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Western demonology

Западная демонология

Demonology (from ancient Greek, i.e., deity, spirit, genius, and from ancient Greek, that is, word, reasoning, science) is the common name for dissimilar myths about demons. The name is used by analogy with modern scientific areas. The main directions in demonology are usually the study of demons, the description of the behavior of demons, the description of the rituals of summoning demons, their control, subordination and control of their forces, etc. Demonology accompanies many religious and mystical traditions, while religions themselves may belong to demonology and demons are sharply negative. The term can be used both in the occult and in scientific and historical works. A branch of theology that studies the supernatural, non-natured deity. Demonology is often manifested in folklore, fiction, mythology, magic, etc. Demonologist is an occultist who studies demonology, demons, evil spirits, their machinations against man.

The science of demonology is rooted in ancient times. We have collected in the public domain a small part of the description and pictures for purely informational purposes. We do not undertake to comment and argue for not a guru. Everyone perceives information as he sees fit, and uses it as he pleases.

V God save us all! V

1. Abraxas

Абраксас - Западная демонология

The creature with a cock head is the Hellenistic god Abrasax (or Abraxas), who was often called the Demiurge, IAO. He is accompanied by solar symbolism: a rooster announcing the return of the Sun every morning — a symbol of rebirth, and a whip with a shield, with which he was most often depicted — symbolize the heat of the midday Sun. Abrasaksa was often depicted on magical amulets and gems of the Hellenistic era; The Alexandrian Gnostic Vasilid called Abrasaks the "Great Ruler of 365 Heaven" and the creator of the physical Universe. Abrasax belongs to the category of serpentine Solar Deities, which speaks of the pronounced aspect of this god. Thus, Abrasax, the solar rooster, the creator of This World, symbolizes the productive force of the Sun. But, unlike Christ, he is not directly connected with the Supreme Aspect of the Solar Logos-Creator.

Абраксас - Западная демонология

1a It was customary for Christian writers to reduce the gods and goddesses of pagan religions and heretical sects to the level of demons. In fact, the deities of heretical religions served as the main source for Christian demons.

2. Agaliaprept - AQALIAREPT

Агалиарепт — AQALIAREPT - Западная демонология

Agaliarept reports directly to Lucifer. Controls Europe and Asia Minor. Agaliarept has the ability to reveal the secrets of the judicial and executive powers of any state in the world, and controls the past and the future. The most intimate secrets are available to him, he sows enmity and mistrust between people. Three powerful demons — Buer, Guzoin and Botis — are directly subordinate to him, as well as the powerful spirit of Elologap, who rules the waters. Agaliarept, the General of Ada, commander of the Second Legion of the infernal army, is portrayed as an adult with a drooping mustache.

Агалиарепт — AQALIAREPT - Западная демонология


3.Alocer - ALOCER

Алоцер — ALOCER - Западная демонология

The Demon Alozer (or otherwise Allozer, Alloces, Alokas) is the fifty-second demon described by Macgregor Mathers and Alistair Crowley in his publication Goetia. “He is a prince, great, omnipotent and mighty, appearing in the form of a Soldier (or Warrior) mounted on a Great Horse. His face is like a lion, very red, with burning eyes. His voice is hoarse and loud. His service is to teach the art of astronomy and all the humanities. He brings with him good "acquaintances," and also rules 36 legions of spirits. "

Алоцер — ALOCER - Западная демонология


4. Amdusias - AMDUSIAS

Амдусиас — AMDUSIAS - Западная демонология

Amdusias (also Amduscias and Amdukias) is one of the demons of hell described in Goetia, one of the handwritten grimoires, also known as Lemegeton or Lesser Key of Solomon. Goetia asserts this demon: “He a prince, great and mighty, appearing at first as a Unicorn, but at the request of the caller he rises before him as a human being, and at the same time, but not immediately, trumpets and many other musical instruments are heard. It also causes trees to bow and bend at the behest of the caller. He gives excellent "acquaintances" and manages 29 legions of spirits ". The illustrations of Collen de Plancy on the head of Amdusias crown to show that he is the prince of hell. He is depicted with a horse's head, since unicorns are usually represented as a horse. Two pipes lie on the ground, and the third hangs on his shoulder.

Амдусиас — AMDUSIAS - Западная демонология

4a. He can be considered the patron of modern rock music in the style of "heavy metal" because he has the ability to produce awful clanging music, and if so, then it must be admitted that he still copes well with his duties.

5. Ammit - AMMGG

Аммит — АММГГ - Западная демонология

One of the most terrible Egyptian demons is Ammit - a monster with a croup of hippopotamus, the front part of a lion and the head of a crocodile. The Egyptians were very afraid of all these animals, because they ate people. Ammit is a female demon, known as the devourer of the dead and the inhabitant of Amenta, the place where the sun sets. Amentoi, the Egyptians called their cemeteries on the west bank of the Nile. Ammits were assigned to wait in the Palace of Justice while the recently deceased person’s heart was put on one bowl and the Maat feather on the other. God He recorded the result. It was necessary that the scales show the same weight, and the arrow of the scales lay horizontally (see Budge, The Book of the Dead, p. 238). The soul, whose heart passed the test, was given shelter on the Field of offerings ...

6. Avdras - ATTORAS

Авдрас — ATTORAS - Западная демонология

In Goetia, the demon Andras says the following: “He is a great marquis who appears as an angel with the head of a black night raven riding a mighty Black Wolf, holding up a sharp, bright sword in his hand. His service is to sow discord. If the caller is not careful, Andras will kill both him and the others present. He manages 30 legions of spirits. ”In order to understand this description, some explanations will prove useful. By night raven is meant an owl. Black wolves were once quite common in Europe. Both wolf and owl are considered to be animals representing Evil. The magician who performs the call of the demon, in the English translation of "Goetia" is called "exorcist", as in the manuscript edition. Here we will not use the term "exorcist" due to the fact that nowadays this term refers only to a person who performs the expulsion of demons from a person.

