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Western demonology

Западная демонология

Demonology (from other Greek, that is, deity, spirit, genius, and from other Greek, that is, word, reasoning, science) is the general name for diverse myths about demons. The name is used by analogy with modern scientific fields. The main areas of demonology are usually the study of demons, a description of the behavior of demons, a description of the rites for summoning demons, fighting them, subjugating and controlling their forces, etc. Demonology accompanies many religious and mystical traditions, while religions themselves may be related to demonology and demons are sharply negative. The term can be used both in occultism and in scientific and historical works. A branch of theology that studies a supernatural, non-natured deity. Demonology is often manifested in folklore, fiction, mythology, magic, etc. A demonologist is an occultist who studies demonology, demons, evil spirits, and their intrigues against humans.

The science of demonology is rooted in antiquity. We have collected in the public domain a small part of the description and pictures for purely educational purposes. We do not undertake to comment and argue because we are not a guru. Everyone perceives information as he sees fit and uses it as he pleases.

V God save us all! V

1. Abraxas

Абраксас - Западная демонология

The creature with the cock's head is the Hellenistic god Abrasax (or Abraxas), who was often called the Demiurge, IAO. It is accompanied by solar symbolism: a rooster every morning announcing the return of the Sun - a symbol of rebirth, and a whip with a shield, with which he was most often depicted - symbolize the heat of the midday Sun. Abrasax was often depicted on magical amulets and gems of the Hellenistic era; Alexandrian Gnostic Vasilides called Abrasax the “Great Ruler of 365 Heaven” and the creator of the physical Universe. Abrasax belongs to the category of serpentine Solar Deities, which indicates a pronounced aspect of this god. Thus, Abrasax, the sun rooster, the creator of this world, symbolizes the productive power of the sun. But, unlike Christ, he is not directly connected with the Higher Aspect of the Solar Creator Logos.

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Абраксас - Западная демонология

1a. It was common for Christian writers to bring down the gods and goddesses of pagan religions and heretical sects to the level of demons. In fact, the deities of heretical religions served as the main source for Christian demons.

2.Agaliarept - AQALIAREPT

Агалиарепт — AQALIAREPT - Западная демонология

Agaliarept reports directly to Lucifer. Controls Europe and Asia Minor. Agaliarept has the ability to disclose the secrets of the judicial and executive authorities of any state in the world, and controls the past and future. He has access to the most secret secrets, he sows enmity and distrust between people. He is directly subordinated to three powerful demons - Buer, Guzoin and Botis), as well as the powerful spirit of Elelohap, who controls the waters. Agaliarept General-General Chef Ada, commander of the Second Legion of the Infernal Army and is portrayed as an adult with a droopy mustache.

Агалиарепт — AQALIAREPT - Западная демонология

2a.

3.Alozer - ALOCER

Алоцер — ALOCER - Западная демонология

The demon Alocer (or otherwise, Allocer, Alloces, Alokas) is the fifty-second demon described by McGregor Mathers and Alistair Crowley in his publication Goetia. “He is a prince, great, omnipotent and powerful, appearing in the form of a Soldier (or Warrior) riding a Great Horse. His face is like that of a lion, very red, with burning eyes. His voice is hoarse and loud. His service is to teach the art of astronomy and all humanities. He brings with him good “acquaintances,” and also rules 36 legions of spirits. ”

Алоцер — ALOCER - Западная демонология

3a.

4.Amdusias - AMDUSIAS

Амдусиас — AMDUSIAS - Западная демонология

Amdusias (also Amduscias and Amdukias) is one of the demons of hell described in Goetia, one of the manuscript grimoires also known as Lemegeton or Lesser Key of Solomon. Goetia claims this demon as follows: “He a prince, great and mighty, first appearing in the form of a Unicorn, but at the request of the caller, he stands before him in the form of a human being, while, but not immediately, pipes and many other musical instruments are heard. It also causes trees to bow and bend at the behest of the caller. He gives excellent "acquaintances" and controls 29 legions of spirits. " In the illustrations of Collin de Plancy, on the head of Amdusias is a crown to show that he is the prince of hell. He is depicted with a horse head, since unicorns are usually represented in the form of a horse. Two pipes lie on the ground, and a third hangs on his shoulder.

Амдусиас — AMDUSIAS - Западная демонология

4a. He can be considered the patron of modern rock music in the style of "heavy metal" because he has the ability to produce terrible clanking music, and if so, we must admit that he still copes well with his duties.

5.Ammit - AMMGG

Аммит — АММГГ - Западная демонология

One of the most terrible Egyptian demons is Ammit - a monster with hippo croup, the front of a lion and the head of a crocodile. The Egyptians were very afraid of all these animals, because they ate people. Ammit is a female demon known as the devourer of the dead and inhabitant of Amenta, the place where the sun sets. Egyptians called Amenta their cemeteries on the west bank of the Nile. The purpose of Ammita was to wait in the Palace of Justice, while on the Great Scales they laid the heart of a recently deceased person on one bowl and the feather of Maat on the other. God Thoth recorded the result. It was necessary for the scales to show the same weight, and the arrow of the scales to lie horizontally (see Budge, The Book of the Dead, p. 238). The soul, whose heart passed the test, was given shelter on the Field of Offerings ...

6.Avdras - ATTORAS

Авдрас — ATTORAS - Западная демонология

The Goetia of the demon Andras says the following: “He is the great Marquis, who appears as an angel with the head of a black night raven riding a mighty Black Wolf, holding up a sharp, bright sword. His service is to sow discord. If the caller is not careful, Andras will kill him and the rest of those present. He rules 30 legions of spirits. ”To explain this description, some explanations will prove useful. By night raven is meant an owl. Black wolves were once quite common in Europe. Both the wolf and the owl are considered animals representing evil. The mage performing the demon call is called an “exorcist” in the English translation of “Goetia,” as in the manuscript. Here we will not use the term "exorcist" due to the fact that in our days this term refers only to a person who performs the expulsion of demons from a person.

