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Glossary of Terms
- F - X - C -
- f -
Fibrin - A protein derived from fibrinogen. Causes blood clotting.
Formalin - A solution of formaldehyde (formic aldehyde) CH2O. Liquid with a characteristic odor. Formaldehyde - 256. See formalin.
Fuchsin - Bright red triarylmethane dye.
- X -
Henna (henna) - Red-yellow paint obtained from the leaves of the bush of Lawson.
Sulfin quinine - The sulfate salt of quinine, an alkaloid of the cinchona tree.
Chinosole - Crystals that are readily soluble in water.
Chloral hydrate - C2H3O2Cl3. Water soluble crystals.
Ammonium Chloroplatinate - Ammonium chloroplatinates exist in a pair of formulations: (NH4) 2 [PtCl6} and (NH4) 2lPtCl4} (yellow and red crystals, respectively).
Chlorophyll - A derivative of the porphyrin magnesium complex. Pigment of photosynthetic plants responsible for photosynthesis.
Chloroform - Trichloromethane, CHCl3. A characteristic odorless liquid that mixes poorly with water.
Chrome yellow (paint) - Paint based on lead chromate, PbClO4.
Chrome green (paint) - Paint based on chromium oxide Cr2O3.
Chrompeak - See potassium dichromate.
- C -
Nutmeg Color - A spice obtained from the fruit of a nutmeg tree (Muscatel).
Sulfur color - Fine powder obtained by cooling sulfur vapor during its distillation.
Celluloid - A thermoplastic polymer based on cellulose nitrate.
Cellulose - A polysaccharide of the composition [C6H7O2 (OH) 3] n (fiber). White fibrous material, insoluble in water.
Portland Cement - A cementitious material consisting mainly of calcium silicates, also obtained by co-fine grinding clinker and gypsum. .
Ceresin - A mixture of saturated hydrocarbons C36 C55. A white or brown waxy substance, insoluble in water and also alcohol.
Ceresin yellow - See ceresin.
Zinc - Silver-white metal.
Zinc Chloride - Zinc Chloride, ZnCl2. Crystals well soluble in water.