7. Apollyon - Apollyon

Аполлион — Apollyon - Западная демонология

Cornelius Agrippa equated this demon with Abaddon and considered him the ruler of the lower shadow of the sphere of the planet Venus, which is Setsira Nitsah on a kabbalistic tree. "The seventh house is owned by the furies, who are the forces of evil, disagreement, war and desolation, whose prince in Revelations is called Apollyon in Greek, in Hebrew, Abaddon, that is, destroying and devastating." Agrippa quotes the biblical verses - Revelation 9:11, which say: “They had the angel of the abyss over the king; his name in Hebrew is Avaddon, and in Greek Apollyon. " In the Old Testament, the name Abaddon is used for the place where the dead are placed. Literally, it means destruction or destruction. Apollyon is the Greek equivalent of this word. The demons, with whom Abaddon presides, appear at the sound of the next (fifth) court pipe at the time of the Last Judgment. Demons appear in the form of locusts, which “is like horses prepared for war: and on her head is like crowns like gold, but her faces are like human faces; and her hair is like that of women, and her teeth are like lions; she had armor on her, iron armor, as it were, and the noise from her wings was like a knock from chariots when a lot of horses were running to the war ... ”

8. Asmodey - ASMODAI

Асмодей — ASMODAI - Западная демонология

Regarding this demon, whose name is also spelled Asmodeus, “Goetia” writes the following: “He is a Great King, strong and powerful. He is with three heads, of which the first belongs to the bull, the second to man, and the third - like that of a ram. He also has a snake's tail, and flames come out of his mouth. His feet are webbed, like a goose. He sits on a hellish dragon and holds in his hand a spear with a yoke. Asmodeus is the first among the elect, under the rule of Amaymon, he is ahead of everyone. "" If the magician wants to call him, then it is better to do it outside the house, and let him stand on his feet all the time without a hat, as otherwise, He will put it on, Amaymon will deceive him and call back all his actions. But if the caller sees Asmodeus in the above-named guise, he should ask his name, saying, "Are you Asmodey?" - and he will not deny this and will bow down to the ground, little by little. “He gives a ring of virtues, teaches arithmetic, astronomy, geometry, and absolutely all crafts. He gives truthful and complete answers to all questions. He makes a man invisible. He shows the place where the treasure is hidden and guards it. He, among the legions of Amaymon, rules 72 legions of the spirits of hell. ”

9. Astarot - ASTAROT

Астарот — ASTAROT - Западная демонология

The name of this demon is derived from Ashtarot. The Red Dragon says that he is the great prince of hell and is portrayed with his tongue sticking out, as if he was teasing everyone and everything. Probably, it can be identified with Astar - the ancient Semitic astral deity, revered along with the goddess Astarte, as her formidable spouse. In Ugaritic myths, he is one of the claimants to rule the world. Being opposed to the god Balu, Astarot is the embodiment of the evil inclination in Ugarit; his usual epithet: "terrible." His image was long honored in ancient Yemen, where he was the god of war, formidable and strong and at the same time god-defender, keeper of houses and tombs, protecting them from everything damaging and destroying. His divine consort Astarte was highly esteemed in the Assyrian-Babylonian mythology, in ancient Egypt she was identified with the goddess of fertility, Ishtar, who was perceived as the ruler of horses and chariots, the goddess of battles and, probably, was associated with water and water elements. Astarte was also highly esteemed in Carthage and in Cyprus, where she was even identified with the goddess of love, Aphrodite. Astarte is known in the form of a naked rider who shoots a bow. E. Waite identifies the image of this demon with the Olympic spirit of Tuesday.

10. Ashtarof - ASTAROTH

Аштароф — ASTAROTH - Западная демонология

The name Ashtarof is probably derived from the name of the Canaanite goddess of fertility, Astarte, revered by the Philistines, as well as in Sidon. For the ancient Jews, she was the wife of Baal and identified with the planet Venus when she shone with the evening star in the western sky. She was one of the three Canaanite goddesses: Anat, Ashtart, and Asher. Ashtarte may have been invoked by Jewish women during childbirth. As often happens, there is nothing like the character of the goddess Astarte and the demon Ashtarof, as described in Goetia: “He is a great and mighty prince, emerging as a fallen angel riding a hellish beast that looks like a dragon, and keeps hand viper. In no case can not let him close to him, otherwise he will harm his bad breath. Therefore, the magician must keep in front of his face a magic ring that will protect him. He gives truthful answers to questions about the past, present and future, and can also reveal all secrets. He will purposely tell how spirits have fallen, and will reveal the cause of his own fall. He can make a person extremely knowledgeable in all the humanities. He rules 40 legions of spirits. ” The magic ring has been the standard tool of the magician since the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. It is described and illustrated by the most famous of all grimoires, “Goetia”. King Solomon used his own ring to seal the bronze vessel, where he planted all the demons involved in the construction of the Temple. Therefore, the ring is very important. in magic originating from Solomon.

