Non-carious lesion of teeth
Diseases of non-carious origin can be both the result of a malformation of the tooth, and its defeat after eruption. Disturbances in the development of teeth are manifested in the form of various changes in the enamel: normal color, underdevelopment, its absence or, conversely, an excessive amount in the form of enamel drops. Manifestations can be on most teeth or on individual teeth. Often observed anomalies in the shape of the teeth.
It happens that pigment spots or strokes appear on enamel, more often on incisors, less often on other teeth. Sometimes defects occur in the form of enamel erosion. The reason is an excess of fluoride salts in drinking water. Hence the name of the disease - fluorosis (in Latin fluorine fluorum). It is detected already in childhood on permanent teeth. Pigmented spots and stripes (strokes) create significant cosmetic inconvenience. And in cases of erosion, conditions arise for the destruction of the enamel cover of the tooth. The disease is often endemic in nature, i.e. It affects the population of a certain region, where in one liter of water contains more than 1-1.5 mg of fluorine salts.
Centralized technologies have been developed to reduce their level in drinking water. Existing changes on tooth enamel are amenable to cosmetic treatment by the dentist.