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A group of diseases arising from the impact of mental trauma and accompanied by a violation of general well-being, mood instability and somato-vegetative manifestations. Neurotic breakdown is possible in principle for any person, but its character and form are determined by a number of factors. On the one hand, the formation of neurosis is directly dependent on the personality characteristics of a person, his hereditary selective tolerance of external influences, the level of the adaptive abilities of the organism. On the other hand, the occurrence of a neurosis is determined by the nature of the mental trauma, which can be acute, one-time (for example, the sudden death of a loved one) or a long-term adverse situation (conflict situation in the family, at work). However, in any case, the psychogenic situation should be emotionally meaningful for the patient, be of a certain life value. In addition, neuroses are more likely to occur in persons who have suffered mental trauma in childhood, brought up in adverse family conditions, often suffering from somatic diseases.
Neuroses are functional disorders, i.e. reversible (disappear themselves some time after the action of mental injury or can be completely cured). Patients are aware of the fact of mental disorder and critically evaluate their condition.
Domestic psychiatrists usually distinguish three main forms of neurosis: neurasthenia, hysterical neurosis, and obsessive-compulsive neurosis. According to the International Classification, neurotic depression, phobic and hypochondriac neuroses, neurosis of fear, etc. are considered separately. Consider the most common clinical forms of neurosis.