METEORISM - bloating as a result of excessive gas accumulation in the digestive tract. Flatulence develops as a result of increased gas formation during the consumption of certain foods (potatoes, milk, soybeans, legumes, black bread, vegetables), prolonged retention of intestinal gases, their inadequate absorption due to atony or inflammation of the intestines, and portal hypertension and circulatory disorders in mesenteric artery system. Sometimes it can be caused by the ingestion of excess air (see Aerophagia).
Flatulence is a frequent symptom of such diseases and pathological conditions as acute and chronic pancreatitis , chronic colitis , intestinal dysbacteriosis , peritonitis, complete or partial intestinal obstruction, paresis of the stomach.
When meteorism marked by the severity and a feeling of fullness in the abdomen, attacks of cramping abdominal pain, disappearing after the discharge of gas, frequent (more than 20 times a day) discharge of gas, belching , hiccups , bad breath, headaches and even pain in the heart.
Before the appointment of therapeutic measures should establish the cause of flatulence. When combined with other symptoms of acute abdomen, the patient should be immediately hospitalized; the use of enemas, laxatives, heaters for the discharge of gases is permissible only in a surgical hospital. If flatulence is caused by alimentary factor or is associated with chronic pancreatitis, chronic colitis, intestinal dysbiosis, disaccharidase deficiency, a diet with a restriction of foods containing large amounts of fiber (fresh vegetables, fruits, black bread), and milk is recommended; rhythmic, fractional food. They prescribe antispasmodics (metoclopramide, raglan, cerucal), enzyme preparations (panzinorm, pancreatin , festal , digestal, etc.). They treat the underlying disease.
Prevention includes a balanced diet, adequate motor activity, timely treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.