7.Apollion - Apollyon

Аполлион — Apollyon - Западная демонология

Cornelius Agrippa equated this demon with Abaddon and considered him the ruler of the lower shadow of the sphere of the planet Venus, which is Sephira Netzach on the Kabbalistic tree. “The seventh house is owned by the furies, who are the forces of evil, disagreement, war and devastation, whose prince in Revelations is called in Greek Apollion, in Hebrew - Avaddon, that is, destroying and devastating.” Agrippa quotes biblical verses - Revelation 9:11, which state: “By the king over them they had an angel of the abyss; his name is Hebrew in Avaddon, and in Greek, Apollion. " In the Old Testament, the name Abaddon is used for the place where the dead are placed. Literally, it means destruction or destruction. Apollion is the Greek equivalent of the word. The demons that Abaddon leads appear at the sound of the next (fifth) ship's pipe at the time of the Last Judgment. Demons appear in the form of locusts, which “are similar to horses prepared for war: and on its head, as it were, crowns resembling gold ones, its faces are like human faces; and her hair is like the hair of women, and her teeth are like those of lions; she wore armor, like iron armor, and the noise from her wings was like the sound of chariots when many horses flee to war ... ”

8.Asmodeus - ASMODAI

Асмодей — ASMODAI - Западная демонология

Regarding this demon, whose name is also spelled Asmodeus, Goetia writes the following: “He is the Great King, strong and powerful. He appears with three heads, the first of which belongs to the bull, the second to man, and the third - like a ram. He also has the tail of a snake, and flames come from his mouth. His feet are webbed, like a goose. He sits on a hellish dragon and holds a spear with a banner in his hand. Asmodeus is the first among the elect under the rule of Amaimon, he goes ahead of everyone. "" If a magician wants to call him, it is better to do this outside the house, and let him stand on his feet all the time without a headdress, since otherwise, if he he will be put on; Amaimon will deceive him and recall all his actions. But if the caller sees Asmodeus in the aforementioned guise, he should ask his name, saying: “Are you Asmodeus?” - and he will not deny this and will gradually bow to the ground. ” “He gives a ring of virtues, teaches arithmetic, astronomy, geometry and absolutely all crafts. He gives truthful and complete answers to all questions. It makes a person invisible. He shows the place where the treasure is hidden and guards it. He, among the legions of Amaimon, rules 72 legions of the spirits of hell. "

9.Astarot - ASTAROT

Астарот — ASTAROT - Западная демонология

The name of this demon is a derivative of Ashtarot. The "Red Dragon" says that he is the great prince of hell and is portrayed with his tongue hanging out, as if mimicking everyone and everything. Probably, it can be identified with Astar - the ancient Semitic astral deity, revered on a par with the goddess Astarta, as her formidable husband. In Ugaritic myths, he is one of the contenders for power over the world. Opposed to the god Bal, Astaroth is in Ugarit the embodiment of an evil principle; his usual epithet is "terrible." His image was revered for a long time in Ancient Yemen, where he was a god of war, formidable and strong and at the same time a god-protector, guardian of houses and tombs, protecting them from everything damaging and destroying. His divine wife Astarte was highly revered in Assyrian-Babylonian mythology, in Ancient Egypt she was identified with the fertility goddess Ishtar, who was perceived as the mistress of horses and chariots, the goddess of battles and, probably, associated with water and the water element. Astarte was also highly revered in Carthage and Cyprus, where she was even identified with the goddess of love Aphrodite. Astarte's images are known in the form of a naked horsewoman shooting from a bow. E. Waite identifies the image of this demon with the Olympic spirit of Tuesday.

10. Ashtarof - ASTAROTH

Аштароф — ASTAROTH - Западная демонология

The name Ashtarof probably comes from the name of the Canaanite goddess of fertility Astarte, revered by the Philistines, as well as in Sidon. For the ancient Jews, she was the wife of Baal and was identified with the planet Venus when she shone an evening star in the western horizon. She was one of the three Canaanite goddesses: Anat, Ashtart, and Asher. Jewish women may have called out to Ashtart during childbirth. As often happens, there is nothing like the character of the goddess Astarte and the demon Ashtarof, who is described as follows in Goetia: “He is a great and mighty prince, appearing in the form of a fallen angel astride a hellish beast, like a dragon, and holding in his right hand viper. In no case should you let him close to yourself, otherwise he will harm him with his fetid breath. Therefore, the magician must keep in front of his face a magic ring that will protect him. He gives truthful answers to questions about the past, present and future, and can also reveal all secrets. He will deliberately tell how the spirits fell and reveal the reason for his own fall. It can make a person extremely knowledgeable in all humanities. He rules over 40 legions of spirits. ” The magic ring has been a standard tool of the magician since the Middle Ages and Renaissance. It is described and illustrated by the most famous of all grimoires, “Goetia”. King Solomon used his own ring to seal a bronze vessel, where he put all the demons involved in the construction of the Temple. Therefore, the ring is very important. in magic originating from Solomon.

