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Economic analysis - Bolyukh M.A., Burchevsky V.Z.

7.5. Analysis of reserves

Shchob post_yino zpezpechuvati zrostannya side by side, requiring shukati nevikoristanі oglivostі yogo zbіlshennya, so that reserve zrostannya. The reserve is the value. Reserves appear at the stages of the plan and the uninterrupted production of products and realizatsii. Visiting reserves in the future will be based on science-based methods of separation from mobile communications.

In the process of reserve reserves, there are three steps:

1) analitic - at what level do you see and reserve reserves;

2) organization - here you can scrutinize a complex of engineering and technical, organization, economic and social visits, as well as protect your public reserves;

3) functional - if it’s practical to come in and control the weekend.

Reserves zbіlshennya a little лив possible:

  • for a rakhunok zbіlshennya oath to the launch of products (work, service);
  • for small wraps of lowered vitrats for virobnitz and realization of products;
  • for market rachony economy and national vostorostnya koshtіv for the payment of practical robots and services;
  • beyond the clock, the reach of scientific and technological progress, as a result of which is more productive.

Rozglyano deyakі z tikh straightforward in more detail.

Reserve reserve for a profit (RZO) for a small grocery basket for an oath of food products, to pay for the formula:

Reserve reserve

de - the planned sum for a unit of i- product;

- Dodatkovo realized products (tys. UAH).

As a matter of fact, the allowance is insured for 1 UAH of production, then the total amount of reserve as a result of the unfulfilled obligation is realized for the formula:

Reserve reserve

de - the actual margin of sales of products;

- actual oath of realizatsії;

  • DР (рз) - reserve for real product sales.

Signature: Butt 1 Visit the reserves reserve for the benefit of the market for the oath of realization (Table 7.5).

Table 7.5

RESERVES ZRABANA PERKUNKU FOR THE SHAPE OF THE BROTHER TOGETHER REALIZATSІЇ PRODUCTS

Products

The reserve of the oath of oath realizatsії, UAH

Sumy boby bite plan, UAH

Reserve zbіlshennya sumi a profit, yew. UAH

A

150

10

1,5

B

230

fifteen

3.45

IN

210

20

4.2

G

80

thirty

2,4

D

120

45

5,4

Usyogo

-

-

16.95

  • This table shows how to reserve a margin for the rent for the whole realization of all kinds of products becomes 16.95 thousand. UAH

“The most important thing is to make a direct joke of reserves in order to reduce the cost of low sales and sales of products.

  • For Poshuk th pіdrahunku rezervіv zrostannya pributku for rakhunok znizhennya sobіvartostі analіzuyut zvіtnі danі schodo vitrat on virobnitstvo for kalkulyatsіyami, koristuyuchis method porіvnyannya factuality rіvnya vitrat of Progressive NAUKOVO obґruntovanimi rules i regulations for species vitrat (sirovini i materіalіv, palivno-energetichnih resursіv) regulations vikoristannya virologic squeezes, possession, norms of indirect material vitrities, capital insert skinny.

Kіlkіsna the value of reserves is designated for the specified amount of the reached standard normative value:

Kіlkіsna reserve value ,

de - a reserve of low self-sustainability products for groceries and type of resources;

- the actual value of the victorian ith type of resource;

- the normative value of the vicarious ith species resource. In this case, the magnitude of the declining reserves of lowered output and products is indicated by the following formula:

the magnitude of the manifested reserves is lower than the standard value of products .

Reserves of lower life products will be water hours and reserves for longer periods of time, and later on, the reserves of the reserve should be carried out per day for the formula:

rozrahunki reserve zrostanna ,

de - reserve zrostannya to a profit;

- it is possible to lower the vitrate for 1 UAH of products;

- sold products for sound;

- Mighty oath of oath realizatsії.

Signature: Butt 2 Visit the reserve reserves for the profit for the low-value part of sold products (Table 7.6).

Table 7.6

RESERVES ZARANTA ZHARKENU FOR THE UNDERGROUND SHOPPING LOT OF PRODUCTS REALIZED PRODUCTS

Products

Reserves of low maintenance, UAH

Mozhlivy oath realizatsії products, UAH

Reserve zbіlshennya sumi a profit, yew. UAH

A

8

900

7.2

B

6

860

5.16

IN

10

300

3.0

G

eleven

430

4.73

D

9

520

4.68

Usyogo

-

-

24.77

When you write down the largest amount of reserves for lower prices and products for all calculation articles, you need to detail reserve reserves for the cost of a lower cost of living and increased costs for the next year.

