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Directory of Diseases (in the letter M)


MALARIA - an infectious disease caused by malarial plasmodia; characterized by periodic attacks of fever, enlargement of the liver and spleen, anemia, relapsing course. The spread of malaria ... more

MANIAKAL-DEPRESSIVE PSYCHOSIS - a mental illness characterized by the periodic development of depressive and manic seizures, after the disappearance of which (“light gap”), a complete recovery of the mental ... more

MANIAKAL SYNDROME ( synonym : mania) - high mood with motor fussy excitement, distraction and carefree gaiety. Manic patients are agitated, eloquent and hyperactive, sometimes ridiculously and brightly dressed .... more

Uterine bleeding is dysfunctional due to a violation of the functional state of the hypothalamus-pituitary-ovary-adrenal system, which regulates the hormonal function of the ovaries. Dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DMC) occurs ... more

MARCHING FOOT ( synonym : marching disease, overloaded foot) - periostitis and rearrangement of the middle third of the diaphysis II or III, less often IV-V metatarsal bones of the foot due to overload of the forefoot; accompanied by ... more

MASTITIS (syn: breast) - inflammation (mainly unilateral) of the mammary gland. In the vast majority of cases, it is observed in the postpartum period in nursing women (lactational mastitis), sometimes in women, ... more

MASTOIDITIS - acute purulent inflammation of the cells of the mastoid process of the temporal bone. More often occurs as a complication of acute purulent otitis media in individuals with reduced overall body resistance. Essential role ... more

MASTOPATHY - A dishormonal breast disease, which is based on the overproduction of estrogen. Repeated abortions, gynecological diseases, endocrine pathology are of some importance ... more

MEGACOLON - pathological expansion of part or all of the colon. Pathological expansion of the sigmoid colon is referred to by the term “megasigma”. The reasons leading to the development of megacolon are diverse: underdevelopment ... more

MEDIASTINITIS - serous or purulent inflammation of the mediastinal tissue. It arises as a complication of purulent diseases of the pleura, lungs, phlegmon of the face and neck, as a result of trauma to the mediastinal organs (for example, perforation ... more

MELENA (syn.: Tarry stool) - unformed black tarry stool with a fetid odor; a characteristic sign of esophageal, gastric or intestinal bleeding. It can also be observed in connection with ... more

Meningitis - inflammation of the membranes of the brain and spinal cord, usually of infectious origin. Meningitis is classified by etiology (bacterial, viral, fungal, etc.), the nature of the inflammatory process ... more

BASIC ANTIBACTERIAL DRUGS USED FOR PURULENT MENINGITES To reduce intracranial pressure with clinically significant intracranial hypertension, the administration of mannitol (0.25-0.5 g / kg iv drip for 15-20 minutes) or glycerol is indicated. The headboard should be ... more

Meningococcal infection - an infectious disease caused by meningococcus. Meningococcus is gram-negative, motionless, does not form a dispute, is not very resistant to external influences. Direct sunlight, temperature below 22 ° C, drying ... more

METEORISM - bloating as a result of excessive accumulation of gases in the digestive tract. Flatulence develops as a result of increased formation of gases when eating certain foods (potatoes, ... more

METROTHROMBOFLEBIT - inflammation and uterine vein thrombosis, is a complication of postpartum endometritis. The causative agents of infection (staphylococci, streptococci, Escherichia coli, etc.), penetrating the veins of the uterus, affect the venous walls and ... more

MYASTENIA - an autoimmune disease that causes a violation of neuromuscular transmission and is manifested by weakness and pathological fatigue of skeletal (striated) muscles. The disease is associated with the formation of ... more

MIGRAINE - a disease, the dominant manifestation of which is repeated attacks of intense headache. In the pathogenesis of migraine an important role is played by a hereditary predisposition. Long time attack ... more

MICROSPORIA - a disease of the skin and hair caused by parasitic fungi of the genus Microsporum. Anthropophilic fungi affect only humans, and bestial fungi cause microsporia in humans and animals (dogs, cats); ... more

MYOSITIS - inflammation of the muscles of various etiologies, manifested by muscle pain and muscle weakness. There are acute, subacute and chronic myositis, as well as limited (local) and diffuse (generalized) .... more

MYOCARDIODYSTROPHY - non-inflammatory myocardial damage, characterized by dystrophy of contractile cells of the heart muscle, structures of the cardiac conduction system and manifested by symptoms of a violation of the basic functions of the heart ... more

MYOCARDITIS - inflammation of the myocardium. It occurs in various diseases as a result of damage to the myocardium by infectious agents, toxins (poisons) of various origins, or as an allergic or autoimmune reaction .... more

Uterine fibroids - a benign tumor that develops from the muscle and connective tissue elements of the myometrium. It has the form of a dense rounded knot (more often there are several knots), which is clearly delimited from the surrounding ... more

MYOPIA - see Myopia

IMAGINED PREGNANCY - see False pregnancy

MULTI-FULL PREGNANCY - development in the uterus of two or (less) more fruits at the same time. Its frequency is 0.4-1.6% of all pregnancies. In recent years, it has become more common due to the widespread use of drugs, ... more

Urolithiasis (syn.: Urolithiasis) is a chronic disease characterized by metabolic disorders in the body, changes in the kidneys and urinary tract with the formation of urinary stones in them. The most common form of this ... more