A group of diseases arising from the effects of mental trauma and accompanied by a violation of general well-being, mood instability and somato-vegetative manifestations. In principle, a neurotic breakdown is possible in any person, but its nature and form are determined by a number of factors. On the one hand, the formation of a neurosis is directly dependent on the personality characteristics of a person, his hereditary selective tolerance of external influences, and the level of adaptive capabilities of the body. On the other hand, the occurrence of a particular neurosis is determined by the nature of the psychological trauma, which can be acute, simultaneous (for example, sudden death of a loved one) or a long-term adverse situation (conflict tense situation in the family, at work). However, in any case, the psychogenic situation should be emotionally significant for the patient, be of a certain life value. In addition, neuroses more often occur in persons who have suffered mental trauma in childhood, brought up in unfavorable family conditions, often suffering from somatic diseases.
Neuroses are functional disorders, i.e. reversible (disappearing themselves some time after the action of mental trauma or amenable to complete cure). Patients are aware of the fact of mental disorder and critically evaluate their condition.
Domestic psychiatrists usually distinguish three main forms of neurosis: neurasthenia, hysterical neurosis, and neurosis of obsessive states. According to the International Classification, neurotic depression, phobic and hypochondriac neurosis, fear neurosis, etc. are considered separately. Consider the most common clinical forms of neurosis.