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Glossary of terms

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Rubber - Elastoelastic composite material based on vulcanized rubber with special additives.

Resorcinol - Meta-dihydroxybenzene, water soluble crystals.

Rhodamine - Violet crystals, soluble in water additionally alcohol.

Rosein - Aniline dye.

Mercury- Liquid silvery white metal, Yadovit.

Mercury nitrate - Mercury nitrate, exists as the crystalline hydrate Hg2 (NO3) 2 * 2H2O. Crystals soluble in water.

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Sabur - evaporated to dry juice of aloe.

Dutch soot - A brittle, finely dispersed carbon product of insufficient combustion or thermal decomposition of carbon-containing compounds.

Salol - Musol, phenyl salicylate, C13H10O3. A snow-white crystalline powder, approximately insoluble in water, is readily soluble in chloroform as well as ether.

Sandarak - Solid natural vegetable resin.

Safflower - Aniline dye of scarlet color.

Safranin - Aniline dye of saffron-yellow color.

Burnt sugar - A product obtained by heating sugar.

Milk sugar - Lactose, C12O22H11. Contained in milk of mammals (1.8 - 7.6%)

Lead Sugar - Lead Acetate Trihydrate, (CH3COO) 2Pb3H2O. Crystals well soluble in water.

Lead - A soft, ductile, bluish-gray metal.

Lead Nitrate - Lead Nitrate, Pb (NO3) 2. Crystals soluble in water.

Lead sulfurous - Lead sulphide, PbS. Black insoluble in water crystals.

Lead carbonate - Carbonate lead, PbCO3. Snow-white insoluble in water crystals.

Lead acetic acid - See lead sugar.

Salt - Collective name of nitrates (nitrate salts) of certain metals. Soluble in water.

Sepia (paint) - Light brown paint from an ink bag of sepia marine mollusk.

Sulfur - Lemon yellow crystals.

Sulfur sedimentary - Native sulfur, found in sulfuric ores of sedimentary origin.

Sulfur chloride - Sulfur chloride S2Cl2. Greenish yellow liquid with a pungent odor.

Silver - Soft metal of a white color.

Silver nitric acid - Silver nitrate, AgNO3. Colorless crystals, soluble in water.

Silver sulphide - Silver sulphide, Ag2S. Insoluble in water.

Silver chloride - Silver chloride , AgCl. Snow crystals, insoluble in water.

Hydrogen sulfide is H2S, gas with the smell of rotten eggs. It's poisonous.

Carbon disulfide is CS2, a liquid that is hydrolyzed by water.

Desiccator - Oxidation catalyst for unsaturated vegetable oils. Frequent soaps of heavy metals.

Silicate - A salt of silicic acid.

Sodium silicate - Sodium silicic acid, Na2SiO3. Crystals soluble in water.

Turpentine - A mixture of vegetable hydrocarbons. Colorless or yellowish liquid with a resinous odor.

Ammonia resin - A solution of ammonia, also other compounds in water, formed during the coking of coal.

Resin dollar - Resin of natural origin.

Wood tar - Resin, formed during the thermal decomposition of wood.

Resin coal - A resinous substance obtained from coal.

Resin dug - See copal.

Resin rosnovnadnaya - Resin, obtained from the censer dew.

Pine pitch - A product of dry distillation of pine wood.

Resin black - See the pitch.

Resin "Elemi" - Natural fragrant raw materials.

Soda - See sodium bicarbonate.

Calcined soda - Calcium carbonate, CaCO3. White hygroscopic powder.

Caustic soda - See sodium caustic.

Salt is nitrogen-bismuth - See bismuth nitrate.

Nitrate silver salt - See silver nitric acid.

Glauber's salt - sodium sulfate decahydrate (Na2SO4 * 10H2O). Soluble in water crystals.

Bicarbonate salt - See sodium bicarbonate.

Salt - See sodium chloride.

Sulfuric chloride salt - See barium sulfate.

Salt carbonate - See potash.

Salt carbonate - Sodium carbonate, Na2CO3. Crystals soluble in water.

Salt is acetic -copper - See copper acetic acid.

Acetic sodium salt - Acetic acid sodium, sodium acetate, CH3COONa. Crystals soluble in water.

Phosphoric sodium salt - Sodium phosphate, Na3PO4. Crystals soluble in water.

Chloride salt - See sodium chloride.

Chromate salt - See potassium dichromate.

Spermaceti - Plate-like wax crystals, obtained from the spermacetian knapsack of the sperm whale's head,

Alcohol - Ethyl alcohol, alcoholic wine, ethanol (C2H5OH).

Wood alcohol - Methanol, methyl alcohol, CH3OH. Transparent liquid with an alcohol smell. It's poisonous.

Camphor alcohol - alcohol solution of camphor.

Alcohol strong ammonia - See ammonia.

Alcohol ammonia - Aqueous solution of ammonia in water. A liquid with a sharp smell of ammonia.

Petroleum distillate - Liquid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum mash with boiling point - 40-100 ° С.

Stearin - A mixture of stearic acid-based substances, including other fatty acids. A solid, fatty product.

Glass liquid - A solution of sodium silicate in water, a viscous liquid.

Styrax - Resin, which is released when the trees of the hamamelid family are injured. Thick gray-brown opaque liquid, soluble in alcohol, insoluble in water.

Strontium sulfide - strontium sulfide, SrS. Crystals hydrolyzed by dissolution in water.

Strontium carbonate - Strontium carbonate, SrCO3. Poorly water soluble crystals.

Sudan's red (Sudanrot) - Aniline dye.

Sulhema - Mercury dichloride, HgCl2. Crystals that are poorly soluble in cold, preferably in hot water.

Iron Ore - A natural material consisting of iron oxide Fe2O3, clays are also quartz.

Lead oxide - Tetrax tetraoxide, Pb3O4. Orange-red crystals insoluble in water.

Antimony trichloride - Antimony trichloride , SbCl3. Soluble in water crystals.

Antimony chloride - Antimony Pentachloride, SbCl5. Heavy liquid, soluble in water.

Whey Milk - A liquid that forms during the fermentation of milk.