The procedure for the introduction into the rectum of various fluids for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes. Treatment enemas include cleansing, laxative, nourishing (for the introduction of nutrients into the body of debilitated patients) and drugs. Diagnostic enemas are intended to introduce contrast agents into the intestine for x-ray examination.
For enemas, use either a pear-shaped rubber balloon (syringe) with a soft or hard tip, or an Esmarch mug (a special vessel with a capacity of 11.5 liters) or a funnel, which are connected to the tip through the rubber tube with a tap. Cleansing and relaxing enemas are prescribed by a doctor or experienced paramedical; Medicinal and nutritional enemas are prescribed only by a doctor.
Enemas are contraindicated in acute inflammatory and ulcerative processes in the rectum, acute appendicitis, peritonitis, intestinal bleeding, bleeding hemorrhoids, decaying colon cancer, anal fissures, prolapse of the rectum, sharp pains during the procedure.
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