicken until cooked for 15 minutes.
  • Tomato cut into cubes, cucumber - strips.
  • Wash lettuce leaves, dry and tear them with your hands.
  • Mix mayonnaise in crushed garlic, dill and spices. Stir the sauce.
  • Smear a sheet of pita bread, put cabbage on it, meat with onions and its juice, vegetables. Roll pita bread into roll.
  • Wrap shawarma in cling film, heat in a microwave for 1 minute.

Shawarma with minced meat

Шаурма с фаршем - Лучшие рецепты домашней шаурмы

Ingredients:

  • Pita - 4 pieces.
  • Minced meat - 300 grams.
  • Korean carrots - 200 grams.
  • Peking cabbage - 300 grams.
  • Tomatoes - 3 pieces.
  • Onions - 1 piece.
  • Salt, pepper to taste.
  • Mayonnaise - to taste.
  • Ketchup - to taste.
  • Cucumbers - 2 pieces.
  • Cheese hard - 200 grams.
  • Vinegar - 5 milligrams.

Cooking method:

  • Fry minced meat in a frying pan with salt and spices until tender.
  • Onion cut into half rings, pour over boiling water, pour vinegar for 30 minutes.
  • Tomato cut into slices, cucumber long straws.
  • Cheese grate on a coarse grater.
  • Chop the cabbage finely with a shredder.
  • Mayonnaise and ketchup mix in equal proportions in the sauce.
  • Smear with pita bread, put all the ingredients on it in layers.
  • Fold the pita bread into a roll, cook shawarma under the grill in a microwave oven 5 - 10 minutes before roasting.

Shawarma with sausage

Шаурма с колбасой - Лучшие рецепты домашней шаурмы

Ingredients:

  • Pita - 1 piece.
  • Cucumber - 1 piece.
  • Tomato - 1 piece.
  • Salami sausage - 200 grams.
  • Hard cheese - 100 grams.
  • Lettuce leaves - 1 bunch.
  • Dill and parsley - to taste.
  • Mayonnaise - 50 grams.
  • Ketchup - 50 grams.
  • Garlic - 2 cloves.

Cooking method:

  • Peel garlic, crush garlic, mix with mayonnaise and ketchup in the sauce.
  • Cucumber and tomato cut into circles or slices.
  • Hard cheese grate.
  • Cut the sausage into cubes, fry a little in a pan with spices.
  • Lettuce leaves wash and dry.
  • Finely chop greens.
  • Pita bread with sauce, put sausage, vegetables, pieces of lettuce leaves.
  • Sprinkle the stuffing with greens, hard cheese, smear with sauce.
  • Wrap the pita bread in shawarma, bake in the oven until crisp.

Shawarma with crab sticks

Шаурма с крабовыми палочками - Лучшие рецепты домашней шаурмы

Ingredients:

  • Pita - 1 piece.
  • Crab sticks - 150 grams.
  • Canned sardine - 1 bank.
  • Greens - to taste.
  • Tomato - 1 piece.
  • Cucumber - 1 piece.
  • White cabbage - 100 grams.
  • Mayonnaise and ketchup - to taste.

Cooking method:

  • Cabbage finely chop, mix with mayonnaise, so that it becomes a little softer and juicier.
  • Cut the cucumber into long strips.
  • Cut the tomato into slices.
  • Open a can of sardines, drain the liquid and mash the fish with a fork.
  • Crab sticks cut into cubes.
  • Wash greens, dry with paper towels, chop finely.
  • Pita bread with mayonnaise and ketchup, put the stuffing: cabbage, sardines, crab sticks, vegetables, greens.
  • Pour the filling with a small amount of ketchup and mayonnaise.
  • Wrap the pita bread in the roll, bake in the microwave under the grill until golden.

Names in different regions

Countries in alphabetical order:

  • In Azerbaijan, a tavern is called a dish with white sweet-sour sauce and pita bread, while a traditional shaverma is called doner kebab or simply doner (Azeri. Dönər).
  • In Algeria, Shawarma is called Dener .
  • In Armenia, this dish is called Karsi Horovats (Karski shish kebab). The karsky kebab is a large piece of meat on a skewer, from which pieces are gradually cut as they are cooked and wrapped in psacs (thin unleavened sheet “lavash”).
  • In Belgium, the name pita-durum is used (fr. Pita durum ), or simply durum (from Turkish dürüm - wrapped), if the filling is wrapped in thin pita bread, or simply pita (fr. Pita ), if the filling is put in half a pita.
  • In Bulgaria, the name duner is used, although in fact in Bulgaria only gyros are prepared .
  • In the UK, abbreviated as "kebab" from Turkish - Döner kebab .
  • In Germany, the name doner kebab (German Döner kebab ), or simply Döner, is used . The name durum is also used (from Turkish dürüm - wrapped) if the filling is wrapped in thin pita bread. There is also the name Turkish pizza (German Türkische Pizza).
  • In Greece and Crete, meat cooked on a vertical skewer is called gyros , and pita stuffed with this meat is gyros pita .
  • In Israel, the name Shawarma is used for the same dish, but due to the lack of voices in the usual Hebrew spelling, the reading of the “Shvar” is widespread; Arabs living in Israel pronounce it as shuarma . Served in a cake-pita, or in a thin pita - lafe. Native Jerusalemites call Laef “esthanur”. Favorite seasonings - hummus, sesame sauce, “amba” (liquid seasoning from pickled mango), spicy skug. In the Israeli shawarma are completely absent milk components in any form for reasons of kashrut.
  • In Iran, the dish is called "Turkish kebab" (Persian. کباب ترکی kabāb-e torki).
  • In Kazakhstan, the name shawarma is commonly used (shauyrma in kaz.) If the filling is wrapped in pita bread and doner (doner kebab) if the filling is put in half a pita.
  • The Lebanese name for shavermy is Kubba .
  • In Lithuania, the dish is simply called kebabas (lit. kebabas).
  • In Poland, the name kebab (from German. Dönerkebab ) is used, adjusted for Polish stress (always on the penultimate syllable).

In the CIS:

  • In the Far East (Khabarovsk, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk), the name is adopted - shawarma. In Blagoveshchensk - initially - shawarma. Now there are also names shawarma and donar.
  • In Central Siberia, the names adopted are shawarma and doner .
  • In Moscow, it is used as shaurma , and in St. Petersburg and Belgorod, the word shaverem is used . In the same place between St. Petersburg and Moscow in Tver, the word Shavarma is used . In Kaliningrad - shawarma , less often - shaurma . In St. Petersburg, there is a version of the dish "shawarma on a plate", which is almost a classic main dish. The composition of this dish includes meat, vegetables, seasonings and fried potatoes. In 2016, there can be observed and signs "shawarma".
  • In the Urals (Yekaterinburg, Perm) both names are accepted - shawarma for a dish where the filling is wrapped in psats, and shawarma when the half of pita is taken and filled with filling.
  • In the Southern Federal District (Rostov-on-Don, Krasnodar, Volgograd) the name shaurma is adopted .
  • In Pyatigorsk, as well as in other parts of the North Caucasus Federal District, the dish in the pocket of the cake (pita) is called (in Greek) gyro . To make it, meat is stuffed with a tortilla pocket, which is lightly fried on both sides and add chopped vegetables, fried potatoes, some greens, salad and sauce.
  • In North Ossetia, shawarma is called stuffed with beef (rarely pork or lamb), fresh vegetables, spices and pita bread, and chicken - tauk (“chicken” in Turkic). Slang name: shavuha, donya, scrolls.

Via fishki.net & wiki