The cost saving of living expenses is reached for the rachuns of health of such visits: increased productivity of labor and low labor costs; hardened vitrat for a year old robots, the payment for a standard and an internal one is simply skinny.

You can carry out a payroll for the windfall of the manifested reserves in the lower maintenance hours for such voltages:

1. Health organization-technical visits. You can win an economy with a length of 12 months for a rakhunok of tso at the time of repeated visit.

economy and organization of technical and technical visits ,

de - economy in health organization, technical and technical visits, UAH; - Partiality of single products іnvіpovіdno until і pіslja zdііsnennya given organizatsіyno-tehnіchnogo entry, UAH;

VP - a special oath to the issue of products and services for organisation-technical entry, UAH.

2. Changing the number of robots. Tsey zhid could save for saving directly through those that are in the transfer:

  • greater productivity, and later, greater liability for less and less labor;
  • Zmіnu labor labor products;
  • more often than not, the Victoria Hour Fund.
  • For all of them, it is possible to brow with the formula:

reserve of observances for rachunks changes in the number of robots

de - reserve, observances for rachunks changes in the number of robots, UAH;

H - average number of fast-moving robots, OSB;

- The average pay of a robotic engineer, UAH;

- the amount of insurance from social and financial funds.

3. Save money on payment for the price due to the availability of scientific and technological progress (lower labor costs) to pay for such a formula:

Save money to pay the price for the round-robin due to the reach of the science and technology progress ,

de - reserve for rakhahrov zaprovadzhennya zadiv in science and technology progress, UAH;

- Vitrati for the payment of one-hundred and one single products up to the date of delivery of science-and-technology achievements, UAH;

- an oath of virobnitz products for the day of reaching the center of rock in natural units of vimir.

4. Changing the direct material vitrates. For the rosrahunka sumi of the gracious, the corridor is corrupted by the formula:

Direct change of material vitrates ,

de - a bag of money, gained for a mop of lowered material vitrates, UAH;

, - the norm of vitrates of direct material resources up to supply of science and technology for natural units in vimir;

- price direct material vitrates, UAH;

VP - an oath of virobnitstva products and services in the NTP, UAH.

5. Reduced mental-vitality vitrines can also be a reserve for a longer stay. Such a downgrade may be due to the oversight of the oath of the VIP product. Tsju fallow is possible by such a formula:

Decreased mental-vitality vitrats ,

de - the sum zbіlshennya a little extra for the rakhunok znizhenniya intellectually fast vitamins, UAH;

- Sum Vitrat for one of complex articles, UAH;

- pitoma wagas of intellectual-post-age vitrates in articles of vitrates;

- the amount of depreciation in the insurance system at the base period, UAH;

- the rate of growth of the oath of the issue of food production, a factor.

6. Food products. Significant reserve of profitable lodgement (table. 7.7).

Table 7.7

RESERVES FOR THE BEST PERFORMANCE FOR A SHAPE OF THE FOUR DIPPED ANCHOR PRODUCTS VIROBU A

Grade

Vidpuskna price per unit of production, yew. UAH

Virolobno products actually, yew. UAH

Pitoma vaga,%

Vidhilennya at pet vazі, (±)

Зміна average price realizatsії, yew. UAH

factual

mozhliva for pidvishchennya yakostі

1

10

300

49.2

60

+ 10.8

+ 108.0

2

9

210

34,4

40

+ 5.6

+ 50.4

3

8

100

16,4

-

- 16.4

- 131.2

Usyogo

-

610

100

100

-

+ 27.2

These tables show that they have up to 60% of the quality of the first grade products, up to 40% of the other, 40% of the lower grade of the third grade and the average price of 27.0 thousand. UAH

Pislya zakіnchenchennya analizu a joke reserve_v zbіlshennya a little profit results zagalnyuyutsya. For an hour, I’ll make a reservation for a little while stretching out rocky rock, the reserves of short-string diodes can appear in rapids. Victory reserve is available for the additional fragmentation of the system of operational calls.