11. Azazel - AZAZEL

Азазель — AZAZEL - Западная демонология

Azazel is the famous demon of the desert, honored in the Old Testament (see Leviticus 16: 8). In the Kabbalistic text Zohar (The Zohar) and in the book of Enoch Azazel - one of the angels, dropped from heaven for communication with mortal women. Probably, it can be identified with the Hellenistic Prometheus: he teaches people magic, weapon business and cosmetics. "And Azazel taught people how to make swords and knives and shields and chest plates, and discovered metals and the art of processing them, and bracelets, and ornaments, and using antimony, and tinting eyelashes, showed all kinds of precious stones and all dyeing compositions" (book Enoch 8: 1). In Milton's “Lost Paradise,” a demon named Azazil is the standard bearer of all the forces of hell. The Qur'an states that Azazil was cast down from heaven for refusing to read Adam to God. He said: “Why should the son of fire fall before the son of clay?” Azazel and Azazil are probably the same demon, although, as has already been said, the similarity of the names does not mean that the demons are identical. The scapegoat, on whose head it was customary to lay all the sins of Israel, the ancient Jews were driven out into the desert for a reason, just as a sacrifice to Azazel. In the translation of the Bible by King James, Azazel's name was replaced with the word "scapegoat". The meaning of the name is unknown. Most Bible scholars believe that this is the name of a demon, but the great Jewish scholar Rashi claimed that it was the name of a mountain with a precipice, meaning that a scapegoat was thrown off a cliff as a sacrifice. “If you, the reader, are able to understand the secret of what is after the word" Azazel ", you will also understand his secret and the secret of his name. For in Scripture there is much similar to it, and I will reveal to you part of this secret by hint, and when you pass 33 you will recognize it, ”wrote the famous poet and philosopher Ibn Ezra (1092–1167). EP Blavatsky sheds light on the mystery of Azazel: “So the Zohar says that Ishina, the beautiful B'ne Aleim (ie, the Sons of God), were innocent, but mixed with mortal people, because they were sent for this purpose to the ground.

12. Aziel - AZIEL

Азиэль — AZIEL - Западная демонология

Aziel - the keeper of the hidden treasures. His three heads and snake-like fingers indicate a connection with the three-faced goddess Hecate, the Greek god of sorcery and the underworld. The demon is depicted with a beard, but has a female torso with breasts, a narrow waist and wide hips. This indicates that Aziel is a bisexual creature. His snakelike legs, ending in a fish tail, connect him with snake-monsters of the depths, for example, Leviathan. It is possible that his name is derived from the name of the fallen angel Azael, one of the princes of the Watchmen, who came down to earth to copulate with mortal women. Azael is mentioned in the Jewish book of Enoch.

13. Bael - VAEL

Bael or Bael is remarkable in that in Goetia it is the first of seventy-two demons. Collen de Plancy identified him with the biblical deity Baal, changing the spelling of the demon's name so that it coincided with the name of the deity, but as already noted, the similarity of the names does not always indicate identity. The word "ba'al" means "God." The ancient Jews worshiped Baal in elevated places in the form of a phallic stone called massebah, which was probably accompanied by intercourse. He was the god of fertility, and, apparently, the name of the demon Belfegor came from him - Baal-Fegor was one of the manifestations (Num 25: 3). Regarding the demon Bael, “Goetia” states the following: “The first main spirit ruling in the east is called Bael. He makes you invisible. He rules 66 legions of hellish spirits. It appears in a different form, sometimes as a cat, sometimes as a toad, and sometimes in human form. Sometimes it appears in all forms at once. He speaks in a hoarse voice. ” Baphomet was called an idol, which the knights of the Knights Templar supposedly worshiped. The initial task of the order was to protect the life and property of Christian pilgrims traveling to the Holy Land and back. The existence of demon-worship was discovered in 1307 during the interrogations of the knights, when they were accused of heresy by the King of France Philip IV. Twelve of the 231 interrogated knights confessed to the existence of an idol, which was described differently and contradictory. It was said that it was a bronze head with a long beard and sparkling eyes, or a human skull, or a painted image of a man, or a gilded wood or metal figurine, or a three-faced head, or a head painted black on one side, white, or a bearded silver-headed idol with four legs: two in front and two behind.

14. Beelzebub - BEELZEBUB

Вельзевул — BEELZEBUB - Западная демонология

Beelzebub is the prince of hell, whose name is usually translated as "Lord of the Flies" (beelzeboub), but which probably should be translated as "Lord of the Earth" (beelzeboul). He is one of the oldest and most famous demonic figures, dating back to the local deity of the city of Philistines, Akkar-well, which is mentioned in the Old Testament. “Ohoeiah fell through the grate from his room in Samaria, and was sick. And he sent messengers, and said to them: Go, ask Beelzebub, the gods of Akkaronsky: shall I recover from this disease? ”(2 Kings 1: 2). Obviously, Beelzebub had authority over the disease, which may explain the generally accepted version of his name. Flies flock to the corpses of the dead and carry diseases to the living. In the Bible, ambassadors come to the priests of Beelzebub in Ekron (where his cult existed) to find out with the help of a divination whether a person will recover (second book of kingdoms 1: 2). There are archaeological finds with the image of flies, apparently dedicated to this deity. According to some, this was the desire to humiliate Satan by bringing him down to the degree of a pitiful "god of flies." This tendency appears even clearer with another philological interpretation of the word in question — an interpretation in which Beelzebub means “the god of manure,” or all impurity and filth. He was considered the main culprit of the agonizing illness of the possessed people who usually moved away from society to unclean places (cemeteries, etc.). The Gospels say that the Pharisees and scribes called Jesus Christ Beelzebub or claimed "that he casts out demons by the power of Beelzebub, the prince of demons. According to the vision of a possessed Catholic nun, sister Madeleine of E-en-Provence, this demon is none other than one of the devilish Peace. "Beelzebub was a prince of the seraphim, - written from her words, - the most important after Lucifer. All the princes, that is, the rulers of nine orders of angels fell; from the order of seraphim, three fell first, namely: Lucifer, Beelzebub and Leviathan, and all them rebel Wells. ”Further, Madeleine’s sister reports that Beelzebub’s service is to tempt people with the sin of pride and that St. Francis of Assisi is his celestial adversary. in his opinion, in the lower reflection sefira Keter. "There are some theological schools," he wrote, "who distribute evil spirits on nine degrees, as opposed to the nine orders of angels. Consequently, the first of them are those who are called False gods and who, usurping the name of God, will be worshiped as gods, demanding sacrifices and worship. Like the Devil who said to Christ: “I will give all of this to you if you fall down and worship me,” revealing all the kingdoms of the world to him; and their prince is the one who said: "I will ascend above the clouds and will be like the Most High, and who, therefore, is called Beelzebub, that is, the ancient god." This seems to place Beelzebub even higher than Lucifer. Head of the Golden Dawn Magical Society, S.L. MacGregor Mathers, assigned Beelzebub to a place in the second demonic order, in the sphere of Chokmah, under Satan and Moloch, but above Lucifer (see “The Opened Kabbalah”, tab IV). All of these systems of association are hypothetical, and none of them should be taken blindly, as the highest authoritative source. The only thing that can be stated with certainty is that Beelzebub is very high on the hierarchy of hell.

