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The inclined position of the head with a swing to the side caused by a change in the soft tissues, skeleton and nerves of the neck.
The cause of congenital torticollis is a defect in the development of the cervical spine (for example, an additional sphenoid vertebra) or, more often, a shortening of the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
There is acquired torticollis in connection with the pathological process of the spine, muscles, as a result of a long vicious position of the head due to the characteristics of professional work or limited vision in one eye. With a prolonged existence of a neck curve, the patient develops facial asymmetry.
Diagnosis is simple, based on the characteristic position of the head. Radiography of the cervical spine is important to determine the cause of the disease.
Treatment is determined by causality: when the sternocleidomastoid muscle is shortened, plastic surgery is performed to cut or plastic muscle lengthening to restore the correct position of the head.