- Sexual attraction to people of the same sex. The word "homosexual" comes from the Greek root "homo", which means "the same", and the Latin word "sexus" is gender. Male homosexuals are called "blue" in everyday life. Pederasty (from the Greek "pederasty" - love for boys), or sodomy is called the form of male homosexuality, in which sexual intercourse is performed by introducing the penis into the rectum. Female homosexuality is called lesbianism (lesbian love), or safism, after the ancient Greek poetess Sappho, who lived on the island of Lesbos and was obsessed with this attraction. According to US scientists, about 4% of men and 3% of women throughout life adhere exclusively to homosexual behavior. In addition, a certain proportion of women and men have the same sexual attraction to persons of both sexes, they are called bnsexuals.
It is necessary to distinguish homosexuality as a pathological attraction to the same-sex gender (inversion) from the homosexual behavior acquired during a certain period of life. The latter can also be formed in a person with heterosexual inclinations under the influence of relevant external factors (seduction, coercion, curiosity, self-interest). Such persons are called accidentally inverted, or pseudo-homosexuals. In the West and in the USA, the opinion is increasingly being expressed that homosexuality is not a pathology, but a variant of the norm that has the same right to exist as heterosexuality. However, in recent years a new wave of discrimination of homosexuality has broken out in connection with the spread of AIDS, especially among homosexuals.
The causes of homosexuality are still not completely understood. There are different opinions about the origin of this phenomenon. Some believe that the formation of homosexual attraction is due to genetic (hereditary) factors, others attribute this to the pathology of the central nervous system, endocrine disorders. Many supporters of Freud's psychoanalytic theory.
Sexual contacts of homosexuals, leading to mutual sexual satisfaction, are diverse. Most often it is mutual masturbation, oral-genital contact (stimulation of the genital organs with the help of the mouth), friction of the genital organs on various parts of the partner's body, and so on. Separation of homosexuals into active (male role) and passive (female role) is valid only in cases of pederasty. For women, such a distribution of roles is generally not characteristic.