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Directory of Diseases (in letter P)


RADICULITIS - damage to the roots of the spinal nerves, characterized by pain and impaired sensitivity of the radicular type, less often peripheral paresis. The main reason for the development of radiculitis is ... more

CANCER (syn: carcinoma) is a malignant tumor that develops from epithelial tissue. Depending on the tissue from which the tumor arises, squamous cell carcinoma (from squamous epithelium), adenocarcinoma are distinguished ... more

Multiple sclerosis is a chronic, often progressive disease of the central nervous system, which is characterized by the formation of multiple foci of demyelination in the brain and spinal cord, as well as the optic nerve. Etiology and pathogenesis ... more

Confusion. In psychiatric practice, confusion does not mean everyday “embarrassment from strong excitement,” but an acute mental disorder, which is characterized by distracted attention with the affect of perplexity and ... more

RAKHIT - a disease of young children, due to a lack of vitamin D in the body; characterized by metabolic disorders, primarily phosphorus-calcium, bone formation disorders, ... more

Vomiting - a complex reflex act leading to an eruption of the contents of the stomach (sometimes together with the contents of the intestine) through the mouth - occurs when peripheral or central irritants act on the vomiting ... more

RHEUMATISM - a systemic inflammatory disease of the connective tissue with a primary lesion of the heart. In the development of rheumatism, importance is attached to infection (beta-hemolytic streptococcus). The clinical picture .... more

RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS - a chronic systemic inflammatory disease with a predominant joint damage in the type of progressive erosive-destructive polyarthritis. Refers to diffuse diseases of connective tissue ... more

REGURGITATION - the rapid movement of fluids or gases in the opposite direction to the natural, observed in hollow muscle organs during their contraction. Usually occurs when dysfunction of the muscle pulp of these ... more

RHEIN DISEASE - a disease characterized by paroxysmal ischemia of the fingers or toes due to impaired regulation of vascular tone. In etiology, hereditary predisposition, condition ...

REUTER SYNDROME (syn: urethrooculosinovial syndrome) is characterized by a combination of urethritis and (or) enterocolitis, arthritis and conjunctivitis. The etiology and pathogenesis are not finally clarified, but the participation of various ... more

Retinitis is an inflammatory disease of the retina. Often, due to the involvement in the process of the choroid itself (choroid), it proceeds in the form of chorioretinitis. The occurrence of retinitis is often associated with ... more

Rhinitis (syn.: Runny nose) - inflammation of the nasal mucosa. Acute rhinitis can be an independent disease (mainly hypothermia serves as a predisposing factor) or a symptom of acute infectious ... more

BIRTH INJURY. Damage associated with childbirth can occur in both a woman and a newborn (see Birth injury to newborns) in the pathological course of childbirth, insufficiently qualified obstetric care. To ... more

BIRTHDAY INJURY OF THE NEWBORNS. Factors predisposing to birth injury are the incorrect position of the fetus, the mismatch of the size of the fetus with the dimensions of the pelvis of the pregnant woman (large fetus or narrowed pelvis), features ... more

DELIVERY - the physiological process of expulsion of the fetus, amniotic fluid and placenta (placenta, membranes, umbilical cord) from the uterus after the fetus reaches viability. A viable fetus, as a rule, becomes ... more

Erysipelas is an infectious disease characterized by focal serous or serous-hemorrhagic skin inflammation, fever and intoxication. Women are more often sick. The causative agent of the infection is beta-hemolytic ... more

ROTAVIRUS GASTROENTERITIS (syn.: Rotavirus infection) is an infectious disease characterized by diarrhea and short-term fever. The causative agent is human rotavirus. The source of the pathogen is sick people and ... more