Do you smoke? Bullshit or the whole truth about smoking, which is inconvenient to all
Smoking - pyrolytic inhalation (inhalation of smoke) of drugs, mainly of plant origin, smoldering in the flow of inhaled air, in order to saturate the body with the active substances contained in them by sublimation and subsequent absorption in the lungs and respiratory tract. As a rule, it is used for the use of smoking mixtures with narcotic properties ( tobacco, hashish, marijuana, opium, crack, etc. ) due to the rapid flow of psychoactive substances into the brain. Also, the word smoking or burning means the burning or evaporation of incense and aromatic substances used in religious rituals, in aromatherapy and for the aromatization of air.
For countries and territories of the world that provide relevant information in WHO, the prevalence of tobacco smoking among adults varies from 4% in Libya to 54% in Nauru. The top ten countries in which tobacco smoking is most common include, in addition to Nauru, Guinea, Namibia, Kenya, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Mongolia, Yemen, Sao Tome and Principe, Turkey, Romania. Russia in this series of 153 countries ranks 33rd (37% of smokers among adults). However, despite the fact that, for example, the United States ranks 98th in this row (24%), the average per capita consumption of cigarettes here is higher than in many countries of the world with a higher smoking prevalence among adults. If the United States consumes an average of about 6 cigarettes per capita (that is, including children and all non-smokers), then in Russia it is less than 5. And the highest level of per capita cigarette consumption in Greece is almost 12 pieces per person per day. According to the latest WHO, the country with the lowest percentage of smokers in the world is Turkmenistan.
Do you smoke? However, it does not matter. You're still on either side of the barricades. For this world has long been torn apart by a war in which two armies are fighting - Tobacco Leaf and Clean Air.
Is smoking dangerous to health?
The funny thing is that so far no one has been able to confirm 100% that smoking is dangerous, or to refute this idea. Neither scientifically nor statistically.
It is reliably known that in heavy smokers the working volume of the lungs decreases, during exercise, the pulse increases more and dyspnea appears faster than in non-smokers. It is certain that smokers have increased metabolism, so they gain weight worse and lose it faster. It is not yet possible to judge how dangerous these changes are for life. Because, as soon as the case begins to touch the nicotine addiction, both scientists and statisticians give up.
Yes, up to 70% of those who die of lung cancer are smokers or who quit smoking. But if we take the main age-social-sex slice of such dead, then it turns out that it is 70% of the former or real smokers.
Yes, shortness of breath when going up to the fifth floor is not good. But smokers are 15% faster to solve the problems of tests on the intellectual coefficient. And two times less die from diabetes.
Yes, pregnant smokers, children are more likely to be born with a lack of weight. But smokers are 50% less likely to have dangerous prenatal preeclampsia, and the number of cases of toxicosis decreases by a third. Lung emphysema occurs in smokers twice as often, but Alzheimer's is three times less common, as is Parkinson's disease.
That is - official medicine beats the gong of victory - that's all! It has been fully established that smokers are more at risk of becoming victims of frostbite - their tissues are less resistant to cold. Proved, verified, safe! Let's fight the bad habit! But then the report of the British Medical Academy about a sharp decrease in the number of ulcerative colitis among smokers compared with non-smokers is creeping up - no, well, what a meanness ...
The summary once again shows: statistics is a false, inaccurate and insane science. But much worse, it turns out when this statistic is suddenly put in order.
The wild scandal ended in 1993 with the appearance of the Australian Bureau of Statistics medical report on the health status of the continent's population in 1989-1990. There is still need to take into account that in Australia with its centralized system of medical centers and medical insurance any statistical studies look much more convincing and larger than the data of European and American centers.
So, according to this report, the health of Australian smokers in general was better than the health of non-smokers or quit smoking.
Atherosclerotic diseases and oncology - the two main scarecrows in the fight against smoking - showed very modest results for those who, according to their testimony, do not let out smoking sticks from their mouths, compared to their non-smokers. Considering how much antinicotine lobbyists managed to pump out of their own pockets of state pockets for their great struggle just at that time, then it would be worthwhile for their compilers to feed them to sharks frolicking in the coastal waters of Sydney ...
Compared to this bomb, one could even ignore the traditionally disgusting results of Greece (the highest percentage of smokers in Europe and at the same time the lowest level of oncology and diseases of the circulatory system). What is this Greece - in the end they have the sun, wine, mountain air, folk dances there.
How nicotine works
Tobacco contains nicotine alkaloid. When tobacco burns, some of the nicotine enters the body through the lungs and mucous membranes along with the smoke. After that, along with blood, nicotine is spread to all organs and begins to penetrate into the cells of tissues. In fact, it’s not so easy to get into our cell - face control at the entrance will be more serious than in the elite club itself, and there is nothing special for the guests on the outside list to catch.
But nicotine was lucky. Some of the cell receptors, designed to ensure unhindered access inside the natural enzyme of our body - acetylcholine, perceives nicotine as one of the forms of this enzyme. And opens the door wide. The actions that nicotine has on the body are very many.
It increases heartbeat, constricts blood vessels (and at the same time contributes to their growth), interacts closely with neurons of the brain, stimulates the production of dopamine's pleasure enzyme - there is practically no area inside us where nicotine wouldn’t stick its nose. But at the same time there are no too violent changes in us.
Unlike alcohol, for example, nicotine behaves quite modestly, very quickly integrates into the general metabolic workflow and is so much in the way of our body that, having recovered quickly after the first vomiting and dizziness, it starts demanding more and more new portions of it. substances, considering it henceforth to be a legitimate part of their own system.
