Women are very vulnerable to this infection due to their anatomy. Short paths from the rectum to the vagina and urethra (the holes leading to the bladder) are easily overcome by bacteria. As long as they do not penetrate the body, they are harmless. But it is worthwhile for these usually harmless microorganisms (most often E-coli) to get into the urethra or into the bladder, as they turn into disease-causing ones. Worse, they take root there and begin to multiply.
Symptoms of burning and pain during urination, frequent urge to urinate are inevitable. There may even be blood in the urine. There is pain in the lower abdomen, pain in the back or side.
If you have ever had cystitis, you know that its manifestations cause so much inconvenience that they cannot be ignored. And this is good. If urinary tract infections are not treated, the infection will reach the kidneys, and this is fraught with very serious consequences.