11. Azazel - AZAZEL

Азазель — AZAZEL - Западная демонология

Azazel is a famous demon of the desert, honored in the Old Testament (see Leviticus 16: 8). In the kabbalistic text “The Zohar” and in the book of Enoch, Azazel is one of the angels thrown from heaven for communication with mortal women. Probably, it can be identified with the Hellenic Prometheus: he teaches people magic, weapons and cosmetics. “And Azazel taught people how to make swords and knives and shields and breastplates and discovered for them metals and the art of processing them, and bracelets, and ornaments, and the use of antimony, and the tinting of eyelashes, showed all kinds of precious stones and all coloring compounds” (book Enoch 8: 1). In Milton’s Paradise Lost, a demon named Azazilus is the standard bearer of all the powers of hell. The Qur'an states that Azazil was cast down from heaven for refusing God to honor Adam. He said: “Why should the son of fire fall before the son of clay?” Azazel and Azazil are probably the same demon, although, as already mentioned, the similarity of names does not mean the identity of demons. The scapegoat, on whose head it was customary to lay all the sins of Israel, the ancient Jews drove into the desert for a reason, namely, as a sacrifice to Azazel. In the translation of the Bible by King James, the name Azazel was replaced by the word "scapegoat." The meaning of the name is not known with accuracy. Most Bible scholars believe this is the name of a demon, but the great Jewish scholar Rashi claimed it was a mountain with a precipice, implying that the scapegoat was thrown off a cliff as a sacrifice. “If you, the reader, are able to understand the secret of what is after the word“ Azazel, ”you will also understand his secret and the secret of his name. For there is much similar to it in the Scriptures, but I will reveal to you a part of this mystery by a hint, and when you pass 33, you will recognize it, ”wrote the famous poet and philosopher Ibn Ezra (1092–1167). EP Blavatsky sheds light on the secret of Azazel: “So Zohar says that Ishins, the beautiful B'ne Aleim (i.e. the Sons of God), were innocent, but mingled with mortal people because they were sent for this purpose to the ground.

12. Asiel - AZIEL

Азиэль — AZIEL - Западная демонология

Aziel is the keeper of hidden treasures. His three heads and serpentine fingers indicate a connection with the three-faced goddess Hecate, the Greek deity of sorcery and the underworld. The demon is depicted with a beard, but has a female torso with breasts, a narrow waist and wide hips. This indicates that Asiel is a bisexual creature. Its serpentine legs ending in a fish tail connect it with serpent monsters of the depths, for example, Leviathan. It is possible that his name is a derivative of the name of the fallen angel Azael, one of the Princes of the Watchmen, who descended to earth to mate with mortal women. Azael is mentioned in the Hebrew book of Enoch.

13. Bael - BAEL

Bael or Bael is notable for being the first of seventy-two demons in Goetia. Collen de Plancy identified him with the biblical deity Baal, changing the spelling of the name of the demon so that it matches the name of the deity, but as already noted, the similarity of the names does not always indicate identity. The word ba'al means God. The ancient Jews worshiped Baal in high places in the form of a phallic stone called massebah, probably the ritual was accompanied by copulations. He was the god of fertility, and, apparently, the name of the demon Belfegor came from him - one of the manifestations was Baal-Fegor (Numbers 25: 3). Regarding the demon Bael, the Goetia says the following: “The first chief spirit to rule in the east is called Bael. He makes you invisible. He rules 66 legions of hellish spirits. It appears in various forms, sometimes like a cat, sometimes like a toad, and sometimes in a human form. Sometimes it appears in all forms at once. He speaks in a hoarse voice. " Baphomet was called an idol, which was supposedly revered by the Knights of the Knights Templar. The original task of the order was to protect the life and property of Christian pilgrims traveling to the Holy Land and back. The existence of demon worship was discovered in 1307 during the interrogations of the knights, when they were accused by the king of France Philip IV of heresy. Twelve of the 231 interrogated knights confessed to the existence of an idol, which was described in different ways and contradictory. It was said that it was a bronze head with a long beard and sparkling eyes, or a human skull, or a painted image of a person, or a gilded figurine made of wood or metal, or a head with three faces, or a head painted on one side black, on the other - a white, or bearded silver-headed idol with four legs: two in front and two in the back.

14. Beelzebub - BEELZEBUB

Вельзевул — BEELZEBUB - Западная демонология

Beelzebub is the prince of hell, whose name is usually translated as “Lord of the Flies” (beelzeboub), but which probably should be translated as “Lord of the Earth” (beelzeboul). He is one of the oldest and most famous demonic figures, dating back to the local deity of the city of the Philistines, Akkaro-nu, which is mentioned in the Old Testament. “Ochoiah fell through the bars from his upper room, which is in Samaria, and fell ill. And he sent messengers and said to them: Go ask Beelzebub, the deity of Akkaron: will I recover from this disease? ”(4 Kings 1: 2). Obviously, Beelzebub had power over diseases, which may explain the generally accepted version of his name. Flies fly to the corpses of the dead and carry the disease to the living. In the Bible, ambassadors come to the priests of Beelzebub in Ekron (where his cult existed) to use the divination to find out whether a person will recover (II Samuel 1: 2). There are archaeological finds depicting flies, apparently dedicated to this deity. According to some, this turned out to be a desire to humiliate Satan by relegating him to the degree of a miserable "god of flies." This tendency manifests itself even more clearly with a different philological interpretation of the word in question - an interpretation according to which Beelzebub means “the god of manure” or any uncleanness and dirt. He was considered the main culprit of the excruciating disease of the possessed, usually retired from society to unclean places (cemeteries, etc.). The Gospels say that the Pharisees and scribes called Jesus Christ Beelzebub or claimed "that he casts out demons by the power of Beelzebub, the prince of demons. According to the vision of the obsessed Catholic nun, sister Madeleine of Ahn-en-Provence, this demon is none other than one of the rulers of the devil of the world. "Beelzebub was the prince of seraphim," it is written from her words, "the most important after Lucifer. All the princes, that is, the rulers of the nine orders of the angels, fell; three of the orders of the seraphim fell, namely: Lucifer, Beelzebub and Leviathan, and all of them rebellious “Madeleine’s sister further reports that Beelzebub’s service consists of tempting people with the sin of pride and that his heavenly adversary is St. Francis of Assisi. The great scientist, philosopher and magician of the Renaissance, Cornelius Agrippa placed Beelzebub among the demonic order of the False Gods, whose place, in his opinion, in the lower reflection of the sephira Kether: “There are some theological schools,” he wrote, “which distribute evil spirits into nine degrees, as opposed to nine orders of angels. Consequently, the first of them are those called False Gods and who, usurping the name of God, will be revered as gods, demand sacrifices and worship. Like the Devil, who said to Christ: “All this I will give to you, if, having fallen, you bow to me”, revealing to him all the kingdoms of the world; and their prince is the one who said: "I will ascend above the clouds and will be like the Highest, and who, therefore, is called Beelzebub, that is, an ancient god." This seems to put Beelzebub even higher than Lucifer. The head of the magical society "Golden Dawn", S.L. McGregor Mathers, assigned Beelzebub a place in the second demonic order, in the realm of Chokm, under Satan and Moloch, but above Lucifer (see “Disclosed Kabbalah,” tab IV). All these systems of associations are hypothetical, and none of them should be taken blindly as the highest authoritative source. The only thing that can be stated with certainty is that Beelzebub is on a hierarchical ladder of hell very high.

