Mary Lou Ballueg went to the doctors for 15 years before finding out why she had excruciating pain during menstruation. “The pain is so intense that I often find myself unable to climb the stairs leading to my house,” says Ballueg, who was finally diagnosed with endometriosis when she was 31 years old.
Ballueg was sure that she had endometriosis long before she heard this from the doctor. She always refused to believe that her symptoms were psychosomatic, that she was hypochondriac or, as one doctor said, “just very nervous.” She decided to conduct her own investigation.
“Almost everything I read or heard about endometriosis refused to be contradictory, confused, and often incorrect,” she says. Nobody seemed to know anything about this disease. ” This was one of the reasons why she contacted the Association of Specialists of Endometriosis Specialists. There she found out that even now 70 percent of women who go there complain that their treating doctors tried to attribute the symptoms to psychological ones.
Doctors do not know what causes endometriosis. They also cannot explain why some women develop it, while others do not, although there is evidence that it can be inherited. He is the first thing that they begin to suspect if a woman cannot become pregnant. In general, endometriosis is a distraught menstrual cycle. Every month, preparing for a possible pregnancy, the tissue lining the uterus swells with blood, a place is being prepared that should nourish the future fetus. If conception did not take place, the lining, called the endometrium, is rejected and excreted through the vagina in other words, you are menstruating.
“However, sometimes the normal tissue of the uterine mucous membrane of the uterus penetrates the fallopian tubes, into the abdominal cavity, is implanted and begins to grow outside the uterus,” explains Dorothy Barbo, MD, professor from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Medicine, University of New Mexico and Deputy Medical Director of the University Women's Health Center in Albuquerque. The endometrium can attach to the ovaries, germinate in the fallopian tubes, bladder, and even in the rectum. Like the endometrium inside the uterus, it responds to signals from ovarian hormones. When the ovaries command the endometrium to begin to grow, these stray endometrial fragments also begin to swell with blood. As a result, you may experience severe pain during menstruation, during sexual intercourse, or even just when trying to take a shower. Or you may not feel any pain. You may have endometriosis, but you may not be aware of it. ”
Unlike discharge during menstruation, in which monthly blood is removed from the uterus through the vagina, blood from the "abnormal" endometrial tissue has nowhere to go. Inflammation begins. After the inflammatory process subsides, scar tissue remains. Since this process is repeated from month to month, the volume of the “abnormal” endometrium may increase. Sometimes this leads to impaired function of the organs or even to adhesions of the organs.
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