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Dry Skin Care

Уход за сухой кожей

In youth, dry skin shows its best side: peach cheeks, thin pores, lack of oily sheen - these are qualities that can only be dreamed of by those who during puberty suffer from acne and pimples. But you have to pay for these advantages, it becomes obvious by the age of twenty-five. If there was no proper care for dry skin, a lack of moisture and fat will affect it very quickly and noticeably: the skin will be pulled; lichen spots, irritations and early wrinkles will urgently require cosmetic assistance.

Dry skin lacks first fat and then moisture
The lack of activity of the sebaceous glands is to blame for the increase in dryness. They produce less fat than is required to form a natural protective film. This film, a natural “cream” of fat, sweat and moisturizers, maintains the elasticity of the stratum corneum. It makes the skin resistant to harmful external influences and protects primarily from drying out. Up to twenty years, this drawback is not noticeable, but after twenty, the production of fat is reduced more and more. Natural sebum is the best way to preserve moisture, so its lack immediately affects moisture. Horn cells become dry, flaky, their mutual connection weakens, and moisture can easily evaporate. Harmful irritants can also get inside, so dry skin often becomes painfully sensitive and ages faster. Unfortunately, even better care will not cause the flaccid sebaceous glands to produce more fat. They respond to certain hormonal signals according to the plan laid down in the body genetically, and there is no way to influence it. But proper care in any case can compensate for what the skin lacks.

Basic dry skin care
Dry skin is very delicate. You need to take care of her, even occasionally pamper her. Nevertheless, the motto for daily care is this: better is less, but better. Because dry skin is not only touchy to neglect, but also does not like to be overloaded with care products or too often stuffed with new drugs. A small, finely tuned program, sequentially conducted every day, is best for dry skin. In practice, this means:
• In the evening, cleanse the skin, preferably with a soft milk that contains, in addition to everything, soothing and nutrients. (You can also use cleansing creams, oils or syndet specifically for dry sensitive skin.) Cosmetic milk is soluble in water, so you can just rinse it off with warm tap water. If the water is very hard, then with dry skin it is recommended that after washing, moisten a cotton swab with toilet water for the face (non-alcoholic) and gently wipe the skin. Otherwise, residual salts will dry the skin. Then you need to apply a night cream rich in fats and moisturizers. If the skin is especially poor in moisture, a pure moisturizer, such as a hydrogel, can be applied under the night cream.
• In the morning, it’s enough to refresh dry skin with warm water and / or use face water again. After that, apply a day cream, light in consistency, but rich in content, that is, having in its composition oils and moisturizers. In addition, the day cream should contain filters that protect the skin from light aging.

Substances most useful for dry skin
So-called ceramides have shown themselves especially well. These are fat-like substances resembling a natural fastening lubricant between skin cells and very well compensating for its deficiency. Due to this, the retention of moisture by the stratum corneum noticeably improves.
Creams with sasancoua oil or other unsaturated fatty acids such as linoleic or gamma-linoleic acid work well on dry skin. They provide soft skin and better moisture binding.

What to use less often with dry skin
• These include, for example, a sauna, sweatshops and swimming in chlorinated water. At the same time, valuable protective substances are washed out, which it can be difficult to replenish. To facilitate this, immediately after the procedure, apply a thick layer of oily moisturizer or make a mask - nourishing or moisturizing. Special advice for lovers of swimming: before jumping into the water, rub a moisture-resistant sunscreen into the skin of the face, neck and décolleté.
• Horn peeling exfoliators are usually not required for dry skin at all.
• Hardening masks and alcohol-containing eau de toilette - something that is best avoided with dry skin.
• Low-fat gel preparations should also be used only in combination with skin creams.
• New care products should not be tested on themselves in winter, when the skin already feels difficult due to the cold and low humidity. Spring and fall are better suited for this.
External irritants such as the sun, dry air and improper care, as well as the inevitable aging process, reduce the natural moisture reserve in the skin. Therefore, just with dry skin, you should avoid everything that (even from the outside, at least from the inside) additionally takes away moisture from the skin.