15. Belial - BELIAL

Белиал — BELIAL - Западная демонология

Books are written about few demons and legends are composed, but Belial received more attention than any other inhabitant of hell, not counting Lucifer himself. The Goetia claims that Belial is one of four demons locked in a copper vessel by the magic seal of King Soloman (they say that the other three are Ticket, Asmodeus and Gaap). Reginald Scott in Discoverie of Witchcraft talks about Belial as follows, which is clearly taken from Johann Virus's Pseudomonarchia daemonum. “Some say that King Belial was created immediately after Lucifer, and therefore is considered the father and seducer of the fallen angels. Since he fell first among the more worthy and wise, who walked before Michael and other heavenly angels ... ”Velial, Belial, Beliar, Veliar - the Bible is a demonic being, the spirit of nothingness, debauchery, lies and destruction.

16. Belfegor - BELPHEQOR

Белфегор — BELPHEQOR - Западная демонология

Belfegor is a demon of witty discoveries and inventions. His name seems to be derived from the distorted biblical Baal-Fegor, the idol worshiped by the Israelites in Shithim. This worship could be accompanied by sexual rituals with the “daughters of Moab,” which suggests that Baal-Fegor was the god of fertility. As usual, there is no connection between the characters of the demon Belfegor and the deity Baal-Fegor, although the name of the demon comes from the name of God. Mighty Demon of sex, assistant Velial.

17. Belzebut - BELZEBUT

Бельзебут — BELZEBUT - Западная демонология

One of the many younger demons is Belleebut. There are countless such obscure demonic creatures. The name of this demon, no doubt, comes from Beelzebub, but this does not mean that they have the same character. In a grimoire known as the “Le veritable dragon rouge,” Belzebut is described as the prince of hell. His hawk profile is likely to show that he is a prince of air. A.E. White associated the above portrait of Belzebut with Betor, the Olympic spirit of Thursday and the planet Jupiter.

18. Buer - BUER

Буэр — BUER - Западная демонология

The description of Buer given in Goetia may be incomplete. “He appears in Sagittarius, and this is his view when the sun is in this constellation. He teaches philosophy, both spiritual and natural, logic, as well as the virtues of all herbs and plants. It treats all mental disorders in a person and gives good “acquaintances”. He rules over 50 legions of spirits. ” Collin de Plancy presented Buer in the form of a lion's head, surrounded, like the spokes of a wheel, with five legs with hooves, so that he could roll on the ground. But probably the description of this demon in “Goetia” means that Buer resembles the symbol of the zodiac sign Sagittarius, that is, a centaur with a bow in his hands.

19. Cassiel - CASSIEL

Кассиэль — CASSIEL - Западная демонология

Cassiel, the ruling spirit of the Sabbath, in Barrett’s book “Magus” is clearly demonic. Strictly speaking, Cassiel is not a demon of hell, but the ruling spirit of the Sabbath. The magical actions falling under his authority are carried out precisely on Saturday, and in order to ensure their successful completion, his spirit is invoked. In Western magic, the line separating spirits and demons is always very subtle, as illustrated by Francis Barrett's Cassiel from Magus. Physically, nothing distinguishes Cassiel from the dozens of hell demons described in Goetia. He is depicted as a bearded king with wings and scaly skin, riding a winged dragon, with an arrow in his right hand. In the Fourth Book of Occult Philosophy, the grimoire falsely attributed to Cornelius Agrippa, Cassiel is described as the "bearded king riding a dragon." Francis Barrett, regarding the spirits of the Sabbath, argued that "their nature is to sow discord, hatred, evil thoughts and designs, to give permission to kill and maim every member." This is demonic behavior enough to correctly attribute Cassiel to the demons for all practical purposes. Barrett adds an interesting footnote about the royal appearance of this demon. “Those spirits that appear in the form of kings have much more dignity than those who take a lower form, and those who appear in the guise of a man are superior in power and power to those who take the form of animals. The latter, in turn, are superior to those appearing in the form of trees, tools, etc. Therefore, power and spirit can be judged by a noble and worthy appearance. ”

20. Kerber (Cerberus) - CERBERUS

Кербер (Цербер) — CERBERUS - Западная демонология

Not all demons look like humans. Cerberus is a Greek demon dog who faithfully guards the invincible gate to the underworld so that the souls of the dead do not escape back onto the sunlit surface of the earth, and so that the living cannot freely enter and leave Tartarus. He has three heads and a mane of snakes. In its earliest form, Cerberus had fifty goals, but only three remained later, which obviously did not benefit, since Orpheus, Hercules, Odysseus and later Dante passed it very successfully.

21. Dagon - DAQOW

Дагон — DAQOW - Западная демонология

Dagon is the deity of the Philistines, which is mentioned in the Old Testament in connection with the Ark of Accord. The Philistines placed the captured ark in the temple of Dagon in Ashdod in front of the statue of God. The next morning, they found that the statue lay face down on the floor. They installed it again, but in the morning the statue again lay on the floor of the temple, this time with its head and hands broken off. Dagon was a Semitic god adopted by the Philistines after the Canaanite invasion and so important a god that after the Philistines repelled Ark from the Israelites, they immediately erected his temple there. Dagon (or Dagan) was revered in Mesopotamia, in Ur in 2,500 BC His cult was popular among the Assyrians. It is possible that he was born as the god of vegetation and gradually evolved into the god of thunder. The Hebrew name Dagon means "Big Fish." This god was described in different ways in the guise of a fish and therefore sometimes identified with Poseidon. Dagon is the chief baker of the princes of hell, and we can only guess about their culinary preferences.

