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The inclined position of the head with a twist to the side, caused by changes in the soft tissues, skeleton and nerves of the neck.
The cause of congenital torticollis is a developmental defect of the cervical spine (for example, an additional wedge-shaped vertebra) or, more often, shortening of the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
There is an acquired torticollis in connection with the pathological process of the spine, muscles, as a result of a long, vicious position of the head due to the peculiarities of professional work or limitation of vision in one eye. With the long existence of the curve of the neck, the patient develops asymmetry of the face.
Diagnosis is simple, based on the characteristic position of the head. To determine the cause of the disease is important radiography of the cervical spine.
Treatment is determined by causation: when shortening the sternocleidomastoid muscle, plastic surgery is performed to cut or lengthen the muscle to restore the correct position of the head.