15. Belial - BELIAL

Белиал — BELIAL - Западная демонология

About the few demons write books and make up legends, however, Belial received more attention than any other inhabitant of hell, not counting Lucifer himself. In Goetia it is stated that Belial is one of the four demons trapped in the copper vessel by the magical seal of King Soloman (the other three are said to be Ticket, Asmodeus, and Gaap). Reginald Scott in “Discoverie of Witchcraft” tells about Belial the following, which is clearly taken from Johann Virus's “Pseudomonarchia daemonum”. “Some say that King Belial was created immediately after Lucifer, and therefore is considered the father and seducer of fallen angels. Since he was the first among the more worthy and wise who came before Michael and other celestial angels ... ”Belial, Belial, Beliar, Veliar - in the Bible a demonic creature, a spirit of non-existence, debauchery, lies and destruction.

16. Belphegor - BELPHEQOR

Белфегор — BELPHEQOR - Западная демонология

Belphegor is a demon of witty discoveries and inventions. His name seems to be derived from the distorted biblical Baal-Pegor, an idol worshiped by the Israelites at Shitgim. This worship could be accompanied by sexual rituals with the “daughters of Moab,” and this suggests that Baal-pegor was a fertility god. As usual, there is no connection between the characters of the demon Belfegora and the deity Baal-Pegor, although the name of the demon comes from the name of God. Mighty Demon of sex, assistant of Belial.

17. Belzebut - BELZEBUT

Бельзебут — BELZEBUT - Западная демонология

One of the many younger demons is Belaebut. There are countless such obscure demonic creatures. The name of this demon, no doubt, comes from Beelzebub, but this does not mean that they have the same character. In the grimoire, known as "Le veritable dragon rouge", Belzebut is described as the prince of hell. His profile is hawkish, probably to show that he is the prince of the air. A. E. White associated the above portrait of Belzebut with Betor, the Olympic spirit of Thursday and the planet Jupiter.

18. Buer - BUER

Буэр — BUER - Западная демонология

The bower description given in Goetia may not be complete. “He appears in Sagittarius, and this is his view when the sun is in this constellation. He teaches philosophy, both spiritual and natural, to logic, as well as the virtues of all herbs and plants. He treats all mental disorders in a person and gives good "acquaintances". He rules 50 legions of spirits. ” Collen de Plancy represented Buera in the form of a lion's head, surrounded, like the spokes of a wheel, with five legs and hoofs so that it could roll on the ground. But, probably, the description of this demon in “Goetia” means that Buer resembles the symbol of the zodiac sign Sagittarius, that is, the centaur with a bow in his hands.

19. Cassiel - CASSIEL

Кассиэль — CASSIEL - Западная демонология

Cassiel, the ruling spirit of the Sabbath, in Barrett's Magus has a clearly demonic look. Strictly speaking, Cassiel is not a demon of hell, but the ruling spirit of the Sabbath. The magical actions that fall under his power are performed exactly on Saturday, while his spirit is invoked to ensure their successful completion. In Western magic, the line separating spirits and demons is always very subtle, as the illustration of Francis Barrett's Cassiel from Magus shows. Physically, nothing distinguishes Cassiel from the dozens of hell demons described in Goetia. He is depicted as a bearded king with wings and scaly skin, riding a winged dragon, with an arrow in his right hand. In the Fourth Book of Occult Philosophy (The Fourth Book of Occult Philosophy), a grimoire falsely attributed to Cornelius, Agrippa Cassiel is described as a bearded king riding a dragon. With regard to the spirits of the Sabbath, Francis Barrett asserted that "their nature is to sow discord, hatred, evil thoughts and plans, to give permission to kill and maim every member." This is demonic behavior enough to unambiguously attribute Cassiel to demons for all practical purposes. Barrett adds an interesting footnote about the royal appearance of this demon. “Those spirits that appear in the form of kings are much more dignified than those who accept a lower appearance, and those who appear in the guise of a person are more powerful and powerful than receiving animals. The latter, in turn, are superior to those appearing in the form of trees, tools, etc. Therefore, the power and power of the spirit can be judged by a noble and dignified appearance. ”

20. Kerber (Cerberus) - CERBERUS

Кербер (Цербер) — CERBERUS - Западная демонология

Not all demons look like humans. Cerberus is a Greek demon dog who faithfully guards an indestructible gateway to the underworld so that the souls of the dead do not run back to the sun-drenched surface of the earth, and also that the living cannot freely enter and leave Tartarus. He has three heads and a mane of snakes. In its earliest form, Cerberus had fifty heads, but only three remained later, which clearly did not benefit, since Orpheus, Hercules, Odysseus and later Dante passed him very successfully.

21. Dagon - DAQOW

Дагон — DAQOW - Западная демонология

Dagon is a Philistine deity mentioned in the Old Testament in connection with the Ark of Concord. The Philistines placed the captured ark in the temple of Dagon in Ashdod, in front of the statue of the god. The next morning they found the statue lying face down on the floor. They installed it again, but in the morning the statue lay again on the temple floor, this time with a broken head and hands. Dagon was a Semitic god, adopted by the Philistines after the invasion of the Canaanites and so important a god that after the Philistines defeated Ark from the Israelites, they immediately erected his temple there. Dagon (or Dagan) was worshiped in Mesopotamia, in Ur in 2500 BC. His cult was popular with the Assyrians. It is possible that he was born as a god of vegetation and gradually evolved into a god of thunderstorms. The Hebrew name Dagon means "Big Fish." This god was described in different ways in the fish form and therefore was sometimes identified with Poseidon. Dagon is the chief baker of the princes of hell, and we can only guess about their culinary tastes.

