RED LIQUID - a skin disease characterized by itchy nodules (papular) rashes, lesions of the mucous membranes of the mouth and external genital organs, as well as nails. Most adults are sick.
Etiology is not fully established; suggest that the causative agent is a virus. Mental injuries, dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system, endocrine disorders, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract organs, etc. play an important role in the development of the disease. Chronic infection foci, some medications (for example, streptomycin) can have a provoking effect.
Rashes in the form of papules are usually located symmetrically on the flexor surface of the forearm, abdomen, legs, thighs. Papules are dense, red-violet in color with polygonal outlines, flat shiny surface and a slight depression in the center. Gradually they turn brown and then brown; can merge, forming slightly flaky plaques up to 3 cm in diameter. On some of the plaques a grayish-white mesh pattern is seen, which is better revealed when it is smeared with vegetable oil. The appearance of rash is accompanied by itching, especially strongly pronounced in the elderly and children. In the acute stage of the disease (in the period of the appearance of new lesions), typical papules appear at the site of skin traumatization (scratches, scratches) in 7-10 days.
The lesion of the mucous membranes occurs in isolation or in combination with rashes on the skin. On the mucous membrane, lesions are localized mainly on the inner surface of the cheeks, the back of the tongue, less often on the palate, red lip of the lips, vulva, where small whitish papules form a lesion, sometimes resembling a fern leaf in outline. One of the forms of lesion of the mucous membrane is erosive-ulcerative, characterized by a persistent course; it is observed more often in patients with diabetes and hypertension.
The affected nail plates become thinner, become dull, brittle, are deformed, longitudinal scallops shaped linear thickenings appear on their surface.
Treatment consists in the rehabilitation of foci of chronic infection, the elimination of neurotic, metabolic and immune disorders. They prescribe antibiotics, antihistamines (suprastin, fencarol, tavegil, etc.) and sedatives (valerian, tazepam, etc.) in combination with vitamins of group B, nicotinic acid. With persistent progression of the process, glucocorticoids, methyluracil , potassium orotate are used. Topically effective corticosteroids, as well as antiviral ointments (for example, rhyodoxol). In case of severe itching, the lesions wipe with a 2–5% aqueous or alcohol solution of resorcinol, 0.1% menthol solution with a 1% solution of chloral hydrate. The condition of patients improve warm baths, hypnosis, electric. You must follow a diet (table number 5) and ensure proper skin care.