Directory of Diseases (letter M)


Malaria is an infectious disease caused by malarial plasmodia; Characterized by periodic attacks of fever, increased liver and spleen, anemia, recurrent course. The spread of malaria ... more

MANIACAL-DEPRESSIVE PSYCHOSIS is a mental illness characterized by the periodic development of depressive and manic attacks, after the disappearance of which ("light interval"), a complete restoration of the psychic occurs ... more

MANIACAL SYNDROME (syn: mania) - elevated mood with motor fussy excitement, distractibility and carefree gaiety. Manic patients are excited, talkative and hyperactive, sometimes ridiculously and brightly dressed .... more

Uterine bleeding disorders are caused by a disturbance of the functional state of the hypothalamus-pituitary-ovary-adrenal system that regulates the hormonal function of the ovaries. Dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DMC) occurs ... more

MARSHEVA STOP (syn: march disease, congested foot) - periostitis and restructuring of the middle third of the diaphysis II or III, less often IV-V metatarsal foot bones due to overload of the forefoot; Accompanied by ... more

MASTIT (syn: chest) - an inflammation (predominantly one-sided) of the mammary gland. In the vast majority of cases observed in the puerperal period in lactating women (lactation mastitis), sometimes in women, ... more

MASTOIDITE - acute purulent inflammation of the cells of the mastoid process of the temporal bone. More often there is a complication of acute purulent otitis media in persons with a lower overall resistance of the organism. Essential role ... more

Mastopathy - dyshormonal disease of the breast, which is based on hyperproduction of estrogens. Of particular importance are multiple abortions, gynecological diseases, pathology of the endocrine system ... more

Megacolon - pathological expansion of part or the entire colon. The pathological expansion of the sigmoid colon is termed "megasigma". The causes that lead to the development of the megacolon are diverse: underdevelopment ... more

MEDIASTINIT - serous or purulent inflammation of the mediastinal fiber. It arises as a complication of purulent diseases of the pleura, lungs, phlegmon of the face and neck, as a result of trauma to the mediastinal organs (for example, perforation ... more

MELENA (syn: tarry stool) - unformed black tar-like feces with fetid odor; A characteristic sign of esophageal, gastric or intestinal bleeding. It can also be observed in connection with ... more

Meningitis - inflammation of the membranes of the brain and spinal cord, usually infectious genesis. Meningitis is classified by etiology (bacterial, viral, fungal, etc.), the nature of the inflammatory process ... more

MAIN ANTIBACTERIAL PREPARATIONS USED IN PURULENT MENINGITIS In order to reduce intracranial pressure with clinically significant intracranial hypertension, administration of mannitol (0.25-0.5 g / kg IV drip for 15-20 minutes) or glycerol was indicated. Headpiece should be ... read more

Meningococcal Infection is an infectious disease caused by meningococcus. Meningococcus is gram-negative, immobile, does not form a spore, is not resistant to external influences. Direct sunlight, temperature below 22 ° C, drying ... more

METEORISM - bloating as a result of excessive accumulation of gases in the digestive tract. Flatulence develops as a result of enhanced formation of gases when using certain food products (potatoes, ... more

METROTROMBOFLEBIT - inflammation and thrombosis of uterine veins, is a complication of postpartum endometritis. Infectious agents (staphylococci, streptococci, Escherichia coli, etc.), penetrating into the veins of the uterus, affect the venous walls and ... more

MYASTENIA is an autoimmune disease that causes a breakdown in the neuromuscular transmission and is manifested by the weakness and pathological fatigue of skeletal (transversely striated) muscles. The disease is associated with the formation of ... more

Migraine is a disease whose dominant manifestation is repeated attacks of intense headache. In the pathogenesis of migraines, an important role is played by hereditary predisposition. Long time attack ... read more

MICROSPORIA is a disease of the skin and hair caused by parasitic fungi of the genus Microsporum. Anthropophilous fungi affect only humans, and zoophilic bacteria cause microsporia in humans and animals (dogs, cats), ... more

MIOSIT - inflammation of muscles of various etiologies, manifested by pain in the muscles and muscle weakness. Distinguish between acute, subacute and chronic myositis, as well as limited (local) and diffuse (generalized) .... more

Myocardiodystrophy is a noninflammatory myocardial lesion, characterized by the dystrophy of the contractile cells of the cardiac muscle, the structures of the conduction system of the heart and manifested by the symptoms of a violation of the basic functions of the heart ... more

Myocarditis is an inflammation of the myocardium. It occurs with various diseases as a result of damage to the myocardium by infectious agents, toxins (poisons) of various origins or as an allergic or autoimmune reaction .... more

Myoma uterus is a benign tumor that develops from muscle and connective tissue elements of myometrium. It has the shape of a dense rounded node (more often there are several nodes), which is clearly delimited from the surrounding ... more

Myopia - see Myopia

MENTAL PREGNANCY - see False Pregnancy

MULTIPLE PREGNANCY - development in the uterus simultaneously two or (more rarely) more fetuses. The frequency of it is 0,4-1,6% of the number of all pregnancies In recent years, began to occur more often due to the widespread use of drugs, ... more

URINARY Disease (syn: urolythiasis) is a chronic disease, characterized by a disturbance of metabolic processes in the body, changes in the kidneys and urinary tract with the formation of urinary stones in them. The most common form of this ... more