22. Evrinom - EURYNOME

Эврином — EURYNOME - Западная демонология

In the Pelasgian version of the Greek myth of the creation of the world, Heurenom is the name of the original mother of the gods and the dancing creator of the universe, who reigned on Olympus with her son and husband, the titan of Office, who took the form of a great serpent. The name Eurinoma means "far wandering." In the form of a dove, she laid an egg containing everything in the universe. When Ophion spun around the egg seven times, it broke up in two and freed the sun, the moon, the planets, the stars, the mountains, the rivers, and the living creatures. There is no obvious connection between the supreme goddess of creation and the male grotesque demon, whose illustration is shown in Dictionnaire Infernal by Cochin and Plan, 1863. Infernal "Plancy. Often, only the name of the pagan god served as the basis for the demon in the grimoires, and in most cases this name was distorted. Here the Greek name remained intact, but the whole meaning of the goddess was lost.

23. Floros - FLAUROS

Флорос — FLAUROS - Западная демонология

Hellish demon Floros (also known as Chorea, Horace, Havres) is the sixty-fourth demon described in Goetia. “He is a great prince and appears first as a powerful, terrible and strong leopard, but after a while, on the order of the caller, he takes on the appearance of a man with burning, fiery eyes and a terrible facial expression. He gives truthful answers to all questions about the past, present and future. But if he is not in the magic triangle, he will lie about all these things and deceive the caller in all that relates to such and such matters. In the end, he will talk about the creation of the world and about the divine essence, and how he and other spirits have fallen. He will destroy and burn the enemies of the caller, if he wishes it.

24. Forcas — FORCAS

Форкас— FORCAS - Западная демонология

The demon Forcas or Fourkas is described in Goetia as follows: “He is a knight and appears as a cruel old man with a long beard and a gray-haired head, riding a light horse and with a sharp weapon in his hand. His service is to study the art of philosophy, astrology, rhetoric, palmistry and pyromancy in all their details and in full. Under his authority are 20 legions of spirits. " Palmistry or divination by hand is the art of predicting the future along the lines of the palm. Pyromancy - prophecy on the flame. Ancient age was often associated in magic with secret knowledge. For example, the ancient god Saturn controls difficult studies and dark secrets.

25. Harpy - HARPY

Гарпия — HARPY - Западная демонология

The harpies (from harpyiae: abductor, robber, or violator) were, according to Gssiod, the daughters of Tawmanta and the oceanid of Electra. Their names were Okipetta and Aella. Hesiod describes them in his Theogony (Theogony): “Aella and Okipeta with beautiful hair that fly on their fast wings, like birds or the breath of the wind; high they throw themselves. " Later authors called them differently: Aellop, Nikotoi, Okitoi, Ka-laeno, Ahloy, Podarga and Kelayno. Their names are said to imply storm winds. It is in this quality of the personified storm wind that they were described by Homer when they kidnapped the three daughters of King Thandaria in order to serve Eriniy (Furies). Their usual service is to assign criminals to Furies for punishment. According to legend, they lived in a cave in Crete ...

26. Incubuses, succuses - INCUBUS, SUCCUBUS

Инкубусы, суккубусы — INCUBUS, SUCCUBUS - Западная демонология

Incubus is one of the demons that embodies a whole class of creatures — male spirits of lust. The name comes from the Latin incubare (to lay on something, to lay a load, to be on the table). According to beliefs, when Incubus came to a sleeping woman and owed herself a nightly purchase, she had nightmares and it was difficult to breathe. It was believed that Incubus sits on her chest or, in some cases, on her face.

Инкубусы, суккубусы — INCUBUS, SUCCUBUS - Западная демонология

26a. This feeling of heaviness on the chest is characteristic not only of the incubus, but also of their female equivalents, the succubus demons who visit sleeping men for the purpose of sexual contact. This feeling is very clear, clear and real and has nothing to do with sleep, although it is usually felt for a short period after awakening, when consciousness returns. Weight is not always localized on the chest, sometimes it can be felt on the face, abdomen and legs.

Инкубусы, суккубусы — INCUBUS, SUCCUBUS - Западная демонология

26b. It is possible to ward off the demon with the help of will, and then the pressure weakens. Sometimes the demon does not want to leave his place on the chest, abdomen, groin and thighs. In this case, this sensation lasts up to about thirty seconds after awakening, when the consciousness has long returned. The weight is removed unexpectedly and tangibly. The feeling is exactly the same when a soft load is lifted from the body. You can actually feel the feeling of something rising and receding.

Инкубусы, суккубусы — INCUBUS, SUCCUBUS - Западная демонология

26c. Sometimes you can see the demon as a translucent, obscure form, pressing on the chest, it resembles a light shade in the air, has dimensions and weight, but no definite features. However, the demon can be clearly seen in a nightmare during his visit, and at the same time you can communicate with him. An in-cubus or succubus visit does not always bring sleep, and dreams do not always have a pronounced sexual character throughout. When such a dream happens, there is often a feeling of rapid ejaculation, and at the same time the weight of the demon on the chest is felt. The natural reaction to this is to force yourself to wake up, with the end of sleep, and the feeling of a pressing weight, but not immediately.

