How many meters should be to the fence, if a neighbor builds a new house, plants trees, creates other objects?
Not so many neighbors over the years have been able to maintain good-neighborly relations.
And, as a rule, the cause of the deterioration of the relationship was a new building or tree, which appeared directly to the common features. At the request of a little retreat from the fence, often you could hear only disagreement, which turned into prolonged arguments and quarrels.
In order to avoid such situations, it is necessary for each of us to be aware of the restrictions established by law and to immediately demand their observance.
So, the State Building Standards - DBN 79-92 “Residential houses for individual developers of Ukraine” - the following distances were established for green spaces:
- from the walls of buildings and structures to the tree axis - 5 m, for shrubs - 1.5 m;
- from the border of the adjacent plot to the tree axis - 3 m, for shrubs - 1 m.
However, it should be remembered that the branches of trees and bushes should not cross the boundaries of adjacent areas.
In the case of penetration of roots and branches of trees from one land plot to another, the owners of land plots on which branches and roots have the right to independently cut off the roots of trees and bushes that penetrate from a neighboring land plot if this is an obstacle to the use of a land plot.
Also, according to DBN 360-92 ** “Urban planning. Planning and building of urban and rural settlements ”, if there is no building on the other side of the border, the distance to the side border of the site from the most prominent wall structure should be at least 1 m .
At the same time, the necessary engineering and technical measures should be provided for, prevent precipitation from the roofs and eaves of buildings to the territory of adjacent land.
According to sanitary standards, toilets should be located no closer than 15 m from a dwelling house and a summer kitchen, and 20 m from a drinking well.
Requirements for fencing (height, structure, material) are established by local building regulations. The fence should pass along the border and should not create obstacles for the intended use of the neighboring land plot, obscure it, etc.
Also, owners and land users of land should choose such ways of using land in accordance with their intended purpose, in which owners, land users of neighboring land are less inconvenient: shading, smoke, unpleasant smells, and other noise pollution.
It is worth noting that the DBN today is losing force, since now such issues are no longer the competence of the central authorities, but are assigned to the powers of local governments.
Today, such standards are established in local building regulations or a project for building and improvement of a settlement, which are approved by the local council after coordination with the local city planning and architecture authority. But It is worth noting that the established norms of the former DBN fully find their displays in the acts of local authorities.
And if there are serious disputes regarding the compliance of neighbors with the rules of good neighborliness and regarding the borders of land plots owned by the court, the owner addresses the court through his lawyer, because today there is a procedure for obtaining legal assistance from lawyers in the courts.
Approved Order of the Ministry of Security health of Ukraine 03/17/2011 N 145 Registered with the Ministry Justice of Ukraine April 5, 2011 for N 457/19195 STATE SANITARY NORMS AND RULES content areas of populated areas 2.21. Liquid waste (feces, urine, slop) generated in residential and public buildings and structures in the absence of centralized water supply and sanitation allowed to store in cesspools (vygrebut). In the presence of yard restrooms a cesspool may be common. The vault must be waterproof and have a tight fit. cover. The volume of the cesspool is calculated based on the number population uses it. Chutes should be cleaned as they are filled. carriage liquid wastes from dumps and placing them on the territory of private possessions, as well as their use as fertilizers in rural farm is prohibited. 2.22. The ridges must be removed from the boundaries of the land sections of educational and medical institutions, walls residential and public buildings and playgrounds children and the rest of the population at a distance of not less than 20 m. Location of the graveyard on the plot and distance from him to his own apartment house determines the owner of this at home in compliance with the rules of good neighborliness. Controversial issues regarding the disposal sites in the territory backyard plots are considered in the order of land disputes in accordance with the law. In the conditions of decentralized water supply, the territory of the plot should be removed from individual wells and capitals of sources at least 20 m, with the distance from the cesspits in public wells and sources should be no less than 50 m. At the same time consider the direction of the slope of the plot.