Now they don’t cut their heads yet, but, apparently, everything goes to that. Sixteen years ago, the largest tobacco companies in the United States already recognized their commitment to pay 46 states $ 206,000,000 to cover the costs of health insurance for smokers. Insurance companies long danced victory dances. Still, most of the existing diseases fell under the “nicotine amnesty” - it was enough for the patient to indicate that he was a smoker, and bills for his treatment were sent to centers for the distribution of tobacco subsidies. Taking into account that tobacco products are already subject to enormous taxes, and the companies themselves regularly pay multimillion sums on claims of private “victims”, it would seem that one can be satisfied with such indemnity. It was not there.
In January 2014, the United States Department of Justice and the five largest tobacco companies Philip Morris USA, Reynolds American, British American Tobacco, Liggett Group and Lorillard Tobacco reached an agreement after 15 years of litigation. Initially, the Justice Ministry was demanding $ 280 billion from cigarette manufacturers for allegedly participating in a criminal conspiracy fifty years ago, hiding from the public that smoking is addictive, and the smoke that is inhaled is dangerous, and arguing that "light" cigarettes are less harmful.
As a result, tobacco companies were found guilty of deceiving consumers, but they forgave the fine of a tidy sum, forcing them only to publicly confess to the crime. If the Ministry of Justice insisted on payment, then these giants of industry would simply go bankrupt.
Why is tobacco so afraid?
Money going into the fight against smoking, which is burst out of tobacco companies and issued from state budgets, is amounts with a large number of zeros. It is not surprising that such a golden glitter attracts so many fiery fighters, angry speakers and passionate guardians for the happiness of mankind. People will always pay two types of citizens, this is the royal philosopher Marcus Aurelius said: "To those who entertain them, and to those who frighten them."
Of course, entertainment show business has a bigger scale anyway, but the “scarecrow” case is also flourishing for itself.
Hundreds of funds safely pocket millions of tobacco, feeding doctors and journalists, politicians and public figures. Of course, you can still fight with abortions, with power stations, with genetically modified products, with bad ecology, with a crisis of overproduction, with the automotive industry ...
But in most of these cases, too powerful forces usually stand on the side of the “defect”, which so far quite successfully resist such attacks. Try to back on the same genetically modified foods as follows - half of all US farmers will rise against you, there are no fools with such bulls. And the tobacco companies were quite fat and appetizing, but at the same time too weak. Atu them, atu!
Successes in dealing with the demonic potion stun the imagination - the bastions fall behind the bastions. Smokers weighed red flags on all sides, they killed a non-smoker, that those with smoking things in their mouth encroach upon your life and freedom. They smoke your children, and they grow up stupid freaks, they deprive men of sexual strength, they jinxed your cows and dance naked on Bald Mountain! .. In general, the old recipes still work well.
To convince a modern non-smoker that a person with a cigarette at the other end of the restaurant doesn’t do him any harm — it's like five hundred years ago trying to tell the pious man in the city of Cologne that the witches really do not ferment the milk and do not spoil the children maternal womb.
The strangest poison in the world
Nicotine boils at a temperature of 140-145 ° C, dissolves in water, ether and alcohol, is a very strong poison. A drop of nicotine in a few centimeters kills a horse. It's true.
But now the dog needs two or three drops, and if you take a goat or a sheep, then these animals will calmly drink ten drops, without even drooping.
Amoebas in general can perfectly exist, frolicking in a one percent nicotine solution, but for some reason the tubercle bacillus instantly throws down the hoof (or whatever it still has) even in the presence of an insignificant amount of this alkaloid in the environment their patients not to rush to quit smoking, and at first cure).
If a non-smoking person eats twenty cigarettes, he either dies or is permanently damaged in the mind, but smoking helps schizophrenics to block the attacks of insanity - nicotine has a beneficial effect on the functioning of their neurons. The leech, which was used to suck the smoker’s blood, lives on average 20% longer than its non-smokers' peers, but if a person with a leech’s set will smoke at this time, the animal will die very quickly in terrible convulsions.
6 reliable ways to reduce the harm from smoking
Do not smoke more than half a cigarette
It is better to immediately light the next one, throwing a cigarette butt, the darkened filter of which is already poorly coping with the absorption of harmful substances.
Do not smoke on an empty stomach
Even if you belong to those creative individuals who, having opened their eyes in the morning, immediately begin to fumble smoking accessories on a bedside table - prepare a bedside table in the evening so that the hand stumbled first on some yogurt or fruit. Rape yourself - eat them. Now you can smoke with a sense of accomplishment.
If you could compensate each smoked cigarette with half of an apple eaten on the same day, the harm from smoking in your case would be minimized - the substances contained in the apple would help your body to restore the balance of trace elements and reduce the risk from exposure to carcinogens. But, of course, you can't stuff so many apples into yourself. So just eat as much as you like.
Do not put a cigarette in your mouth
Smoke will be inhaled even if you just press the filter to the almost closed lips. Just it will be less. At first it will be unusual to smoke this way, but what is good to be a smoker is that you get used to it very quickly.
Breathe fresh air and move.
It is better to smoke twenty cigarettes and make an hour jog in the park, than not to smoke a single one and spend the whole day in a stuffy room. If remorse makes you spend twenty minutes longer in the gym and sleep with the window open, it means that your smoking is not so harmful in general.
Do not gnaw yourself, do not torment yourself, do not scare yourself with cancer and emphysema. Well, if you smoke, do it with pleasure and a pure heart. Fears, nervousness and hypochondria themselves often become the causes of serious diseases, and not only nervous ones. Many experts are sure that forever expecting the worst and tormenting with anxieties one can provoke the development of oncological diseases.