Инкубусы, суккубусы — INCUBUS, SUCCUBUS - Западная демонология

26d These demons receive some kind of food or pleasure from the sexual energy of a person. They have the ability to invade our dreams, imitating their characters, and to control the plot of the dream in order to direct it to the sexual mainstream. Thus they feed on our sexual energy. Usually, they depict people with whom we are familiar, and sometimes unfamiliar, so that we interact with them without fear (because a person wakes up from strong fear). However, from time to time they appear directly in a dream and exhibit physical characteristics that may be called inhuman or demonic. As a rule, it causes an intuitive reaction of fear or disgust and interrupts sleep. In fact, there is nothing dangerous in visiting incubuses or succubi, however frequent visits can cause overwork. Some people who have not dealt with spirits may be frightened by the inhuman appearance that these spirits sometimes accept. Some incubuses and succuses intentionally take on a terrible appearance to cause a strong fear or disgust, probably because they like the “taste” of these emotions, mixed with sexual energy. One of their effective ways to stop visiting incubuses and succubi is to achieve a close, loving relationship with a familiar spirit, and then ask it to prevent other spirits from interfering during your sleep. A familiar spirit will serve as a mental bodyguard, preventing other spirits from disturbing you. You can not follow this method, since visits to incubus or succubus can be quite entertaining.

27. Lucifer - LUCIFER

Люцифер — LUCIFER - Западная демонология

The name Lucifer means "lightbearer", "carrying the light." This is the name of the morning star, i.e. Venus; among the fathers of the church, this demon, the son of the morning, is the designation of the devil This demon was originally a noble and powerful angel, but he raised a rebellion in heaven against the authority of God. For the sin of disobedience, Lucifer was cast into hell along with other angels who supported him in the war in heaven. «Как упал ты с неба Денница, сын зари! Разбился о землю, попиравший народы. А говорил в сердце своем: «Взойду на небо, выше звезд Божьих вознесу престол мой и сяду на горе в сонме богов, на краю севера, взойду на высоты облачные...». В падшем состоянии его имя стало Сатана. В христианской традиции это имя горделивого и бессильного подражателя тому свету, который составляет мистическую «славу» божества. Романтический образ Люцифера создал английский поэт Мильтон в эпической поэме «Потерянный рай».

28. Маммона — МАММЮИ

Маммона — МАММЮИ - Западная демонология

In the Talmud and New Testament, the word "mammon" means "property", both monetary and property, but sometimes it is personified into a god or demon. “No one can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or one will be zealous, but about the other not happy. You cannot serve God and Mammon ”(Matt. 6:24). It was common for Kabbalistic and Christian mages to infer the names of angels from the functions and duties described in Scripture, so there is nothing surprising in creating the demon Mammons from the biblical context. Mammon as a demon of wealth and greed found his face only in the Middle Ages. The nun of St. Francis (1384-1440), who had visions, put Mammon in the series of three hellish princes, subject only to Lucifer. “The first of them is Asmodeus, who was once a cherub, but now in charge of carnal sins. Next is Mammon, a demon of greed who“ sits on the throne ”of this world. The third is Beelzebub, ruler of idolaters. These three forces and Lucifer never leave the place of their imprisonment, except with the special permission of God, but they have legions and legions of subordinate spirits on earth who are responsible to them. ” Judging by how much Mammon succeeds in our day, there is no doubt that the holy nun was somewhat mistaken about his whereabouts, and this demon did not even think of leaving the earth.

29. Marchotsias - MARCHOCIAS

Мархоциас — MARCHOCIAS - Западная демонология

“Goetia” describes the demon Markhocias (or Markhosias) as follows: “He is the great and mighty marquis, who is first in the form of a wolf with wings of a griffin and a snake tail, spewing fire from its mouth. But after a while, at the command of the caller, he assumes the appearance of a man. And he is a strong fighter. He is from the Order of Dominion. 30 legions of spirits obey him. He told his master, who was Solomon, that after 1,200 years he was going to return to the Seventh Heaven. ”McGregor Mathers, leader of the Golden Dawn, prepared for publication Goetia and added an interesting link to the description of this demon. “In one of the ancient manuscripts of the 17th century, which was very poorly written, you can read the“ ox ”instead of“ wolf ”. The manuscript of the Matters was published by Aleister Crowley, who made an addition to this footnote: "To me he always appears as an ox and at the same time very numb." Obviously, Crowley was referring to Mathers himself, his former teacher (such humor is typical for Crowley, who could not resist a flat joke or pun), but it is possible that in his youth, during his studies in the "golden dawn", Crowley experimented with by calling most, if not all, of the demons described in Goetia. His mentor at Golden Dawn, Allan Bennett, once accused him of being “engaged with Goetia unprofessional.”

30. Mephistopheles - MEFHISTOFHELES

Мефистофель — MEFHISTOFHELES - Западная демонология

The most famous, though not the most revered and far from the most powerful demon, largely owes his fame to the talent of the poet Johann Wolfgang Goethe and composer Charles Gounod, Mephistopheles (Mephisto, him. Mephistopheles), according to legend, served as a “friend” to a German wandering scientist and the mage, George (Johannes) Sabilyka Faust (1480 - 1540?). The name of this demon is spelled differently, including Mephistopheles, Miphostophiles, Mephisto, Mephostophiles and Mephistophilis. Perhaps Greek origin - "hating light", from me - not, phos - light and rholos - loving; according to other versions, heb. origin - from mefic - destroyer and tofel - a liar. Folklore and fiction of different countries and peoples often used the motive of concluding an alliance between the demon - the spirit of evil and man. For the first time this literary character appeared in the German folk book “The Tale of Dr. Faust ...” (published in 1587), then he became the hero of the philosophical drama “Faust” by I. V. Goethe and other works (in the XX century inspired Pushkin and Dostoevsky (“The Brothers Karamazov”), in the XX century T. Mann the novel “Doctor Faustus”). Everywhere he acts as a satellite and tempter of Faust, offering him power, knowledge, and earthly blessings in exchange for his soul. Dr. Faust - the hero of German folk legends and works of world literature and art, a symbol of human desire for knowledge of the world. However, there is quite convincing evidence that Faust actually lived and practiced magic, although there is no evidence that he sold his soul to Lucifer or spoke to a demon named Mephistopheles. Living in Germany, he was known throughout the country as a fraudster and a crook. The great occultist Abbot Trithemius, who knew the Faust personally, spoke condemningly about him. Fyodor Ivanovich Chaliapin created an unforgettable image of Mephistopheles in the art of opera.

