The inclined position of the head with a swing to the side caused by a change in the soft tissues, skeleton and nerves of the neck.
The cause of congenital torticollis is a defect in the development of the cervical spine (for example, an additional sphenoid vertebra) or, more often, a shortening of the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
There is acquired torticollis in connection with the pathological process of the spine, muscles, as a result of a long vicious position of the head due to the characteristics of professional work or limited vision in one eye. With a prolonged existence of a neck curve, the patient develops facial asymmetry.
Recognition:Diagnosis is simple, based on the characteristic position of the head. Radiography of the cervical spine is important to determine the cause of the disease.
Treatment is determined by causality: when the sternocleidomastoid muscle is shortened, plastic surgery is performed to cut or plastic muscle lengthening to restore the correct position of the head.