Mary Lou Balloueg went to doctors for 15 years before finding out why she had excruciating pain during menstruation. “The pain is so strong that I often fail to climb the steps leading to my house,” says Ballueg, who was finally diagnosed with endometriosis when she was 31 years old.
Ballueg was sure that she had endometriosis long before she heard it from the doctor. She always refused to believe that her symptoms were psychosomatic in nature, that she was a hypochondriac or, as one doctor said, "just very nervous." She decided to conduct her own investigation.
“Almost everything I read or heard about endometriosis refused to be contradictory, confused, and often incorrect,” she says. It seemed no one knew anything about the disease. ” This was one of the reasons she appealed to the Association of Doctors of Specialists in Endometriosis. There, she learned that even now, 70 percent of women who go there complain that their attending doctors tried to classify the symptoms as psychological.
Doctors do not know what causes endometriosis. They also cannot explain why some women develop it and others do not, although there is evidence that it can be inherited. He is the first thing that begins to suspect if a woman can not get pregnant. In general, endometriosis is a crazed menstrual cycle. Each month, preparing for a possible pregnancy, the tissue lining the uterus swells with blood, a place is prepared that should nourish the future fetus. If conception did not take place, the lining, called the endometrium, is rejected and removed through the vagina in other words, you menstruate.
“However, sometimes the normal tissue of the endometrial mucosa enters the fallopian tubes, implants into the abdominal cavity, and begins to grow outside the uterus, explains Dorothy Barbo, MD, professor from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of New Mexico and deputy medical director at the University Center for Women's Health in Albuquerque. Endometrium can attach to the ovaries, germinate in the fallopian tubes, bladder and even in the rectum. Like the endometrium inside the uterus, it responds to signals from ovarian hormones. When the ovaries command the endometrium to start growing, these stray endometrial fragments also begin to swell with blood. As a result, you may experience severe pain during menstruation, during sexual intercourse, or even just when trying to take a shower. Or you may not experience any pain. You may have endometriosis, but you may not even guess about it. ”
In contrast to the discharge during menstruation, in which monthly blood is drawn from the uterus through the vagina, blood from the "abnormal" tissue of the endometrium has no place to go. Inflammation begins. After the inflammatory process subsides, scar tissue remains. Since this process is repeated from month to month, the volume of “abnormal” endometrium can grow. Sometimes this leads to dysfunction of the organs or even to the adhesions of the organs.
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