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Collapse


A rapid decrease in blood pressure due to a sudden decrease in vascular wall tone and heart failure. Often develops during an injury or in the near future after it, but can be observed during intoxication, acute infection, bleeding, etc.
Symptoms and course:
Characterized by sudden pallor, small and frequent pulse, low pressure, shallow and shallow breathing, the appearance of cold sweat, cold extremities, low body temperature, retardation, and sometimes blackout, which is usually preserved with shock.
Recognition:
The clinical picture of collapse and shock is very similar and the differences between them consist only in the fact that during the collapse of the primary violations of the cardiovascular system, with shock, disorders of the functions of the nervous system develop first and prevail.
Treatment:
It should be to eliminate the causes of cardiovascular weakness (blood loss, intoxication, etc.). To do this, transfuse blood, its components and blood substitutes. In addition, emergency measures are taken to stimulate cardiovascular activity.