22. Eurynom - EURYNOME

Эврином — EURYNOME - Западная демонология

In the Pelasgian version of the Greek myth of the creation of the world, Eurynome is the name of the original mother of the gods and the dancing creator of the universe, who ruled on Olympus with her son and husband, the office titan, who had the form of a great serpent. The name Eurynome means "far wandering." In the form of a dove, she laid an egg containing everything in the universe. When Ophion seven times spun around an egg, it split in two and freed the sun, moon, planets, stars, mountains, rivers and living things. There is no apparent connection between the supreme goddess of creation and the grotesque male demon, illustrated in Coshen de Planet's Dictionnaire Infernal and, 1863. Infernal, Plansi. Often only the name of the pagan god served as the basis for the demon in grimoires, and in most cases this name was distorted. Here, the Greek name remained untouched, but the whole meaning of the goddess was lost.

23. Floros - FLAUROS

Флорос — FLAUROS - Западная демонология

The infernal demon Floros (also known as Chorea, Horace, Havres) is the sixty-fourth demon described in Goetia. “He is a great prince and first appears as a powerful, terrible and strong leopard, but after some time, by order of the caller, he takes on the guise of a man with burning, fiery eyes and a terrible expression on his face. He gives truthful answers to all questions about the past, present and future. But if he will not be in the magic triangle, he will lie about all these things and deceive the caller in everything that concerns such and such a thing. In the end, he will talk about the creation of the world and the divine essence, and how he and the other spirits fell. He will destroy and burn the enemies of the caller, if he desires it.

24. Forkas - FORCAS

Форкас— FORCAS - Западная демонология

The demon Forkas or Fourcas is described in Goetia as follows: “He is a knight and appears in the form of a cruel old man with a long beard and a gray-haired head, riding a light horse and with a sharp weapon in his hand. His service is to study the art of philosophy, astrology, rhetoric, palmistry and pyromancy in all their details and in full. Under his authority are 20 legions of spirits. " Palmistry or divination by hand is the art of predicting the future along the lines of the palm of the hand. Pyromancy - divination by flame. Ancient age was often associated in magic with secret knowledge. For example, the ancient god Saturn controls difficult explorations and dark secrets.

25. Harpy - HARPY

Гарпия — HARPY - Западная демонология

The harpies (from harpyiae: captors, robbers, or trespassers) were, according to Gssiod, the daughters of Tavmant and the oceanic Electra. Their names were Okipet and Aella. Hesiod describes them in his Theogony (Theogony): “Aella and Okipeta with beautiful hair that fly on their fast wings, like birds or the breath of the wind; they throw themselves high. " Later authors called them differently: Aellop, Nikotoy, Okitoy, Kalaeno, Akhloi, Podaro and Kelaino. Their names are said to mean gale-force winds. It was in this quality of a personified gale that they were described by Homer when they abducted the three daughters of King Fandaria in order to serve the Erinians (Furians). Their usual service is to refer criminals to the Furies for punishment. According to legend, they lived in a cave in Crete ...

26. Incubus, succubus - INCUBUS, SUCCUBUS

Инкубусы, суккубусы — INCUBUS, SUCCUBUS - Западная демонология

Incubus is one of the demons that embodies a whole class of creatures - male spirits of lust. The name comes from the Latin incubare (to lie on something, to lie burdened, burden). According to legend, when Incubus came to a sleeping woman and bought with her, she had nightmares and it was difficult to breathe. It was believed that Incubus was sitting on her chest or, in some cases, on her face.

Инкубусы, суккубусы — INCUBUS, SUCCUBUS - Западная демонология

26a. This feeling of heaviness on the chest is characteristic not only of incubuses, but also of their female equivalents, the succubus demons that visit sleeping men for the purpose of sexual contact. This feeling is very clear, precise and real and has nothing to do with sleep, although it is usually felt for a short period after awakening, when consciousness returns. Weight is not always localized on the chest, at times it can be felt on the face, stomach and legs.

Инкубусы, суккубусы — INCUBUS, SUCCUBUS - Западная демонология

26b. By force of will, you can drive away the demon, and then the pressure weakens. Sometimes a demon does not want to leave his place on his chest, stomach, groin and hips. In this case, this sensation lasts up to about thirty seconds after waking up, when consciousness has long returned. Weight is removed unexpectedly and noticeably. The feeling is exactly the same when a soft load is lifted from the body. You can actually feel the sensation of something rising and falling.

Инкубусы, суккубусы — INCUBUS, SUCCUBUS - Западная демонология

26th century Sometimes you can see the demon as a translucent, obscure form, pressing on the chest, it resembles a bright shadow in the air, has dimensions and mass, but no specific features. However, the demon can be clearly seen in the nightmare during his visit, and at the same time you can communicate with him. A visit to an in-cubus or succubus does not always bring a dream, and dreams do not always have a pronounced sexual character throughout their entire length. When such a dream occurs, a feeling of imminent ejaculation often appears, and at the same time, the weight of the demon on the chest is felt. The natural reaction to this is to force yourself to wake up, and at the same time the dream ends, and the feeling of a pressing load, but not immediately.

