- sexual attraction to persons of their gender. The word "homosexual" comes from the Greek root "homo", which means "the same", and the Latin word "sexus" is gender. Gay men are called "blue" in everyday life. Pederasty (from the Greek "pederasty" - love for boys), or sodomy is called the form of male homosexuality, in which sexual intercourse is performed by inserting the penis into the rectum. Female homosexuality is called lesbianism (lesbian love), or safism, after the ancient Greek poetess Sappho, who lived on the island of Lesbos and was obsessed with this attraction. According to US scientists, about 4% of men and 3% of women throughout their lives adhere exclusively to homosexual behavior. In addition, a certain part of women and men have the same sexual attraction to persons of either sex, they are called bsexuals.
It is necessary to distinguish homosexuality as a pathological attraction to the same-named clients (inversion) from homosexual behavior acquired during a certain period of life. The latter can also form in a person with heterosexual inclinations under the influence of relevant external factors (seduction, coercion, curiosity, self-interest). Such individuals are called randomly inverted, or pseudo-homosexuals. In the West and in the USA, it is increasingly believed that homosexuality is not a pathology, but a variant of the norm, which has the same right to exist as heterosexuality. However, in recent years a new wave of discrimination against homosexuality has flared up in connection with the spread of AIDS, especially among homosexuals.
The causes of homosexuality are still not fully understood. There are different opinions about the origin of this phenomenon. Some believe that the formation of a homosexual drive is due to genetic (hereditary) factors, while others attribute this to a pathology of the central nervous system, endocrine disorders. Many proponents of Freud's psychoanalytic theory.
Homosexual sexual relationships leading to mutual sexual satisfaction are diverse. Most often, this is mutual masturbation, oral-genital contacts (stimulation of the genital organs with the help of the mouth), friction of the genital organs on various parts of the partner’s body, etc. The division of homosexuals into active (male role) and passive (female role) is valid only in cases of pederasty. For women, such a distribution of roles is not at all characteristic.