31. Moloch - MOLOCH

Молох — MOLOCH - Западная демонология

Moloch is another deity mentioned in the Old Testament. "Moloch" in Hebrew means "king." The Babylonians worshiped this deity, forcing their children - both girls and boys - to ritually pass through fire (Second Book of Kingdoms 23:10). It was a common form of purification and initiation, used in pagan times in honor of many gods. Apparently, this god was popular: the Israelites were unequivocally forbidden "idolatry with Moloch," that is, give your seed to Molech or offer your children to it (Lev. 20: 2-5). Anyone who violated this order should have been killed by his neighbors. The historical view was that the children were burned alive as a sacrifice to Moloch. This is absolute nonsense, and it is difficult to understand how this ridiculous idea was able to survive so many centuries in unchanged form. The usual tradition of passing the fire was to jump over the fire. This demon is portrayed as an ugly creature, with a face smeared with blood, its main pleasure is to drink the tears of mothers.

32. Nibras- NYBRAS

Нибрас- NYBRAS - Западная демонология

The lower demon responsible for the entertainment of demons in hell - you can sympathize with him. Regarding the nature of these entertainments, we can only guess, but we believe that no human vices are alien to these creatures, and even beyond that.

33. Nebiros - HEBIROS

Небирос — HEBIROS - Западная демонология

Nebiros is one of the lower demons of hell. His portrait in the “Red Dragon” connects the body of the caterpillar with the head of a child. He is accompanied by an image of the sheet. This suggests that Nebiros could have some power over insect-borne diseases or influence the damage of crops by insects. E. Waite associated Nebiros with Ful, the spirit of Monday, and the Moon.

34. Pan - RAI

Пан — РАИ - Западная демонология

Pan was an ancient Arcadian shepherd god who protected herds, flocks of domestic birds and hives. He also directed hunters to prey. According to legend, he had the body of a man, with a beard, hairy legs, horns and goat ears. Sometimes he was depicted with a short fluffy tail. A lustful, carnivorous look was constantly reflected on his rude face. In the evenings, Pan enjoyed the mountain nymphs, and slept during the day in a cave after a party. He loved to boast that he copulated with all the menadas, nymphs - companions of the god of wine Dionysus. He also seduced Selene, the goddess of the Moon, by hiding her dark goat hair under a fresh, light fleece. Robert Graves lovingly calls him “the shameless old Arcadian god with goat legs” (“The Greek Myths”, Vol. 1, Section 21-s). In the Middle Ages, the legend of the death of Pan (Francois Rabelais "Gargantua and Pantagruel") was spread.

35. Pazuzu - PAZUZU

Пазузу — PAZUZU - Западная демонология

Pazuzu is a relatively inconspicuous Sumerian demon of the plague, especially the hot southeastern winds that carried this disease with it. In our time, he would have remained almost unknown if it were not for the irony of fate. This demon was chosen to be the star in the sensational film "Exorcist." It was Pazuzu who moved into the little girl and made her head rotate 360 ​​degrees; he was the cause of all the trouble she had to endure during the film. I understand that Pazuzu received a percentage of the profits of the Exorcist and has since moved to the tropical regions of hell to avoid the taxes that his old friend Mammon levied on him. But this is only a rumor. Pazuzu is characterized by four wings, a lion's head and paws and a human body. The illustration does not show the scorpion's tail. He has power over the wind-borne plague, he can bring it in or take it away. The small statuette shown in the illustration was found facing the southeast in the Sumerian ruins, presumably to ward off the southeastern winds.

36. Phoenix - RNOI1H

Феникс — РНОЕИ1Х - Западная демонология

Usually we do not associate the phoenix with demons. The phoenix is ​​a mythical bird known in ancient times for its immortality. According to the legends, it resembled an eagle with red and gold feathers and a star on its forehead. Greek writers, beginning with Herodotus, tell about the sacred bird of the Egyptians, like an eagle, arriving every 500 years (according to Pliny - 540, according to Martial - 1000, etc.) from Arabia to Iliopol for burial in the local temple of Ra of his father, prisoner in the egg. According to Epiphanius, Swede, and others, Phoenix himself arrives to die in Iliopol. Here he is burned in incense; from the ashes he is reborn again, first in the form of a caterpillar, which on the third day begins to turn into a bird and on the 40th is done by it completely and flies home to Arabia. The reason for these stories was the existence of the Bennu bird in Iliopole, dedicated to Ra, the sun god, who came from the east, dying every evening and rising every morning. As a symbol of the resurrection, the Phoenix was also considered an initiate of Osiris and was called its soul. In Iliopole there was a temple called Ha-Bennu, i.e., “the temple of the Phoenix”; there was a sacred tree on which he sat and on the leaves of which the gods recorded royal jubilees; on it he was born in the morning among incense and flame. In Tanis, Phoenix was revered as the bird of Osiris. In addition, he was honored in the Small Diospol, near which was the island of Ta-benny (Tabennh) - "Phoenix" - the place of foundation of the first monastery. There are several versions as to how the phoenix was reborn. Roman poet Ovid argues that, after living for 500 years, the bird builds a nest of rare spices on top of a palm tree or stone oak, lays down in it and dies. A phoenix nestling rises from her body and will live another 500 years before being reborn to life again. Then the young bird carried the nest and corpse of an old bird to the city of Heliopolis in Egypt and left them at the door of the temple of the god of the sun, Helios. A corpse wrapped in spices was burned on the altar of Helios. One version of this legend says that the old phoenix was beating its wings on the altar of Helios, as a result of which his body flared and turned into ashes. From the ashes rose the same young bird. In another embodiment, it says that when an old bird died in a nest, a white worm appeared from its decaying corpse, which grew into a new phoenix. Due to his ability to come back to life, the phoenix became a symbol of the great works of alchemy, which in an understated sense is the transformation of simple metals into gold, and in the highest sense, the transformation of mortal man into an immortal superman. The inclusion of the Phoenix in the catalog of demons clearly shows that during the Middle Ages superstitious Christians viewed all fabulous or strange creatures from classical myths as devilish and unholy. The beautiful spiritual aspect of the phoenix legend was almost completely rejected, although its echo exists in Goetia in the notes about the demon Phoenix and his hope of returning to heaven. "Goetia" places Phoenix as the thirty-seventh of 72 demons, sharpened in a bronze vessel with the seal of King Solomon. “He is a great marquis and is in the form of a phoenix bird having a child’s voice. He sings before the caller many beautiful songs that he should not notice, but little by little he must ask him to take on the appearance of a man. Then, if necessary, he will speak with amazing words about all the wonderful sciences. He is a great poet. And he will gladly fulfill all the requirements. He also has hope to return to the Seventh Throne in another 1,200 years, as he said to King Solomon. He rules 20 legions of spirits. ”