Инкубусы, суккубусы — INCUBUS, SUCCUBUS - Западная демонология

26d These demons receive a kind of food or pleasure from the human sexual energy. They have the ability to invade our dreams, mimicking their characters, and control the plot of the dream to direct it into a sexual channel. Thus they are fed by our sexual energy. Usually they portray people with whom we are familiar, and sometimes they are unfamiliar, so that we interact with them without fear (because a person wakes up from intense fear). However, from time to time, they directly appear in a dream and exhibit physical characteristics that can be called inhuman or demonic. As a rule, this causes an intuitive reaction of fear or disgust and interrupts sleep. In fact, there is nothing dangerous in visiting incubuses or succubuses, however, frequent visits can cause overwork. Some people who have no dealings with spirits may be afraid of the inhuman appearance that these spirits sometimes accept. Some incubuses and succubuses deliberately take on a terrible appearance to arouse intense fear or disgust, probably because they like the “taste” of these emotions mixed with sexual energy. One of the effective ways to stop visiting incubuses and succubuses is to reach a close, loving relationship with a familiar spirit, and then ask them to prevent other spirits from interfering with your sleep. A familiar spirit will serve as a mental bodyguard, preventing other spirits from bothering you. You may not follow this method, as visiting incubuses or succubuses can be quite entertaining.

27. Lucifer - LUCIFER

Люцифер — LUCIFER - Западная демонология

The name Lucifer means "light-bearer", "carrying light." This is the name of the morning star, i.e. Venus among the church fathers, this demon, “son of the dawn,” is the designation of the devil. This demon was originally a noble and powerful angel, but raised a rebellion in heaven against God's authority. For the sin of disobedience, Lucifer was cast into the netherworld along with the other angels who supported him in the war in heaven. “How did you fall from heaven Dennitsa, son of the dawn! Crashed on the ground, trampling peoples. And he said in his heart: “I will go up to heaven, above the stars of God I will lift up my throne and sit down on a mountain in the assembly of the gods, on the edge of the north, I will go up to the heights of the clouds ...” In a fallen state, his name became Satan. In the Christian tradition, this is the name of a proud and powerless copycat to the light that makes up the mystical "glory" of the deity. The romantic image of Lucifer was created by the English poet Milton in the epic poem Lost Paradise.

28. Mammon - MAMMUY

Маммона — МАММЮИ - Западная демонология

In the Talmud and the New Testament, the word "mammon" means "property", both monetary and property, but sometimes it is personified as a god or demon. “No one can serve two masters: for either he will hate one and love the other; or one will be zealous, but not happy about the other. You cannot serve God and Mammon ”(Matt. 6:24). It was common for Kabbalistic and Christian magicians to derive the names of angels from the functions and responsibilities described in Scripture, so it is not surprising to create the demon of Mammon from a biblical context. Mammon as a demon of wealth and greed found his face only in the Middle Ages. The nun St. Francis (1384-1440), who had visions, placed Mammon among the three princes of hell, subordinate only to Lucifer. "The first of them is Asmodeus, who was once a cherub, but now in charge of carnal sins. Next is Mammon, the demon of greed, who" sits on the throne "of this world. The third is Beelzebub, ruling idolaters. These three forces and Lucifer never leave their place of imprisonment, except by special permission of God, but they have legions and legions of subordinate spirits on earth who are responsible to them. " Judging by how much Mammon succeeds today, there can be no doubt that the holy nun was somewhat mistaken about his whereabouts, and this demon did not even think to leave the earth.

29. Marcocias - MARCHOCIAS

Мархоциас — MARCHOCIAS - Западная демонология

“Goetia” describes the demon Marcocias (or Marxiosias) as follows: “He is a great and mighty marquise, who first appears as a wolf with the wings of a griffin and the tail of a snake spewing fire from its mouth. But after a while, at the command of the caller, he assumes the appearance of a person. And he is a strong fighter. He is from the Order of Dominion. 30 legions of spirits obey him. He told his master, who was Solomon, that he was about to return to Seventh Heaven in 1,200 years. ”McGregor Mathers, the leader of Golden Dawn, prepared Goetia for the publication and added an interesting link to the description of this demon. “In one of the ancient manuscripts of the 17th century, very poorly written, you can read“ ox ”instead of“ wolf ”. The Mathers manuscript was published by Alistair Crowley, who made a note to this footnote: "He always appears to me in the form of an ox, and at the same time is very numb." Obviously, Crowley had in mind Mathers himself, his former teacher (such humor is typical of Crowley, who could not resist a flat joke or a pun), but it is possible that in his youth, during training in the "golden dawn", Crowley experimented with challenged by most, if not all, of the demons described in Goetia. His mentor at Golden Dawn, Allan Bennett, once accused him of being "unprofessional with Goetia."

30. Mephistopheles - MEFHISTOFHELES

Мефистофель — MEFHISTOFHELES - Западная демонология

The most famous, though not the most revered and far from the most powerful demon, owing much of his fame to the talent of the poet Johann Wolfgang Goethe and composer Charles Gounod, Mephistopheles (Mephisto, German: Mephistopheles), according to legend, served as a "acquaintance" to the German wandering scientist and to the magician, George (Johannes) Sabillik Faust (1480-1540?). The name of this demon is spelled differently, including Mephistopheles, Miphostophiles, Mephisto, Mephostophiles and Mephistophilis. Maybe Greek. origin - "hating the light", from me - not phos - light and pholos - loving; according to the other version, Hebrew. origin - from mefits - destroyer and tofel - a liar. Folklore and fiction from different countries and peoples often used the motive for concluding an alliance between the demon - the spirit of evil and man. This literary character first appeared in the German folk book The Tale of Dr. Faust ... (published in 1587), then he became the hero of the philosophical drama Faust by I.V. Goethe and other works (in the 20th century he inspired Pushkin and Dostoevsky (“The Brothers Karamazov”), in the 20th century T. Mann novel “Doctor Faustus”). Everywhere he acts as a companion and tempter of Faust, offering him power, knowledge, earthly goods in exchange for his soul. Dr. Faust is a hero of German folk legends and works of world literature and art, a symbol of the human desire for knowledge of the world. However, there is quite convincing evidence that Faust actually lived and practiced magic, although there is no evidence that he sold his soul to Lucifer or communicated with a demon named Mephistopheles. Living in Germany, he was known throughout the country as a fraudster and swindler. The great occultist Abbot Tritemius, who knew the Faust personally, spoke condemningly of him. Fedor Ivanovich Chaliapin created an unforgettable image of Mephistopheles in opera.

