METEORISM - bloating as a result of excess gas accumulation in the digestive tract. Flatulence develops as a result of increased gas production during the consumption of certain foods (potatoes, milk, soybeans, legumes, brown bread, vegetables), prolonged gas retention in the intestines, their insufficient absorption due to atony or inflammation of the intestines, as well as portal hypertension and circulatory disorders in mesenteric artery system. Sometimes its cause may be ingestion of excess air (see Aerophagy).
Flatulence is a common symptom of diseases and pathological conditions such as acute and chronic pancreatitis , chronic colitis , intestinal dysbiosis , peritonitis, complete or partial bowel obstruction, and gastric paresis.
With flatulence, there is a severity and a feeling of fullness in the abdomen, bouts of cramping abdominal pain that disappear after gas exhaustion, frequent (more than 20 times a day) gas exhaustion , belching , hiccups , halitosis, headaches and even pains in the heart area.
Before the appointment of therapeutic measures, the cause of flatulence should be established. When combined with other symptoms of acute abdomen, the patient should be hospitalized immediately; the use of enemas, laxatives, heating pads for the discharge of gases is permissible only in a surgical hospital. If flatulence is caused by an alimentary factor or is associated with chronic pancreatitis, chronic colitis, intestinal dysbiosis, disaccharidase deficiency, a diet with the restriction of foods containing high amounts of fiber (fresh vegetables, fruits, brown bread), and milk is recommended; rhythmic, fractional nutrition. Prescribe antispasmodics (metoclopramide, raglan, cerucal), enzyme preparations (panzinorm, pancreatin , festal , digestal, etc.). They treat the underlying disease.
Prevention includes rational nutrition, adequate motor activity, timely treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.