37. Ronve - RONWE

Ронве — RONWE - Западная демонология

Ronve - one of the younger demons, which provides knowledge in foreign languages. The stick, which is worn under the arm, is probably meant for beating lazy students. He has the look of a real teacher, and he reminds the author of some of his old teachers. This demon can be a demon of Ron, mentioned in “Goetia” and “Discoverie of Witchcraft” by Reginald Scott, who says: “Ro-nova is a marquis and a count, he resembles a monster, he brings unique knowledge of rhetoric, loyal servants, knowledge of languages, benevolence of friends and enemies. 19 leféf; - / gion of spirits obey him. ” In past centuries, the word "monster" was applied to disfigured people, such as the famous elephant man. In this sense, in the Hell Dictionary of Collen de Plancy, Ronve’s view is disfigured.

38. Satan - SATAN

Сатана — SАТАN - Западная демонология

In modern Western culture, as a rule, the devil is not distinguished from Satan and Lucifer. These names are viewed as different aspects of the same creature, the devil. But even in this case, it will be useful to draw a distinction between them, because it will help to fully determine the character of the ruler of hell, as it is understood in the folklore of European Christians for more than a thousand years. The word "devil" comes from the Greek diaballein - "to slander, defame." Hence the devil is a great deceiver, putting obstacles in the path of humanity. The name Lucifer comes from the Latin "bringing light, carrying light" (see above). That was the name of angela who led a rebellion against God and was cast into hell as a punishment for having wanted to become independent. Lucifer was the name of the Devil, when he was still an angel ... However, at the head of hell, he took the name (or title?) Of Satan. But the biblical “Book of Job” directly proves that Satan was among the angels even before the rebellion: “And there was a day when the sons of God came to appear before the Lord, and Satan also came between them. And the Lord said to Satan: Where did you come from? And Satan answered the Lord, and said: I walked the earth and went around it ”(Job, 1: 8).

39. Satanachia - SATATiACHIA

Сатанахия — SATATiACHIA - Западная демонология

In the Red Dragon, Satanachia (Put Satanachia) is presented as the great general of hell. His image is the most amazing among all the demons. He sits inside the crescent, his body is covered with a shell, the other crescent is behind his head. It can be either a flower or some unseen insect. It is difficult to determine what. It is necessary to remember the above remark by Francis Barrett: if the demon has great power, it appears in the form of a man. Demons, which are in the form of animals, have less power. Even lower demons, which are in the form of insects or plants. The most insignificant are demons in the form of objects. Satanachia is titled as a general-in-chief, they believe that he possessed a deep knowledge of all the planets and commanded all earthly matters, he also helped demons to establish close ties with people living on earth.

40. Urobah - UROBACH

 - Западная демонология

Collen de Plancy illustrates Urobaha with a chamber pot filled with hot coals, presumably to roast sinful souls in hell. He is all ears, nose, eyes and mouth, which indicates the acuteness of feelings in order to savor the torment of his victims. This creature may be the same as the demon Orobas, mentioned in "Goetia" and "Discoverie of Witchcraft" Reginald Scott. The latter says so about this demon: “Orobas is a great prince, he appears as a horse, but when he puts on a human face, he speaks of heavenly virtues, OH gives truthful answers to questions about the past, present and future, talks about virtues and creation the world does not deceive anyone and does not tempt. He gives dignity, favor of friends and enemies, and rules over twenty legions. ”

Ritual killings and sacrifices of the Jews

Blood, betrayal, torture and, finally, capitulation were intertwined in the fate of the Italian Jew, Dr. Ariel Toaff. He and his story could come down from the pen of his compatriot, Umberto Eco. Dr. Toaff made a discovery that terrified him, but he courageously continued the work begun. Then the Jewish community put so much pressure on the scientist that he broke down and was forced to repent and renounce. It happened not in the Middle Ages, but in our days.

Ariel Toaff was born in the family of the chief rabbi of Rome. Professor of the Jewish religious university "Bar-Ilan", not far from Tel Aviv, he gained fame thanks to a fundamental study of the medieval history of the Jews. Toaff's three-volume work “Love, Labor and Death” (sub-caption: “Jewish Life in Medieval Umbria”) is a real encyclopedia on this rather narrow topic. While working on the book, the scientist discovered that the medieval Ashkenazi Jewish communities in northern Italy practiced an especially cruel form of human sacrifice. Wizards and their accomplices abducted and killed Christian babies, and their blood was used in magical rituals, seeking to bring vengeful spirits to the hated goyim.

It would be much easier to condemn the book if its author was a Christian. One could brand a scientist for anti-Semitism. One could not pay attention to the radical Jews of the diaspora, who not only attacked the policies of Israel, but sometimes even questioned its right to exist. You can just call them self-haters. But things get much more complicated when a Jewish scholar from a Jewish religious university raises a topic that evokes primitive fears among Jews.