31. Moloch - MOLOCH

Молох — MOLOCH - Западная демонология

Moloch is another deity mentioned in the Old Testament. "Moloch" in Hebrew means "king." The Babylonians revered this deity, forcing their children - both girls and boys - to ritually go through the fire (II Samuel 23:10). It was a common form of purification and initiation, used in pagan times in honor of many gods. Apparently, this god was popular: the Israelites were explicitly prohibited from "idolatry with Moloch," i.e. to give his seed to Moloch or to offer his children to him (Leviticus 20: 2-5). Anyone who violated this order should have been killed by his neighbors. The historical point of view was that children were burned alive as a sacrifice to Moloch. This is absolute nonsense, and it is difficult to understand how this ridiculous idea was able to survive so many centuries unchanged. The usual tradition of passing fire was to jump over a bonfire. This demon is portrayed as an ugly creature with a bloodstained face, his main pleasure is drinking his mother’s tears.

32. Nybras- NYBRAS

Нибрас- NYBRAS - Западная демонология

The lower demon responsible for entertaining demons in hell - you can sympathize with him. Regarding the nature of these entertainments, we can only guess, but we believe that no human vices are alien to these creatures, and even more than that.

33. Nebiros - HEBIROS

Небирос — HEBIROS - Западная демонология

Nebiros is one of the inferior demons of hell. His portrait in Red Dragon connects the body of a caterpillar with the head of a child. He is accompanied by an image of a sheet. This suggests that Nebiros might have some power over insect-borne diseases or affect spoilage by insects. E. Waite associated the image of Nebiros with Full, the spirit of Monday, and the Moon.

34. Pan - RAI

Пан — РАИ - Западная демонология

Pan was an ancient Arcadian shepherd god who defended herds, flocks of poultry and hives. He also directed hunters to prey. According to legend, he had the body of a man with a beard, hairy legs, horns and ears of a goat. Sometimes he was portrayed with a short fluffy tail. His coarse face constantly reflected a lascivious, carnivorous look. In the evenings, Pan enjoyed mountain nymphs, and in the afternoon slept in a cave after drinking. He loved to boast that he mated with all the maenads, nymphs - companions of the god of winemaking Dionysus. He also seduced Selena, the goddess of the moon, hiding his dark goat hair under a freshly washed light fleece. Robert Graves lovingly calls him “the shameless old Arcadian god with goat legs” (“The Greek Myths”, vol. 1, sect. 21-s). In the Middle Ages, the legend of the death of Pan (Francois Rabelais "Gargantua and Pantagruel") was spread.

35. Pazuzu - PAZUZU

Пазузу — PAZUZU - Западная демонология

Pazuzu is a relatively inconspicuous Sumerian plague demon, especially the hot southeast winds that carried this disease. In our time, he would have remained almost unknown if not for the irony of fate. This demon was chosen to play the role of a star in the acclaimed film Exorcist. It was Pazuzu who moved into the little girl and made her head rotate 360 ​​degrees, he was the cause of all the troubles that she had to endure during the film. I understand that Pazuzu received a percentage of the exorcist’s profits and has since moved to the tropical regions of hell to avoid the taxes his old friend Mammon levied on him. But these are only rumors. Pazuzu is characterized by four wings, a lion’s head and legs and a human body. The scorpion's tail is not shown in the illustration. He has power over the plague carried by the winds, can bring it or take it away. The small figurine shown in the illustration was found in the Sumerian ruins facing southeast, supposedly to divert the evil southeast winds.

36. Phoenix - RNOI1X

Феникс — РНОЕИ1Х - Западная демонология

Usually we do not associate the phoenix with demons. Phoenix is ​​a mythical bird, known in ancient times for its immortality. According to legend, it resembled an eagle with red and gold feathers and a star on its forehead. Greek writers, starting with Herodotus, talk about the sacred bird of the Egyptians, like an eagle, flying every 500 years (Pliny - 540, Martial - 1000, etc.) from Arabia to Iliopol for burial in their local temple of Ra of their father, enclosed in an egg. According to Epiphanius, Testimony, etc., the Phoenix himself flies to die in Iliopol. Here it is burned in incense; from the ashes, he is reborn again, first in the form of a caterpillar, which on the third day begins to turn into a bird and on the 40th day it is finally made and flies home to Arabia. The reason for these stories was the existence of a Benn bird in Iliopolis, dedicated to Ra, the god of the sun, who came from the east, dying every evening and resurrected every morning. As a symbol of resurrection, the Phoenix was also considered dedicated to Osiris and was called his soul. In Iliopolis there was a temple called Habennu, that is, the “temple of the Phoenix”; there was a sacred tree on which he sat and on whose leaves the gods recorded royal anniversaries; on it he was born in the morning among incense and flame. In Tanis, the Phoenix was revered as the bird of Osiris. In addition, he was honored in the small Diospol, near which was the island of Ta-Benny (Tabennh) - the "phoenix" - the founding place of the first monastery. There are several versions regarding how the phoenix was reborn. The Roman poet Ovid claims that after living 500 years, the bird builds a nest of rare spices on top of a palm tree or stone oak, lays in it and dies. A phoenix chick rises from her body, who will live another 500 years before again being reborn to life. Then the young bird carried the nest and corpse of the old bird to the city of Heliopolis in Egypt and left them at the door of the temple of the sun god, Helios. The corpse wrapped in spices was burned on the altar of Helios. One version of this legend says that the old phoenix beat its wings on the altar of Helios, as a result of which his body flared up and turned into ashes. The same bird rose from the ashes of the young. Another version says that when an old bird died in a nest, a white worm appeared from its decaying corpse, which grew into a new phoenix. Due to its ability to return to life, the phoenix has become a symbol of the great works of alchemy, which in an understated sense is the transformation of simple metals into gold, and in the highest sense - the transformation of a mortal man into an immortal superman. The inclusion of the Phoenix in the catalog of demons clearly shows that during the Middle Ages, superstitious Christians considered all fabulous or strange creatures from classical myths to be devilish and wicked. The beautiful spiritual aspect of the legend of the phoenix was discarded almost completely, although its echo exists in Goetia in the notes on the demon Phoenix and his hope of returning to heaven. Goetia places Phoenix as the thirty-seventh of 72 demons imprisoned in a bronze vessel by the seal of King Solomon. “He is the great marquis and appears in the form of a Phoenix bird with the voice of a child. He sings in front of the caller a lot of beautiful songs that he should not notice, but little by little he should ask him to take the form of a man. Then, if necessary, he will speak in amazing words about all the wonderful sciences. He is a great poet. And he will gladly fulfill all the requirements. He also has the hope of returning to the Seventh Throne in another 1,200 years, as he told King Solomon. He rules over 20 legions of spirits. ”

