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TECHNOLOGY OF MANUFACTURE OF VARNISH FOR PICTURES AND PICTURES
Glossary of terms
For objects painted with light colors, for paintings used so-called dammarovy lacquer. It is prepared as follows: take 4 elements dammarovoj pitches, 5 parts turpentine also ј the share bleached (without lead) flax oil. This mishmash is boiled until completely dissolved, after which it is filtered through a thin metal sieve, it is allowed to settle and also poured.
To prepare the copal varnish mix 1 part of a light soft copal with 2 parts of turpentine, only if you want to get an elastic varnish, then add 3% more camphor. Then this mixture is filled with a bottle up to, clogged or put in the sun or kept warm, it is time to shake it from time to time. When the mixture completely dissolves, it is allowed to settle, drained and filtered through cotton wool. If the varnish, cooked in this way, is not completely transparent, it should be boiled in a bottle for an hour, putting the bottle in a steam bath. / P>
Mastic varnish makes the preparations as follows: in 12 parts of the cleaned, well-washed mastic take 1.5 elements of pure Venetian turpentine, 0.5 elements of camphor in powder, 5 parts of well-pounded glass, and 30 parts of purified turpentine. The mixture is dissolved in a water steam room, then allowed to stand, after a day, drain it and filter through cotton wool.
Varnish for drawings
Take 1 share of Dammar resin also insist for a couple of weeks in 5-6 parts of acetone, then drain the clear solution also to 4 parts of it add 3 elements of viscous collodion also allow the mixture to settle until it brightens. The varnish is applied to the image, watercolor, etc. with a brush. First, a matt layer is obtained; But later, as it dries, it becomes completely transparent also bright.
Mastic paint for oil paintings
Dissolve 6 elements sandaraka, 2 elements of mastic, 1 part of Copaic balsam, 1.5 elements of Venetian turpentine, 1 element of French turpentine, 20 elements of alcohol (96%).
Dutch varnish "Elemi" for oil paintings
Take 8 elements of mastic, 1 share of "Elemi" resin, 2 parts of Venetian turpentine, 29 parts of turpentine.
Fixative for drawings
Take 8 sandaraka elements also 92 elements of alcohol (or cheap cologne), dissolve also filter.
The above-mentioned fixative covers the reverse side of the drawings or the spray is sprayed with the left side, after which the pattern is not smeared.