How many meters should be before the fence, if a neighbor is building a new house, planting trees, creating other objects?
Not many neighbors have been able to maintain good neighborly relations over the years.
And, as a rule, the reason, the deterioration of relations was a new building or tree, which appeared directly on common features. At the request of a little retreat from the fence, often one could hear only disagreement, which turned into protracted disputes and quarrels.
In order to avoid such situations, it is necessary for each of us to know about the restrictions established by law and immediately demand their compliance.
So, with the State Building Standards - DBN 79-92 "Dwelling houses for individual developers of Ukraine" - the following distances were established for green spaces:
- from the walls of buildings and structures to the axis of trees - 5 m, for shrubs - 1.5 m;
- 3 m from the border of the neighboring plot to the axis of trees, 1 m for shrubs
However, it should be remembered that the branches of trees and bushes should not cross the borders of neighboring plots.
In the case of penetration of tree roots and branches from one land plot to another, owners of land plots on which branches and roots protrude have the right to independently cut off the roots of trees and bushes that penetrate from a neighboring land plot, if this is an obstacle to the use of the land plot.
Also, according to DBN 360-92 ** "Urban planning. Planning and development of urban and rural settlements ”, if there is no development on the other side of the border, then the distance to the lateral border of the site from the most protruding wall structure should be at least 1 m .
At the same time, the necessary engineering and technical measures should be provided, they prevent the runoff of atmospheric precipitation from the roofs and cornices of buildings on the territory of adjacent land plots.
According to sanitary standards, toilets should be located no closer than 15 m from the apartment building and summer kitchen, and from the drinking well - 20 m.
Fencing requirements (height, structure, material) are established by local building regulations. The fence should pass along the border and should not create obstacles for the intended use of the neighboring land, obscure it, etc.
Also, owners and land users of land should choose such methods of using land in accordance with their intended purpose, in which less inconvenience is caused to owners, land users of neighboring land: shading, smoke, unpleasant odors, noise pollution is different.
It is worth noting that the DBN today is losing force, since now such issues are no longer the competence of the central authorities, but are referred to the powers of local authorities.
Today, such norms are established in the local building rules or in the project for the development and improvement of a settlement, which are approved by the local council after agreement with the local city planning and architecture body. But it is worth noting that the established norms of the former DBN are fully reflected in the acts of local authorities.
And in the presence of serious disputes regarding the observance by the neighbors of the rules of good neighborliness and regarding the boundaries of the land plots owned, they are decided by the court with the appropriate appeal of the owner to the court through his lawyer, since today there is a procedure for receiving legal assistance from lawyers in the courts.
Approved by Order of the Ministry of Security health of Ukraine 03/17/2011 N 145 Registered in the Ministry justice of Ukraine April 5, 2011 for N 457/19195 STATE SANITARY NORMS AND RULES maintenance of territories of populated areas 2.21. Liquid wastes (feces, urine, slops) generated in residential and public buildings and structures in the absence of centralized water supply and sanitation, allowed store in cesspools (raked out). In the presence of courtyards latrines cesspool may be common. The rake should be waterproof and have a tight fit. cover. The volume of the cesspool is calculated based on the number population, they use it. The racks must be cleaned as they are filled. transportation liquid waste from cesspools and placing them in private possessions, as well as their use as fertilizers in rural au pair is prohibited. 2.22. Rags should be removed from the boundaries of the land sections of educational and medical institutions, walls residential and public buildings and structures, playgrounds children and the rest of the population at a distance of at least 20 m. The location of the cesspool on the plot and the distance from him to his own apartment building determines the owner of this at home in compliance with the rules of good neighborliness. Controversial issues regarding the location of cesspools in the territory infield are considered in the order of land disputes in accordance with the law. In conditions of decentralized water supply the territory of the infield should be removed from individual wells and captures of sources at a distance of not less than 20 m, while the distance from the cesspools in public wells and capturing of sources should be at least 50 m. consider the direction of the slope of the site.