37. RONWE - RONWE

Ронве — RONWE - Западная демонология

Ronve is one of the younger demons that provides knowledge in foreign languages. The stick that is worn under the armpit is probably intended for whipping lazy students. He looks like a real teacher, and he reminds the author of some of his old teachers. This demon may be Ronova’s demon, mentioned in “Goetia” and “Discoverie of Witchcraft” by Reginald Scott, who says: “Ronova is a marquis and count, he resembles a monster, he brings unique rhetoric knowledge, loyal servants, knowledge of languages, the benevolence of friends and enemies. 19 lefef; - '/ gion spirits obey him ”. In past centuries, the word "monster" was applied to disfigured people, such as the famous elephant man. In this sense, in the Hellish Dictionary of Colleen de Plancy, Ronve’s view is disfigured.

38. Satan - SATAN

Сатана — SАТАN - Западная демонология

In modern Western culture, as a rule, the devil is not distinguished from Satan and Lucifer. These names are considered as different aspects of the same creature, the devil. But even in this case, it will be useful to distinguish between them, since this will help to fully determine the nature of the ruler of hell, as it has been understood in the folklore of European Christians for over a thousand years. The word "devil" comes from the Greek diaballein - "to slander, defame." Hence the devil is a great deceiver who puts obstacles in the way of mankind. The name Lucifer comes from the Latin "bringing light, bringing light" (see above). That was the name of the angel who led the rebellion against God and was cast down into the underworld as a punishment for wanting to become independent. Lucifer was the name of the Devil when he was still an angel ... However, having headed the netherworld, he accepted the name (or title?) Of Satan. But the biblical “Book of Job” directly proves that Satan was among the angels before the rebellion: “And there was a day when the sons of God came to appear before the Lord, and Satan came between them. And the Lord said to Satan: where did you come from? And Satan answered the Lord and said: I walked the earth and went round it ”(Job 1: 8).

39. Satanahia - SATATiACHIA

Сатанахия — SATATiACHIA - Западная демонология

In The Red Dragon, Satanachia is introduced as the great general of hell. His image is the most amazing among all demons. He sits inside a crescent, his body is covered with a shell, another crescent is behind his head. It can be either some kind of flower, or some unprecedented insect. It is difficult to determine what. It is necessary to remember the above remark by Francis Barrett: if the demon is very powerful, he appears in the guise of man. Animal demons have less power. Even lower are demons in the form of insects or plants. The most non-essentials are demons in the form of objects. Satanahia is titled as anshef general, it is believed that he possessed a deep knowledge of all the planets and commanded all earthly matters, he also helped demons to establish close ties with people living on earth.

40. Ourobes - UROBACH

 - Западная демонология

Collin de Plancy illustrates Ourob-ha with a night pot filled with hot coals, presumably to fry sinful souls in hell. It is all - ears, nose, eyes and mouth, which indicates a severity of feelings in order to savor the torment of its victims. This creature may be the same as the demon Orobas mentioned in “Goetia” and “Discoverie of Witchcraft” by Reginald Scott. The latter speaks of this demon in such a way: “Orobas is a great prince, he appears in the form of a horse, but when he puts on a human form, he speaks of heavenly virtue, OH gives truthful answers to questions about the past, present and future, talks about virtue and creation the world does not deceive and tempt anyone. He gives the dignity, favor of friends and enemies and rules twenty legions. "

Jewish ritual killings and sacrifices

Blood, betrayal, torture and, finally, surrender intertwined in the fate of the Italian Jew, Dr. Ariel Toaff. He and his story could have gone off the pen of his compatriot, Umberto Eco. Dr. Toaff made a discovery that terrified him, but he courageously continued his work. Then the Jewish community put so much pressure on the scientist that he broke and was forced to repent and renounce. This did not happen in the Middle Ages, but today.

Ariel Toaff was born into the family of the chief rabbi of Rome. A professor at the Bar-Ilan Jewish Religious University, not far from Tel Aviv, he gained fame thanks to a fundamental study of medieval Jewish history. Toaff's three-volume work Love, Labor, and Death (subtitle: The Life of Jews in Medieval Umbria) is a real encyclopedia on this rather narrow topic. While working on the book, the scientist discovered that medieval Ashkenazi Jewish communities in northern Italy practiced a particularly cruel form of human sacrifice. Sorcerers and their accomplices abducted and killed Christian babies, and their blood was used in magical rituals, trying to bring the spirit of revenge on the hated gentiles.

It would be much easier to condemn the book if its author were a Christian. One could brand a scientist for anti-Semitism. One could ignore the radical Jews of the diaspora, who not only attack Israel’s policies, but sometimes even question their right to exist. Such can simply be called self-haters. But things get much more complicated when a Jewish scholar from a Jewish religious university raises a topic that arouses primitive fears among Jews.